Russia: Emergency declared as Tularemia epidemic cases rise to 900 in Khanty-Mansiysky Autonomous Region – 190913 1735z

According to the Department of healthcare of Khanty-Mansiysky Autonomous Region, 900 inhabitants have contracted tularemia.

Ticks (Image: medscape.com)

Among them, 858 people are residents of Khanty-Mansiysk; 33 live in Khanty-Mansiysk district; the remaining cases were recorded in Nizhnevartovsk.

It is established that several of the patients in Nizhnevartovsk are employees of the oil industry and contracted tularemia in the field.

In Khanty-Mansiysk and Khanty-Mansiysk district, work on measures against rodents and mosquitoes, which are the sources and carriers of disease, is continuing.

According to the Department of Rospotrebnadzor [The Federal Service for Protection of Consumers’ Rights and Well-Being] in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, the 1st cases were reported on 19 Aug 2013.

Due to the significant deterioration of the epidemiological situation regarding the incidence of tularemia in Khanty-Mansiysk, an emergency situation has been declared.
Thursday, 19 September, 2013 at 15:42 (03:42 PM) UTC RSOE

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Tularemia

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“Tularemia (also known as Pahvant Valley plague,[1]rabbit fever,[1]deer fly fever, and Ohara’s fever[2]) is a serious infectious disease caused by the bacteriumFrancisella tularensis.[3] A gram-negative, nonmotilecoccobacillus, the bacterium has several subspecies with varying degrees of virulence. The most important of those is F. tularensis tularensis (Type A), which is found in lagomorphs (rabbits and similar animals) in North America, and it is highly virulent in humans and domestic rabbits. F. tularensis palaearctica (Type B) occurs mainly in aquatic rodents (beavers, muskrats) in North America and in hares and small rodents in northern Eurasia. It is less virulent for humans and rabbits.[4] The primary vectors are ticks and deer flies, but the disease can also be spread through other arthropods.[3] The disease is named after Tulare County, California.” – wikipediaMore about Tularemia at wikipedia

Tularemia
Classification and external resources
Tularemia lesion.jpg

A tularemia lesion on the dorsal skin of the right hand

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India: Mystery viral disease strikes village in Jammu and Kashmir, 130 mostly young children ill – 100413 2115z

 

A viral disease is believed to have hit Kambar village in the Rafiabad area ofBaramulla_district (Jammu and Kashmir) after around 130 people most of them children in the age group of 2-12 years fell sick during the past 3 days.

(Image: wikimedia.org)

These patients had been diagnosed with fever, vomiting, abdominal pain, nausea and even some had redness in eyes.”The symptoms seem of some viral disease, however, actual cause of the sickness can be determined only through various investigations,” said a medical officer on the spot. Around 12 patients in the age group of 5-10 were admitted in the Baramulla district hospital for specialized treatment and their condition is stated to be stable. “We have received 12 patients with fever some of them also complaining of abdominal pain and few had redness in eyes. They are all stable now,” said Bashir Ahmad Chalkoo, Medical Superintendent, District Hospital Baramulla. The incident has caused panic not only in Kamber village where around 130 people are diagnosed with the disease but also in several adjacent villages.

 

The entire village of Kamber is worried over the sickness of children. The locals claim that if it is a viral disease why most of the patients are children. According to reports around 50 sick children are studying in Government Middle School Kamber, while some of the children belong to the local ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services) Centre. Locals claim that the mid-day meals provided in the school were adulterated (contaminated) and can be the cause of sickness of their children. However, chief education officer termed the allegation baseless. “If mid-day meals is the cause then why entire village is in the grip of disease. Not only children attending government schools but scores of other children in the village have also fallen sick,” said Rouf Ahmad, Chief Education Officer Baramulla. Meanwhile, medical teams from directorate of health services and district hospital Baramulla rushed to the spot to provide medical aid to the patients. “A team of integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP) has also reached the spot and collected water samples to determine the cause of disease. The department of food safety has also collected food samples from the local ICDS centre and school,” said chief medical officer Baramulla, Dr Abdul Rashid. Senior PDP (People’s Democratic Party) leader and former minister Muhammad Dillawar Mir has demanded an enquiry into the outbreak of the viral disease and fixing responsibility for the same.

 

Wednesday, 10 April, 2013 at 15:40 (03:40 PM) UTC RSOE

Uganda: Ebola virus outbreak kills 5, 2 other cases confirmed, 18 suspected, contacts 40 – 231112 1100z

(Image: wikimedia.org)
1976 photograph of two nurses standing in front of Mayinga N., a patient with Ebola virus disease; she died only a few days later due to severe internal bleeding and hemorrhaging.

One person succumbed to the Ebola virus Sunday, bringing the death toll in the latest outbreak of the dreaded Ebola haemorrhagic fever in Uganda to five.

The victim, a 29-year-old woman, died at Bombo Hospital, some 30 kilometres north of the capital Kampala, where she was admitted on Tuesday last week.

