Bullied Gay Teen Found Hanging In Playground Dies After Being Taken Off Life Support

Related:

LGBT: 1 in 4 young gay people assaulted in England, 47% threatened or intimidated New research 0411121840Z

Advertisements

The Hero from the Woods: The Unlikely Rescue of Shannon Lorio

Soul Bulbs

It was a day most likely like any other in 2010 when Shannon Lorio hopped in her car and headed off down a familiar road.  It was a winding rural road in Georgia she had probably travelled down more times than she could count.  But what she didn’t count on was her car fish-tailing on a tight curve taken too fast.  Having careened off the road, Shannon ended up being thrown partly through the back window of her car.  When she regained consciousness, injured and in a great deal of pain,she discovered she wasn’t alone.  An unlikely savior has appeared out of the woods and come to her side in the form of a stray dog.

The german shepherd jumped to the back of the car and cleaned the blood from Shannon’s face when she lost consciousness again.  The next thing she was aware of was the dog pulling her…

View original post 192 more words

Castlemartin firing notice February 13

Wales Air Forum

Live firing takes place at Castlemartin. Details are published under the Firing Notice link under Related pages.

Unscheduled firing may take place without prior warning, and firing may be cancelled without notice. Please ring 01646 662367 from 08:00hrs each day to hear the firing programme for that day.

The Pembrokeshire Coast Path passes through the Eastern side of the Range and is open to the public on non-firing days. Please keep to the road and footpath itself which is marked by white Posts. All other areas of the Range are OUT OF BOUNDS to the public.

Red flags (Red lights by night) will be displayed whenever the Range is active.

During non-firing times, the Range Danger Area is patrolled by serving military staff and in addition, troops under training are briefed to challenge any civilians they see on the range.

Live Firing Times Information

For further information on live firing…

View original post 219 more words

12 killed in coal mine accident in China

Coal Mountain

Twelve miners were killed and three others remained trapped in a private coal mine accident in northeast China on Wednesday.

Three miners were rescued as the work was still underway to save other three person trapped inside the mine in Heilongjiang province.

Those killed included three miners who entered the Yongsheng colliery to pump out water on Tuesday night, but poisonous gas caused them to faint, state-run Xinhua reported.

Rescuers were sent to the site, but some of them were also affected by the toxic gas.

Rescuers said the poisonous gas may have been carbon monoxide.

*

http://www.ndtv.com/article/world/12-killed-in-coal-mine-accident-in-china-324265

View original post

South Africa: Train packed with schoolchildren and commuters crashed into another full train near Pretoria, injuring up to 300 people – initial reports – 310113 1445z

A passenger train packed with schoolchildren and rush-hour commuters has rammed into another full train near the South African capital Pretoria, injuring up to 300 people, medics say.

(Photo: cache.daylife.com) Rescuers work on the site of a train accident near Kalefong station, Attridgeville, in the west of Pretoria on January 31, 2013

The accident took place before 8.00am (1700 AEDT) on Thursday when a commuter train heading from the suburbs to the capital ploughed into the stationary train on the same track.

Medical workers said up to 300 people had been treated for various degrees of injury.

“We do have 20 seriously injured,” said Johan Pieterse of Tshwane Emergency Services.

“Both of the trains were full of commuters and between them were lots of school children on the way to school,” said Pieterse.

“We counted about 50 plus children,” he added. At least three people were said to be in a “critical” condition, according to Chris Botha, a spokesman for emergency services provider Netcare.

“The people who were critically injured suffered multiple injuries to the body,” said Botha.

At least one person was airlifted to the nearby Milpark Hospital, others were taken by ambulance and many were treated at the scene.

Rescue workers struggled to cut away the tangled wreckage of the trains to free the passengers.

One of the train drivers was freed from the carriage after he was trapped for two hours.

“He’s critical at this stage,” said Pieterse.

The trains were operated by Metrorail, the country’s rail system in cities.

The cause of the accident is unknown. “At this stage we do not want to speculate,” said Metrorail spokeswoman Lillian Mofokeng.

It is just the latest serious rail accident to hit South Africa’s urban rail network.

Thursday, 31 January, 2013 at 12:22 UTC RSOE

More details from iafrica.com:

Sabotage cause of train crash?

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 12:03 PM

“Two passenger trains packed with school children and rush-hour commuters collided near the South African capital Pretoria on Thursday, injuring up to 300 people in a crash the authorities blamed on cable theft.

The crash took place at around 7.10 am (0510 GMT) when a commuter train heading from the suburbs to the capital ploughed into a stationary train on the same track.

Medical workers said up to 300 people have been treated for various degrees of injury.

“Two are critically injured, one driver and one passenger” and there are 19 seriously injured, said Mosenngwa Mofi, chief executive officer of railway operator PRASA.

It was not immediately known how many children were injured.

“Both of the trains were full of commuters and between them were lots of school children on the way to school,” said Johan Pieterse of Tshwane Emergency Services. “We counted about 50 plus children.”

Every day around 20 000 people use the blue line between the residential suburb of Kalafong and central Pretoria.

Rescue workers initially struggled to cut away the tangled wreckage of the trains to free the passengers.

One of the train drivers was freed from the carriage where he was trapped for two hours.

“He’s critical at this stage,” said Pieterse.

