Ethiopia: Two million animals have been lost to a “devastating” drought, says UNFAO – Published 13 Aug 2017 1245z (GMT/UTC)

The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has said that two million animals have been lost to a “devastating” drought in Ethiopia.

Healthy animals = elimination of hunger = healthy people = sustainable food production. – FAO

The UN agriculture agency said that the drought had devastated herders’ livelihoods as it exhausted pastures and water sources.

(Image: UNFAO)

It said the current food and nutrition crisis was significantly aggravated by the severe blow to pastoral livelihoods. “For livestock-dependent families, the animals can literally mean the difference between life and death – especially for children, pregnant and nursing mothers, for whom milk is a crucial source of nutrition.

“With up to two million animals lost so far, FAO is focusing on providing emergency livestock support to the most vulnerable pastoralist communities through animal vaccination and treatment, supplementary feed and water, rehabilitating water points, and supporting fodder and feed production”. FAO stressed that supporting the herders to get back on their feet and prevent further livestock losses was crucial in the Horn of Africa country, where hunger had been on the rise. “The drought has led to a significant number of animals dying or falling ill, particularly in the southern and south-eastern regions of the country, as other areas recover from previous seasons’ El Niño-induced drought,” the UN agency warned. It also said that drought-hit pastoralists were facing reduced milk production, rising malnutrition, and had limited income-earning capacity and severely constrained access to food. Abdoul Bah, FAO deputy representative in Ethiopia, said “some 8.5 million people – one in 12 people – are now suffering from hunger; of these, 3.3 million people live in Somali Region. “It is crucial to provide this support between now and October – when rains are due – to begin the recovery process and prevent further losses of animals. If we don’t act now, hunger and malnutrition will only get worse among pastoral communities.” According to Bah, by providing supplementary feed and water for livestock, while simultaneously supporting fodder production, FAO seeks to protect core breeding animals and enable drought-hit families to rebuild their livelihoods. In addition to FAO-supported destocking and cash-for-work programmes to provide cash for families, he said animal health campaigns would be reinforced to protect animals, particularly before the rain sets in – when they are at their weakest and more susceptible to parasites or infectious diseases. Bah said FAO urgently required $20 million between August and December to come to the aid of Ethiopia’s farmers and herders. “FAO has already assisted almost 500,000 drought-hit people in 2017 through a mix of livestock feed provision, de-stocking and animal health interventions,” he said. The support was courtesy of the Ethiopia humanitarian fund, Switzerland, Spain and Sweden through FAO’s special fund for emergency and rehabilitation activities, the UN central emergency response fund, as well as FAO’s own early warning early action (EWEA) fund and technical cooperation programme.

RSOE August 12 2017 01:23 PM (UTC).

Urgent support is needed in drought-stricken Ethiopia – @FAOemergencies
http://www.fao.org/emergencies/fao-in-action/stories/stories-detail/en/c/1029234/

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Colombia: Anthrax outbreak – El brote de Ántrax – 31 May 2012

Microscopic image of B. anthracis bacteria
and spores. (Source: CDC) (Click image for more about Anthrax)

One person has skin lesions and 16 animals have died in an anthrax outbreak in northern Colombia, near the Venezuelan border.

A notification on the website for the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) said the outbreak has affected two farms in the department of La Guajira.

Colombia’s Agriculture Ministry sent the information to the OIE on May 28.

The source of the deadly bacteria has not yet been determined, the report said.

One of the affected populations “belongs to an indigenous community in the department of La Guajira,” the notice states.

“The community has been informed of the protocol to be applied to dispose of the carcasses, mainly the fact that, under no circumstances, the dead animals must be neither manipulated nor consumed,” the report said.

Humans commonly contract anthrax through close contact with infected animals or eating ones that have died from the disease. “Susceptible species are being vaccinated.

An intense epidemiological surveillance is being conducted in the area together with the public health authorities,” the notification continued.

The animals will be also be quarantined in response to the outbreak.

Three goats, three sheep and two pigs have died from the outbreak on one farm.

Another five goats and two pigs have died on a separate farm. Anthrax, also used as a biological weapon, is caused by the spore-forming bacteria Bacillus anthracia, the OIE website states.

The disease causes dark ulcers on the skin of infected people when contracted from exposure to infected animals, and it occurs on all the continents.