Halima Nakimbugwe is said to have contracted the disease while nursing her husband, a boda boda rider, who was the first person to die in the latest epidemic in Luweero District.

Ministry of Health spokesperson Rukia Nakamatte, said Nakimbugwe died yesterday afternoon at Bombo Hospital, where results of the tests carried out confirmed that she had contracted Ebola.

Two other people confirmed to have been infected with the virus have been admitted to Mulago Hospital.

Another 12 suspected to have been infected with the virus are also admitted to Mulago, while another six are at Bombo Hospital.

“The number of confirmed Ebola patients remains the two admitted to Mulago Hospital, while the number of contacts has risen from 34 to 40. These are being monitored both in Kampala and Bombo,” Ms Nakamatte said.

Another person, this time from Mbarara in the western region of the country, was also admitted to Mulago yesterday after he presented signs of the Ebola fever.

His blood samples have been taken for tests and results are expected soon.

In Luweero, a burial team set up by the District Ebola Task Force to ensure that bodies of those confirmed or suspected to have Ebola are handled and buried by a special team, yesterday narrowly escaped lynching by mourners who snatched a body from the Nakatonya Muslim Cemetery in Bombo Town Council.

According the Luweero District disease surveillance officer, Mr Richard Kawenyera, the mourners armed with clubs, sticks and stones accused the special burial team of violating Muslim burial rites by wrapping the dead body in a bag.

They insisted on washing the body before burial as part of the Islamic rites.

“We are worried because we do not know what happened afterwards. The blood sample was taken to the Uganda Virus Research Institute and the results had not been received to confirm whether or not he died of Ebola. If a positive result turns up, these people will have touched the body of an Ebola victim,” Mr Kawenyera said on Saturday.

The Luweero District Health Officer, Dr Joseph Okware, said the man’s body had been taken to the Nyimbwa Health Centre IV by relatives, after he was found dead in a store at Ndejje University on Friday.

“They wanted us to ascertain the cause of death since he is a resident of Kakute Village in Nyimbwa Sub-county, where there has been an Ebola outbreak. We handled the case carefully until we got information that the mourners had grabbed the body from our team.”

A special isolation centre for both the suspected and confirmed cases is being set up with the support from the Medecines Sans Frotiers, at Nyimbwa Health Centre IV, where patients are expected to be transferred to from Bombo Military Hospital on Monday (today).

In Nakasongola District, traditional healers have been banned from admitting patients whom they do not know following the Ebola outbreak which has claimed two lives in the neighbouring Luweero District.

This follows reports that an Ebola patient from Luweero may have been rushed to one of the traditional medicine men’s shrines in Nakasongola before she died. This has sparked off panic among local residents.

Tuesday, 20 November, 2012 at 04:00 UTC RSOE

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In experiments, they demonstrated that the virus was transmitted from pigs to monkeys without any direct contact between them.

 Growing concerns over ‘in the air’ transmission of Ebola (link)

Eating the same fruit as contaminated bats could possibly spread #ebola, scientist Travis Warren tells BBC Newsday

 

97 in US water park parasite epidemic

“97 people have reported cases of cryptosporidiosis since last month’s outbreak at Edgewater Resort and Water Park in Duluth, according to the Minnesota Department of Health.

22 of those cases have been confirmed in laboratories. Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) epidemiologist Trisha Robinson said the confirmed cases probably only represent a fraction of people who were actually sickened by the parasite. The investigation of the outbreak is still in progress.

“One different thing with cryptosporidiosis is the time from when a person is exposed to the time when they become sick can be as long as 2 weeks,” Robinsons said. “Pools were closed on 26 March, so we could still have people becoming ill 2 weeks after that, and their symptoms last anywhere from one to 2 weeks.” Another unrelated cryptosporidiosis outbreak in Brainerd [Minnesota] last month resulted in 36 reported cases, with one case being confirmed in a laboratory. The symptoms of cryptosporidiosis include stomach cramps, fevers or diarrhea. It can be contracted by swimming in infected water, contact with animals or even drinking raw unpasteurized milk. “The way that cryptosporidiosis is typically introduced into the water park, and which we believe is the instance in both of these cases, is that it comes in from an infected user,” Robinson said.

In 2011, there were 305 laboratory-confirmed cases of cryptosporidiosis, according to preliminary MDH numbers. Robinson said one person was hospitalized in each of the Brainerd and Duluth outbreaks. “It certainly can be more dangerous to those who are immune-compromised: the children, the very elderly, pregnant individuals,” Robinson said. “In Minnesota, we can see about 20 percent of individuals that would require hospitalization for this, so it is something that can cause very serious illness.” Robinson said that people who have been sick with diarrhea in the previous 2 weeks should avoid swimming in recreational waters.”

Monday, 23 April, 2012 at 06:04 (06:04 AM) UTC RSOE

Edgewater Resort and Waterpark