Police and railway investigators looking into the cause of the crash zeroed in on the theft of 25 metres (yards) of copper cable linked to the signalling system.

The removal of the cable forced drivers to switch to manual operations, which require a control centre to tell drivers if a section of track is clear before they can proceed.

“What could have led directly to the accident is still subject to investigation,” said Mofi. “Cable theft is the root cause of the accident.”

While cable theft is common in South Africa, Mofi speculated that the motive may not have been to get the valuable copper.

He said striking railworkers may have been responsible for removing the cable, as part of a pattern of sabotage seen in an industrial dispute with the owners.

“We do have a strong suspicion that it is linked with the current strike,” said Mofi. “During the strike there have been serious acts of sabotage.”

Transport Minister Ben Martins did not rule out sabotage, but said the police and justice department are investigating.

“It is time to see cable theft as an attempted homicide or attempted murder,” he said.

The crash is the latest serious rail accident to hit South Africa’s ageing urban rail network.

In 2011, 857 commuters were injured in Johannesburg’s Soweto township when a passenger train smashed into a stationary train during the peak rush-hour period.

PRASA has itself described its passengers as “travelling like cattle”.

Over 90 percent of commuter trains in South Africa date back to more than 50 years, the most recent dating from 1986.

The network is currently undergoing a major revamp to upgrade its fleet, spending 123-billion rand ($14-billion, 10-billion euros) over 20 years.”

Meanwhile Business Day Live says 20 people were seriously injured and 150 were “walking injured”.

“A METRORAIL train driver was critically injured when two passenger trains collided in Pretoria on Thursday, Tshwane emergency services said.

A helicopter airlifted him to a nearby hospital at 9am, emergency services spokesman Johan Pieterse said.

Mr Pieterse said 20 people were seriously injured in the crash that occurred at about 7am, and 150 were “walking injured”.

Police at the scene said one of the trains was stopped on the railway line between Cor Delfos and Saulsville, when it was rammed from behind by another.

Among other things damaged were the power lines on top of the trains.

Earlier, Mr Pieterse said the railway line between Cor Delfos and Saulsville had been completely closed because of the accident.” – bdlive.co.za

Prasa investigating cause of Pretoria train crash, with cable theft a possible factor

“THE cause of an accident involving two trains near the Kalafong railway station in Pretoria on Thursday morning is not known, the Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa (Prasa) said.

A Metrorail train driver was critically injured when a passenger train rammed into the back of another, stationary train on the railway line between Cor Delfos and Saulsville.

“The cause of the accident is not known at this moment. However, we can confirm we experienced cable theft in the early hours of this morning. As a result the automated signal was off. The trains were operated manually,” Prasa rail operations CEO Mosenngwa Mofi said.

“We have prioritised giving care to the commuters and employees who were on both trains … and we would like to wish them a speedy recovery,” he said.

Mr Mofi said technicians were repairing the damage. One line would be operating for the afternoon peak.

A board of inquiry would be instituted to investigate the cause of the crash, which caused about R22m in damage to infrastructure and rolling stock. Among other things damaged were the power lines on top of the trains.

The critically injured driver was airlifted to a nearby hospital, Tshwane emergency services spokesman Johan Pieterse said. Twenty people were seriously injured in the crash around 7am, and 150 were “walking injured”.

Earlier, Mr Pieterse said the railway line between Cor Delfos and Saulsville was completely closed because of the accident.

Transport Minister Ben Martins visited the scene. He and an entourage, which included provincial transport officials, walked on the railway lines towards the wreckage of the trains.

On Thursday, the railway service from Pretoria to Saulsville was stopping at Electro station, with a shuttle bus service to and from Saulsville station.” – bdlive.co.za

And finally, from the BBC

South Africa commuter trains collide near Pretoria

BBC NEWS 31 January 2013 Last updated at 11:38

Train crash

At least 300 people, including many schoolchildren, have been injured when two passenger trains collided near the South African capital, Pretoria, officials say.

Medical workers say 28 people were seriously hurt.

The theft of cables used for signalling, compounded by human error, caused the crash, said the head of South Africa’s rail authority.

South Africa is in the process of overhauling of its ageing rail network.

The early morning accident happened when a train crashed into a stationary train near Attridgeville, a township west of Pretoria.

“Both of the trains were full of commuters and between them were lots of schoolchildren on the way to school,” a spokesman for the regional emergency services told the AFP news agency.

A helicopter has airlifted one of the train drivers to a nearby hospital after he was trapped in the wreckage for two hours.

A spokesman for the local emergency services told the BBC it had transported more than 200 people, three of whom were critical, while 19 had serious injuries.

The private Netcare 911 service said it had assisted 100 people, with three critical and three more seriously injured.

The injured have all been taken to hospitals in Pretoria and Johannesburg.

“When cables are stolen it affects our signalling system,” said rail authority head Mosenngwa Mofi.

“We then move to what we call manual operations.”

In 2011, at least 800 people were injured when a speeding train hit a stationary one near the township of Soweto.

