Colombia: Anthrax outbreak – El brote de Ántrax – 31 May 2012

Microscopic image of B. anthracis bacteria
and spores. (Source: CDC) (Click image for more about Anthrax)

One person has skin lesions and 16 animals have died in an anthrax outbreak in northern Colombia, near the Venezuelan border.

A notification on the website for the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) said the outbreak has affected two farms in the department of La Guajira.

Colombia’s Agriculture Ministry sent the information to the OIE on May 28.

The source of the deadly bacteria has not yet been determined, the report said.

One of the affected populations “belongs to an indigenous community in the department of La Guajira,” the notice states.

“The community has been informed of the protocol to be applied to dispose of the carcasses, mainly the fact that, under no circumstances, the dead animals must be neither manipulated nor consumed,” the report said.

Humans commonly contract anthrax through close contact with infected animals or eating ones that have died from the disease. “Susceptible species are being vaccinated.

An intense epidemiological surveillance is being conducted in the area together with the public health authorities,” the notification continued.

The animals will be also be quarantined in response to the outbreak.

Three goats, three sheep and two pigs have died from the outbreak on one farm.

Another five goats and two pigs have died on a separate farm. Anthrax, also used as a biological weapon, is caused by the spore-forming bacteria Bacillus anthracia, the OIE website states.

The disease causes dark ulcers on the skin of infected people when contracted from exposure to infected animals, and it occurs on all the continents.

Wednesday, 30 May, 2012 at 21:14 (09:14 PM) UTC RSOE

Colombia: El brote de �ntrax

Una persona tiene lesiones en la piel y de 16 animales han muerto en un brote de �ntrax en el norte de Colombia, cerca de la frontera con Venezuela.

Una notificaci�n en la p�gina web de la Organizaci�n Mundial de Sanidad Animal (OIE) dijo que el brote ha afectado a dos fincas en el departamento de La Guajira.

Agricultura de Colombia Ministerio envi� la informaci�n a la OIE el 28 de mayo.

La fuente de las bacterias mortales a�n no se ha determinado, seg�n el informe.

Una de las poblaciones afectadas “pertenece a una comunidad ind�gena en el departamento de La Guajira”, en el anuncio de los estados.

“La comunidad ha sido informada del protocolo que se aplicar� a disponer de los cad�veres, sobre todo el hecho de que, en ning�n caso, los animales muertos deben ser ni manipulado ni se destruye”, dijo el informe.

Los seres humanos normalmente contraer el �ntrax a trav�s del contacto estrecho con animales infectados o unos alimenticios que han muerto por la enfermedad. “Las especies sensibles est�n siendo vacunados.

Una intensa vigilancia epidemiol�gica se est� realizando en la zona junto con las autoridades de salud p�blica “, continu� la notificaci�n.

Los animales ser�n tambi�n ser puestos en cuarentena en respuesta al brote.

Tres cabras, ovejas y cerdos, dos tres han muerto por el brote en una granja.

Otros cinco cabras y dos cerdos han muerto en una finca independiente. �ntrax, tambi�n se utiliza como un arma biol�gica, es causada por el Bacillus anthracia bacterias formadoras de esporas, los estados de sitio web de la OIE.

La enfermedad causa �lceras oscuras en la piel de las personas infectadas cuando se contrae por exposici�n a animales infectados, y se produce en todos los continentes.

Mi�rcoles, 30 de mayo 2012 a las 21:14 (21:14) UTC RSOE

Ghana: 2 die in anthrax outbreak – fear farmers sold infected animals to food outlet

The chief of Googo in the Bawku West District of the Upper East Region, Naaba Akpaam Abugri, is alarmed that some farmers in the community whose animals died of anthrax sold such infected dead animals to a chop bar operator in the area.

Veterinary officers in the region, on Wednesday [25 Apr 2012], started the vaccination of cattle and other domestic animals except birdsb against anthrax, following the outbreak of the disease in that community which has claimed 2 human lives.

Although veterinary officers say 9 cows have died of the disease, Naaba Akpaam, briefed at Googo on Wednesday on the havoc caused by the disease, said about 30 cows and several donkeys,goats, sheep, and dogs had also died.

According to him, one of the farmers, who lost 8 cows, revealed that he had sold 6 of them to achop bar operator. Naaba Akpaam, who could not readily name the chop bar operator, and neither the specific location of the chop bar, said he had started making inquiries to know the owner and location of the bar, so that the remaining meat could be retrieved and destroyed to prevent the further spread of the disease.

He said some of the people who were infected with the disease had refused to be taken to the hospital,because they claimed if they went to the hospital and given injections, they would lose their lives.

The Upper East regional veterinary officer, Dr Thomas Anyorikeya, who is leading a team of veterinary personnel to carry out the vaccination exercise, disclosed that on Tuesday — day one of the exercise — 497 animals were vaccinated. They included 384 cattle, 86 sheep, 17 donkeys, 8 goats, and 5 dogs. On Thursday [26 Apr 2012], the 2nd day of the vaccination, 104 cattle were vaccinated by about 10:30 am. The number of the personnel on Thursday increased from 5 to 10, and they intended to vaccinate all the animals in the Googo community and adjoining ones such as Bazua and Sapelga.

Dr Anyorikeya was worried that for about 10 years now, no animals’census had been conducted. The annual animal census, which was being conducted by the Veterinary Service, provided a database of animals in the regions, districts, and communities, and helped in the operations of the service, including vaccinations.

Some of the personnel lamented that they did not have protective wear,such as gloves, wellington boots and overalls. This, they said,exposed them to risk in their line of operation.

The vaccination is expected to avert the further spread of the disease. Meanwhile, a ban on the movement of cattle has been imposed on the area.

Saturday, 28 April, 2012 at 09:29 (09:29 AM) UTC RSOE