Wednesday, 30 May, 2012 at 21:14 (09:14 PM) UTC RSOE

Colombia: El brote de �ntrax

Una persona tiene lesiones en la piel y de 16 animales han muerto en un brote de �ntrax en el norte de Colombia, cerca de la frontera con Venezuela.

Una notificaci�n en la p�gina web de la Organizaci�n Mundial de Sanidad Animal (OIE) dijo que el brote ha afectado a dos fincas en el departamento de La Guajira.

Agricultura de Colombia Ministerio envi� la informaci�n a la OIE el 28 de mayo.

La fuente de las bacterias mortales a�n no se ha determinado, seg�n el informe.

Una de las poblaciones afectadas “pertenece a una comunidad ind�gena en el departamento de La Guajira”, en el anuncio de los estados.

“La comunidad ha sido informada del protocolo que se aplicar� a disponer de los cad�veres, sobre todo el hecho de que, en ning�n caso, los animales muertos deben ser ni manipulado ni se destruye”, dijo el informe.

Los seres humanos normalmente contraer el �ntrax a trav�s del contacto estrecho con animales infectados o unos alimenticios que han muerto por la enfermedad. “Las especies sensibles est�n siendo vacunados.

Una intensa vigilancia epidemiol�gica se est� realizando en la zona junto con las autoridades de salud p�blica “, continu� la notificaci�n.

Los animales ser�n tambi�n ser puestos en cuarentena en respuesta al brote.

Tres cabras, ovejas y cerdos, dos tres han muerto por el brote en una granja.

Otros cinco cabras y dos cerdos han muerto en una finca independiente. �ntrax, tambi�n se utiliza como un arma biol�gica, es causada por el Bacillus anthracia bacterias formadoras de esporas, los estados de sitio web de la OIE.

La enfermedad causa �lceras oscuras en la piel de las personas infectadas cuando se contrae por exposici�n a animales infectados, y se produce en todos los continentes.

Mi�rcoles, 30 de mayo 2012 a las 21:14 (21:14) UTC RSOE

Ghana: 2 die in anthrax outbreak – fear farmers sold infected animals to food outlet

The chief of Googo in the Bawku West District of the Upper East Region, Naaba Akpaam Abugri, is alarmed that some farmers in the community whose animals died of anthrax sold such infected dead animals to a chop bar operator in the area.

Veterinary officers in the region, on Wednesday [25 Apr 2012], started the vaccination of cattle and other domestic animals except birdsb against anthrax, following the outbreak of the disease in that community which has claimed 2 human lives.

Although veterinary officers say 9 cows have died of the disease, Naaba Akpaam, briefed at Googo on Wednesday on the havoc caused by the disease, said about 30 cows and several donkeys,goats, sheep, and dogs had also died.

According to him, one of the farmers, who lost 8 cows, revealed that he had sold 6 of them to achop bar operator. Naaba Akpaam, who could not readily name the chop bar operator, and neither the specific location of the chop bar, said he had started making inquiries to know the owner and location of the bar, so that the remaining meat could be retrieved and destroyed to prevent the further spread of the disease.

He said some of the people who were infected with the disease had refused to be taken to the hospital,because they claimed if they went to the hospital and given injections, they would lose their lives.

The Upper East regional veterinary officer, Dr Thomas Anyorikeya, who is leading a team of veterinary personnel to carry out the vaccination exercise, disclosed that on Tuesday — day one of the exercise — 497 animals were vaccinated. They included 384 cattle, 86 sheep, 17 donkeys, 8 goats, and 5 dogs. On Thursday [26 Apr 2012], the 2nd day of the vaccination, 104 cattle were vaccinated by about 10:30 am. The number of the personnel on Thursday increased from 5 to 10, and they intended to vaccinate all the animals in the Googo community and adjoining ones such as Bazua and Sapelga.

Dr Anyorikeya was worried that for about 10 years now, no animals’census had been conducted. The annual animal census, which was being conducted by the Veterinary Service, provided a database of animals in the regions, districts, and communities, and helped in the operations of the service, including vaccinations.

Some of the personnel lamented that they did not have protective wear,such as gloves, wellington boots and overalls. This, they said,exposed them to risk in their line of operation.

The vaccination is expected to avert the further spread of the disease. Meanwhile, a ban on the movement of cattle has been imposed on the area.

Saturday, 28 April, 2012 at 09:29 (09:29 AM) UTC RSOE