 

UK: Memories of the great flood of 1953 – 310113 1310z

The Great Flood of 1953

(Photo: canveyisland.org)
Canvey Island

“In the early 1950s Europe was still recovering from six years of war. Rationing of certain items was still in force. Hardly anyone owned a television set and a telephone was considered a luxury that ordinary working-class people could not afford. Communication with the outside world was therefore minimal; people learned about the news via the radio set or from reading days-old newspapers. Most people were still trying to get their lives back on track; some wives were welcoming back repatriated husbands who had changed beyond recognition. Some men couldn’t adjust to life back in ‘Civvy Street’. Family life was a struggle as people had to cope by themselves as best they could: there were no Samaritans to call, and no such thing as counselling for bereavement1. Neighbours relied upon each other and doors were rarely locked. Significantly, there were no social plans in place in the event of severe storms at sea affecting populated coastal areas. Nor were there any emergency procedures in place which would alert the authorities to evacuate people at risk of flood in advance.

(Photo: floodsite.net) Thames Pilot Site

Storm Surges

A storm surge happens when the wind pushes the sea towards the coast, with low air pressure2, wind direction and high tide being significant factors. Between 31 January and 1 February, 1953, a storm surge occurred over the North Sea. The sea level rose by several metres, causing severe flooding to low-lying coastal areas, particularly eastern England, Scotland, Belgium and The Netherlands. It took four days for the flood water to recede, and there was widespread sewage damage. This ‘once-in-250-year event’ was responsible for thousands of deaths and colossal destruction of property. It has been described as ‘the worst national peacetime disaster to hit the UK’. US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration scientists placed the 1953 gale into the top 15 of the most significant meteorological events of the 20th Century.

The Human Cost

Thousands of people lost their lives: many of them drowning in their own beds. The first to die were the crew of a working trawler, the Michael Griffiths from Fleetwood, Lancashire, which sank without trace off the Outer Hebrides; all hands were lost. The Princess Victoria ferry abandoned ship off Belfast and over 130 passengers and crew drowned in the Irish Sea. The Netherlands, with many people living in areas below sea-level, suffered the greatest human toll: 1,836 people were killed during that dreadful night. In Belgium another 22 people died. Lincolnshire was one of the most badly affected areas of the UK, with waves over six metres high battering sea defences all along the east coast. Of the 307 people who were killed in England that night, 43 of them died in Lincolnshire. Not one home in the seaside town of Cleethorpes escaped the deluge, and the railway embankment was enveloped. The length of promenade stretching from Cleethorpes Pier to Wonderland was destroyed. A miracle occurred in Lowestoft: families whose homes were flooded headed for a local church and not one person was killed nor even seriously injured.

(Photo: news.bbcimg.co.uk)

The floodwater reached more than two miles inland in England, and hurricane force winds were registered at Felixstowe in Suffolk, where 39 deaths were recorded. Some of these were entire families, swept away after they had scrambled onto the anticipated safety of the roof of their single-storey homes. Violet Sparrow of Felixstowe saved the lives of her own three children then went to the aid of elderly neighbours, practically pushing them up into her loft to join the children. Her husband, who had been on coastguard duty, arrived home later the following day. Fearing the worst, he shouted their names. The children heard him and shouted back, and he helped rescue them all from their refuge. Another family thought they were safe sheltering in their loft. The mother took four children up into the loft, and the father managed to manipulate the pram containing baby Keith as far up as he could carry it. The pram couldn’t be hoisted up onto the rafters, and as both parents had to hold two children each to prevent them from falling, the decision was made to let the pram float on top of the flood water. Hours later they realised the baby was very quiet, and when they checked him, the distraught parents found he had succumbed to the cold and he could not be revived.

(Photo: bhgsltd.co.uk)

The fierce winds brought down telephone lines in Norfolk and Lincolnshire so there was no way to warn those living further south of the ravaging storm headed their way. Waves breached the banks of The Wash, and the town of King’s Lynn lost 15 inhabitants. Another 66 people died in Heacham, the neighbouring village. When the storm surge reached its peak the tide was 8ft (2.5m) higher than was usual. In Essex coastal regions, 95 people perished in the Clacton-on-Sea and Canvey Island areas.

(Photo: canveyisland.org)

In East London more people drowned when over a thousand homes were deluged. The floodwater reached as far as the embankments in Victoria and Chelsea. The Thames and the River Lea burst their banks: only the fact that the storm was abating prevented the engulfment of the London Underground.

(Photo: thisislincolnshire.co.uk)

One Lincolnshire survivor, Gertrude Trevethick of Sea Lane, Saltfleet, later wrote in her diary about the ‘night of horror and fear’ when the sea flooded her family home. Her husband carried their children upstairs to safety while she gathered tins of food, clothes and a kettle. With the children all huddled together in one bed, Mr and Mrs Trevethick then watched helplessly from the bedroom window as the sea consumed their neighbours’ bungalows. The Trevethicks lost three friends that dreadful night, Mrs Clayton, Mrs Millward and Mr Frost, who all drowned. She recorded how Saltfleet farmer Herb Horton recovered his own father’s body and dispatched his mother off to hospital, then worked on all through the night, using his tractor to rescue trapped people and transporting them to safety.

No doubt there were many unsung heroes on the night of the great flood. Five people, however, were awarded the George Medal for their bravery and gallantry.

(Photo: eadt.co.uk)

Four of them were two Lincolnshire policemen, a fireman from Great Yarmouth and an American serviceman. The other was Reis Leeming, a 22-year-old stationed at the US air base at Sculthorpe, Norfolk, who battled through the night in a small rubber dingy to rescue 27 trapped people. Eventually the young airman collapsed with exhaustion and thought he was going to die himself as he was suffering from severe hypothermia. He awoke in hospital to the news that 31 people from the air base and family accommodations had died, 16 of them were American citizens. A fleet of haulage vehicles carrying 30 rowing boats was dispatched to Sutton-on-Sea but they could not reach the cut-off village, the swollen sea barred their way for a mile and a half (2.4km). Rescue attempts had to be put on hold until the Army arrived with specialist vehicles.

The Safe’s Safe

Before the Army could leave after they had done all they could to assist the rescue effort, the manager of Lloyds Bank Sutton-on-Sea branch, which was completely submerged, requested their help with the removal of the bank safe, (which contained about £ 5,000), to their branch in Alford. This task was accomplished using a winch, a ramp, a flat-back lorry and lots of manpower.

Aftermath

The economic impact of the storm surge was enormous: ships, including trawlers, were sunk and livelihoods lost. Many herds of cattle drowned; huge areas of low-lying arable land flooded and became unsuitable for crop-growing for many years afterwards due to contamination. Over a hundred roads, including 11 major routes, were impassable and 200 miles of railway was cut off in England alone. Fresh water stored underground was polluted with sea water. Many thousands of homes that were flooded could not be repaired, so they had to be demolished, meaning tens of thousands of survivors of the flood were displaced.

Affected people were devastated at the unbearable loss and destruction, and some locals never recovered from crushed spirits and broken hearts. A stressed Cleethorpes grocery shop owner, having surveyed the uninsured ruined stock, never went back, and his abandoned shop was sold the following year3. The railway track, which terminated at Cleethorpes Station, was relaid. New sea defences were erected and the promenade replaced. The entire promenade received a make-over in a modernisation programme during the 1990s.

The British Conservative government, headed by Prime Minister Anthony Eden, instigated the rebuilding of sea defences where they had existed and instructed the building of new flood protection. The Met Office established the ‘Storm Tide Forecasting Service’ which provided details of tidal surges and forecasts of wave activity over the next 24 hour period. The Queen, who was staying at Sandringham in Norfolk at the time of the devastation, visited nearby Hunstanton. The Duchess of Gloucester, representing the Queen, met with dignitaries and local survivors at Alford in Lincolnshire.

In The Netherlands, attention was focused on the closure of the dykes which had failed to give protection to the people living in areas below sea-level. The Deltawerken (Delta Plan) was conceived with the intention of preventing such a repeat of the tragic 1953 disaster. (see video below)

In London, planning for the Thames Barrier began, but was only completed in 1982, 29 years after the disaster. It

(Photo: 21stcenturychallenges.org) Thames Barrier

protects 45 sq miles (116.5 sq km) of the capital which is vulnerable to the risk of flooding. This should last until 2070; it’s hoped that a new barrier at Long Reach will be in place by then. The National Rivers Authority was created in 1989 to take charge of flood defences in England and Wales. When the Environment Agency was formed in 1996, they became responsible for flood defences and warnings over the entire UK. In 2003, HRH the Duke of Edinburgh unveiled a plaque in Mablethorpe, Lincolnshire, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the 1953 great flood.

Wallasea Wetlands

One of the last4 areas to be cleared after the flooding, Wallasea Island near Burnham-on-Crouch, Essex, has since been turned into The Wallasea Island Wild Coast Project, the UK’s largest man-made wetland. The UK Government had allowed the Lappel Bank cargo terminal to be developed in the 1990s, destroying the wetlands and marshes in the Medway estuary in Kent in the process, even though they were protected under the European Union’s Birds’ Directive. Following an upheld challenge by the RSPB (Royal Society for the Protection of Birds), the European Court ruled that the Government had acted illegally, so the Wallasea Wetlands Creation Project was undertaken to make amends for the loss. The UK Government spent £ 7.5m on ‘coastal engineering’ to create a new habitat of 115 hectares of salt marsh, mudflats, saltwater lakes and seven created islands for many wading birds like lapwings, oystercatchers and avocets.

 

The Future

Environment Agency Flood Warnings
(Click image to visit EA)

No-one can predict the next major meteorological event but in the 21st Century we have the benefit of instant communication and 24-hour rolling news services via television and the Internet. People living in flood-risk areas can access information for their locality and make preparations in the event of such a devastating scenario recurring.

There’s no doubt that storms and resulting floods will continue to affect coastal regions, but hopefully not at the cost of multiple human lives.

With climate change as an additional factor, surges will happen more often, and the risk is increasing. The return period for a 1.5m surge in the North Sea the interval over which you’d expect it to happen again at least once is 120 years at the moment. By the 2080s we expect a 1.5m storm surge could happen in the North Sea at least once every seven years. But our warning systems are a lot better than they were then, so loss of life on the scale of 1953 is pretty unlikely.
– Sean Clarke of the UK Met Office, speaking in 2003


1 In February 1952 the UK and Commonwealth reeled with shock at the unexpected death of King George VI, a frail, cancer-stricken man whose refusal to leave London during the Blitz endeared him and his family to the nation. The tragedy catapulted his daughter Princess Elizabeth to the throne and Queen Elizabeth, whom Adolf Hitler once described as ‘the most dangerous woman in Europe’ because she was held in such high regard, was relegated to the role of Queen Mother.
2 If air pressure decreases by one millibar, sea level rises by one centimetre.
3 His shop on the corner of Warneford Road and Oxford Street was sold unseen as a ‘thriving business opportunity’ to a couple from Leeds, Yorkshire, who were unaware of the unrepaired flood damage. They had to rebuild and decorate before they could open for business.
4 Sometime during the 1970s.” – BBC News (photos inserted from other sources)

Videos

The sea surges above the coast, flooding whole areas of East Anglia. It is the worst disaster in peacetime Britain. Using rare, original film, discover the stories behind the disastrous floods of East Anglia.

Sixty years ago, on 31 January and 1 February 1953, over 300 people died in flooding on the East Coast of England. Today such floods are predicted by a warning system implemented after the 1953 flood. Flooding is expected to get worse due to climate change.
Dr Anna Carlsson Hyslop from the Department of Sociology tells us more:

Netherlands

An old film about the Dutch Watersnood in 1953 and the abundant international help we received.
It ends with a short speech from queen Juliana.

Tropical Cyclone 13S (#Felleng)(SS-TS) 010900Z nr 21.7S 50.8E, moving SSE at 06 Kts(JTWC) – 010213 1210z

(Image: wunderground.com) Five Day Forecast Map (Click image for source)
(Image: JTWC) TC track (Click image for source)
(Image: wunderground.com) Storm-Centered Satellite Image (Click image for source)

Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC)

WTXS31 PGTW 010900
MSGID/GENADMIN/JOINT TYPHOON WRNCEN PEARL HARBOR HI//
SUBJ/TROPICAL CYCLONE 13S (FELLENG) WARNING NR 013//
RMKS/
1. TROPICAL CYCLONE 13S (FELLENG) WARNING NR 013
01 ACTIVE TROPICAL CYCLONE IN SOUTHIO
MAX SUSTAINED WINDS BASED ON ONE-MINUTE AVERAGE
WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY

WARNING POSITION:
010600Z — NEAR 21.3S 50.7E
MOVEMENT PAST SIX HOURS – 165 DEGREES AT 06 KTS
POSITION ACCURATE TO WITHIN 060 NM
POSITION BASED ON CENTER LOCATED BY SATELLITE
PRESENT WIND DISTRIBUTION:
MAX SUSTAINED WINDS – 060 KT, GUSTS 075 KT
WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY
RADIUS OF 050 KT WINDS – 050 NM NORTHEAST QUADRANT
050 NM SOUTHEAST QUADRANT
040 NM SOUTHWEST QUADRANT
040 NM NORTHWEST QUADRANT
RADIUS OF 034 KT WINDS – 125 NM NORTHEAST QUADRANT
125 NM SOUTHEAST QUADRANT
110 NM SOUTHWEST QUADRANT
110 NM NORTHWEST QUADRANT
REPEAT POSIT: 21.3S 50.7E

FORECASTS:
12 HRS, VALID AT:
011800Z — 23.0S 51.0E
MAX SUSTAINED WINDS – 060 KT, GUSTS 075 KT
WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY
RADIUS OF 050 KT WINDS – 085 NM NORTHEAST QUADRANT
085 NM SOUTHEAST QUADRANT
075 NM SOUTHWEST QUADRANT
075 NM NORTHWEST QUADRANT
RADIUS OF 034 KT WINDS – 135 NM NORTHEAST QUADRANT
135 NM SOUTHEAST QUADRANT
115 NM SOUTHWEST QUADRANT
115 NM NORTHWEST QUADRANT
VECTOR TO 24 HR POSIT: 170 DEG/ 09 KTS

24 HRS, VALID AT:
020600Z — 24.7S 51.3E
MAX SUSTAINED WINDS – 055 KT, GUSTS 070 KT
WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY
RADIUS OF 050 KT WINDS – 080 NM NORTHEAST QUADRANT
080 NM SOUTHEAST QUADRANT
075 NM SOUTHWEST QUADRANT
075 NM NORTHWEST QUADRANT
RADIUS OF 034 KT WINDS – 130 NM NORTHEAST QUADRANT
130 NM SOUTHEAST QUADRANT
110 NM SOUTHWEST QUADRANT
110 NM NORTHWEST QUADRANT
VECTOR TO 36 HR POSIT: 165 DEG/ 10 KTS

36 HRS, VALID AT:
021800Z — 26.6S 51.8E
MAX SUSTAINED WINDS – 055 KT, GUSTS 070 KT
WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY
RADIUS OF 050 KT WINDS – 075 NM NORTHEAST QUADRANT
075 NM SOUTHEAST QUADRANT
070 NM SOUTHWEST QUADRANT
070 NM NORTHWEST QUADRANT
RADIUS OF 034 KT WINDS – 125 NM NORTHEAST QUADRANT
125 NM SOUTHEAST QUADRANT
105 NM SOUTHWEST QUADRANT
105 NM NORTHWEST QUADRANT
VECTOR TO 48 HR POSIT: 160 DEG/ 08 KTS

EXTENDED OUTLOOK:
48 HRS, VALID AT:
030600Z — 28.2S 52.4E
MAX SUSTAINED WINDS – 050 KT, GUSTS 065 KT
WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY
BECOMING EXTRATROPICAL
RADIUS OF 050 KT WINDS – 070 NM NORTHEAST QUADRANT
070 NM SOUTHEAST QUADRANT
065 NM SOUTHWEST QUADRANT
065 NM NORTHWEST QUADRANT
RADIUS OF 034 KT WINDS – 120 NM NORTHEAST QUADRANT
120 NM SOUTHEAST QUADRANT
100 NM SOUTHWEST QUADRANT
100 NM NORTHWEST QUADRANT
VECTOR TO 72 HR POSIT: 160 DEG/ 09 KTS

72 HRS, VALID AT:
040600Z — 31.6S 53.8E
MAX SUSTAINED WINDS – 045 KT, GUSTS 055 KT
WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY
BECOMING EXTRATROPICAL
RADIUS OF 034 KT WINDS – 110 NM NORTHEAST QUADRANT
110 NM SOUTHEAST QUADRANT
090 NM SOUTHWEST QUADRANT
090 NM NORTHWEST QUADRANT
VECTOR TO 96 HR POSIT: 145 DEG/ 13 KTS

LONG RANGE OUTLOOK:

96 HRS, VALID AT:
050600Z — 35.8S 57.3E
MAX SUSTAINED WINDS – 035 KT, GUSTS 045 KT
WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY
EXTRATROPICAL

REMARKS:
010900Z POSITION NEAR 21.7S 50.8E.
TROPICAL CYCLONE (TC) 13S (FELLENG), LOCATED APPROXIMATELY 275 NM
WEST OF LA REUNION, HAS TRACKED SOUTH-SOUTHEASTWARD AT 06 KNOTS OVER
THE PAST SIX HOURS. ANIMATED MULTISPECTRAL SATELLITE IMAGERY REVEALS
A SLIGHT WEAKENING IN THE DIURNALLY FLARING CONVECTION, BUT DESPITE
THE STRONG TO MODERATE (20 TO 30 KNOTS) VERTICAL WIND SHEAR (VWS),
HAS BEEN ABLE TO MAINTAIN ORGANIZATION. A 010433Z SSMIS 37GHZ
MICROWAVE IMAGE CONTINUES TO REVEAL A SMALL MICROWAVE EYE FEATURE
WHILE DEEP CONVECTION IS CONFINED TO THE EASTERN SEMI-CIRCLE AND
BANDING CONTINUES TO PERSIST IN THE EASTERN PERIPHERIES. THERE IS
HIGH CONFIDENCE IN THE INITIAL POSITION BASED UPON THE MICROWAVE EYE
FEATURE IN THE MICROWAVE IMAGERY. THE INITIAL INTENSITY IS ASSESSED
AT 60 KNOTS WHICH IS SLIGHTLY LOWER THAN CONGRUENT DVORAK CURRENT
INTENSITY ESTIMATES OF 60 KNOTS FROM PGTW AND KNES, DUE TO THE
SLIGHT WEAKENING IN THE CONVECTION. UPPER-LEVEL ANALYSIS CONTINUES
TO REVEAL THE STRONG TO MODERATE VWS WHILE POLEWARD AND EQUATORWARD
OUTLFLOW REMAINS ROBUST. TC 13S IS CURRENTLY TRACKING SOUTH-
SOUTHEASTWARD ALONG THE WESTERN PERIPHERY OF A SUBTROPICAL STEERING
RIDGE (STR), POSITIONED TO THE EAST. THE SYSTEM SHOULD CONTINUE TO
THIS TRACK THROUGH TAU 72 AND THEN WILL BEGIN TO TURN SOUTHEASTWARD
AS IT ROUNDS THE SOUTHERN PERIPHERY OF THE STR AND APPROACHES THE
MIDLATITUDE WESTERLIES. TC 13S IS EXPECTED TO WEAKEN THROUGH THE
FORECAST PERIOD AS THE FAVORABLE OUTFLOW IS OFFSET BY THE
INCREASINGLY STRONG VWS ASSOCIATED WITH AN APPROACHING SHORTWAVE
TROUGH AND ALSO TRACKS OVER COOLER SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURES, WHICH
SHARPLY DROPS BELOW 26 DEGREES CELSIUS POLEWARD OF 30S. THE SYSTEM
IS ALSO FORECAST TO BEGIN EXTRA-TROPICAL TRANSITION (ETT) NEAR TAU
48 AND SHOULD COMPLETE ETT BY TAU 96 AS IT BECOMES EMBEDDED IN THE
MIDLATITUDE WESTERLIES. DYNAMIC MODEL GUIDANCE REMAINS IN TIGHT
AGREEMENT, THEREFORE, THE JTWC FORECAST IS POSITIONED CLOSE TO THE
MULTI-MODEL CONSENSUS WITH HIGH CONFIDENCE. MAXIMUM SIGNIFICANT WAVE
HEIGHT AT 010600Z IS 26 FEET. NEXT WARNINGS AT 012100Z AND 020900Z.//
NNNN

Tracking Info For Tropical Cyclone Felleng

Time Lat Lon Wind(mph) Storm type
-
112 GMT 01/26/13 12.9S 65.5E 40 Tropical Storm
00 GMT 01/27/13 13.6S 63.9E 40 Tropical Storm
12 GMT 01/27/13 13.6S 62.3E 40 Tropical Storm
00 GMT 01/28/13 13.2S 59.9E 40 Tropical Storm
12 GMT 01/28/13 13.3S 58.4E 50 Tropical Storm
00 GMT 01/29/13 13.5S 56.5E 75 Category 1
12 GMT 01/29/13 14.1S 54.9E 105 Category 2
00 GMT 01/30/13 14.7S 53.8E 120 Category 3
12 GMT 01/30/13 16.2S 52.6E 135 Category 4
18 GMT 01/30/13 17S 52.2E 120 Category 3
06 GMT 01/31/13 18.2S 51.1E 100 Category 2
18 GMT 01/31/13 20S 50.5E 80 Category 1
06 GMT 02/01/13 21.3S 50.7E 70 Tropical Storm

(Credit: wunderground.com)

==================================================

(Image: meteo.fr) TC trajectoire (Click image for source)

BULLETIN DU 01 FEVRIER A 13H01 LOCALES:

PRE-ALERTE CYCLONIQUE EN COURS.
**************************************************

NATURE DU SYSTEME DEPRESSIONNAIRE TROPICAL MENACANT LA REUNION:

FORTE TEMPETE TROPICALE FELLENG

PRESSION ESTIMEE AU CENTRE : 973 HPA
POSITION LE 01 FEVRIER A 13 HEURES LOCALES:
21.5 SUD / 50.7 EST
(VINGT UN DEGRES CINQ SUD ET CINQUANTE DEGRES SEPT EST)

DISTANCE DES COTES REUNIONNAISES :
470 KM AU SECTEUR: OUEST
DEPLACEMENT: SUD A 11 KM/H

VOICI LES INTENSITES ET POSITIONS PREVUES DE CE SYSTEME DEPRESSIONNAIRE
AU COURS DES PROCHAINS JOURS:

FORTE TEMPETE TROPICALE,
CENTRE POSITIONNE LE 02/02 A 10H LOCALES PAR: 24.8 S / 51.1 E

FORTE TEMPETE TROPICALE,
CENTRE POSITIONNE LE 03/02 A 10H LOCALES PAR: 28.1 S / 52.7 E

DEPRESSION EXTRATROPICALE,
CENTRE POSITIONNE LE 04/02 A 10H LOCALES PAR: 31.4 S / 53.8 E

DEPRESSION EXTRATROPICALE,
CENTRE POSITIONNE LE 05/02 A 10H LOCALES PAR: 36.1 S / 57.0 E

DEPRESSION EXTRATROPICALE,
CENTRE POSITIONNE LE 06/02 A 10H LOCALES PAR: 41.1 S / 66.9 E

ATTENTION: LES PREVISIONS DE TRAJECTOIRE ET D’INTENSITE PRECEDENTES SONT
A CONSIDERER AVEC LA PLUS GRANDE PRUDENCE COMPTE TENU DE LEUR
INCERTITUDE. ELLES NE CONCERNENT QUE LA POSITION DU CENTRE DU
PHENOMENE, SANS CONSIDERATION SUR SON EXTENSION.

LES PROCHAINES PREVISIONS COMPLETES SUR CE SYSTEME SERONT ELABOREES DANS 3 HEURES.

————————————————-

CE BULLETIN EST A PRESENT TERMINE. REACTUALISATION A 16H30

 

-

 

BULLETIN FROM 01 FEBRUARY TO LOCAL 1:01 p.m.:

PRE-ALERT CYCLONE DURING.
**************************************************

NATURE OF TROPICAL LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM THREATENING THE MEETING:

SEVERE TROPICAL STORM Felleng

PRESSURE ESTIMATED CENTER: 973 HPA
POSITION ON 01 FEBRUARY TO 13 HOURS LOCAL:
SOUTH 21.5 / 50.7 IS
(TWENTY ONE DECIMAL FIVE DEGREES SOUTH AND FIFTY SEVEN IS)

DISTANCE FROM COAST Reunion:
470 KM AREA: WEST
MOVEMENT: SOUTH 11 KM / H

THE FOLLOWING POSITIONS AND INTENSITY OF THE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM SET
OVER THE NEXT FEW DAYS:

SEVERE TROPICAL STORM,
CENTRE POSITIONS ON 02/02 10H BY LOCAL: 24.8 S / 51.1 E

SEVERE TROPICAL STORM,
POSITIONING THE CENTRE 03/02 10H BY LOCAL: 28.1 S / 52.7 E

DEPRESSION EXTRATROPICAL,
CENTRE POSITIONS ON 04/02 10H BY LOCAL: 31.4 S / 53.8 E

DEPRESSION EXTRATROPICAL,
POSITIONING THE CENTRE 05/02 10H BY LOCAL: 36.1 S / 57.0 E

DEPRESSION EXTRATROPICAL,
POSITIONING THE CENTRE 06/02 10H BY LOCAL: 41.1 S / 66.9 E

WARNING: THE FORECAST TRACK AND INTENSITY ARE PREVIOUS
CONSIDER WITH EXTREME CAUTION IN VIEW OF THEIR
UNCERTAINTY. THEY RELATE TO THE CENTRE OF
PHENOMENON, WITHOUT REGARD TO ITS EXTENSION.

FUTURE FORECASTS ON THIS SYSTEM WILL BE COMPLETED IN 3 HOURS WORKED.

————————————————-

THIS BULLETIN IS NOW COMPLETE. UPDATING A 4:30 p.m.

 

 

TSR logoS Indian Ocean: Storm Alert issued at31 Jan, 201318:00 GMT GMT

Tropical Cyclone FELLENG (13S) currently located near 20.0 S 50.5 E is forecast to strike land to the following likelihood(s) at the given lead time(s):

Yellow Alert Country(s) or Province(s)
Madagascar
probability for TS is 90% currently
Yellow Alert City(s) and Town(s)
Vatomandry (19.3 S, 48.9 E)
probability for TS is 85% currently
Nosy-Varika (20.6 S, 48.5 E)
probability for TS is 70% within 12 hours
Toamasina (18.2 S, 49.4 E)
probability for TS is 60% currently

Note that

Yellow Alert (Elevated) is CAT 1 or above to between 10% and 30% probability, or TS to above 50% probability.
CAT 1 means Tropical Cyclone strength winds of at least 74 mph, 119 km/h or 64 knots 1-min sustained.
TS means Tropical Storm strength winds of at least 39 mph, 63 km/h or 34 knots 1-min sustained.

For graphical forecast information and further details please visit http://www.tropicalstormrisk.com/

Overnight wind speeds – Wednesday 30 January

Official blog of the Met Office news team

Following Met Office amber weather warnings for wind in some parts of the UK yesterday, some high gust speeds were recorded late last night and into the early hours of the morning. The highest gust speed at lower levels was recorded at Fair Isle, Shetland which saw speeds of 86 mph this morning, while the highest gust recorded at a mountain site was 135 mph at Cairngorm Summit.

Max gust speed at lower level sites

Date/time Site name Area Elevation Max Gust Speed (mph)
30/01/2013 06:00 Fair Isle Shetland        57 86
30/01/2013 05:00 Lerwick Shetland        82 84
30/01/2013 07:00 Kirkwall    Orkney          26 82
30/01/2013 01:00 Loch Glascarnoch    Ross & Comarty 269 79
30/01/2013 01:00 Stornoway Airport Western Isles 15 78
30/01/2013 04:00 Wick Airport  Caithness    36 75
30/01/2013 00:00 South Uist Range   Western Isles 4 75
30/01/2013 00:00 Tain Range Ross & Cromarty 4 70
30/01/2013 05:00 Altnaharra Sutherland   81 68

View original post 88 more words

Estimated 95% of Timbuktu’s ancient manuscripts safe and sound, experts now say – 300113 1310z

Two archivists, Aboubakar Yaro (left) and Alphamoye Djeite (right), study ancient manuscripts in a library in the Malian town of Djenne. (Yaro is wearing a mask to protect him from dust.) They are cataloguing the manuscripts as part of a British Library project to digitize copies of 200,000 manuscript pages in Djenne. Similar manuscripts in Timbuktu are under serious threat because Malis north has been captured by Islamist militants who have already destroyed some of Timbuktus cultural treasures. (Geoffrey York /The Globe and Mail)

(Reuters) The vast majority of Timbuktus ancient manuscripts in state and private collections appear to be unharmed after the Malian Saharan citys 10-month occupation by Islamist rebel fighters, who burnt some of the scripts, experts said on Wednesday.

The news, based on information from persons directly involved with the conservation of the historic texts, came as a relief to the worlds cultural community which had been dismayed by varying media reports of widespread destruction of the priceless manuscripts.

After French and Malian troops on Sunday retook Timbuktu, a UNESCO World Heritage site and ancient seat of Islamic learning, from Islamist insurgent occupiers, the citys mayor reported the fleeing rebels had set fire to a major manuscript library.

But experts said that while up to 2,000 manuscripts may have been lost at the South African-funded Ahmed Baba Institute ransacked by the rebels, the bulk of the around 300,000 texts existing in Timbuktu and its surrounding region were believed to be safe.

I can say that the vast majority of the collections appear from our reports not to have been destroyed, damaged or harmed in any way, Cape Town Universitys Professor Shamil Jeppie, an expert on the Saharan citys manuscripts, told Reuters.

A Malian source also directly involved with the conservation of the Timbuktu manuscripts told Reuters 95 percent of the total documents were safe and sound.

Full story: reut.rs/WAJkLe

The secret race to save Timbuktus manuscripts

GEOFFREY YORK BAMAKO, MALIThe Globe and Mail

As rebels searched the bags of the truck passengers at a checkpoint near Timbuktu, one man was trying to hide his nervousness.

Mohamed Diagayete, an owlish scholar with an eager smile, was silently praying that the rebels would not discover his laptop computer. Buried in his laptop bag was an external hard drive with a cache of thousands of valuable images and documents from Timbuktus greatest cultural treasure: its ancient scholarly manuscripts.

Heres the back story of how they were hidden http://is.gd/Cf3HPw

In pictures: Timbuktu’s priceless ancient manuscripts http://bbc.in/11cQDPR

Anti-gay mob beat 7 men; probe faults Nigerian response

76 CRIMES

The article “Anti-gay mob beat 7 men; probe faults Nigerian response” about the Jan. 12 attack in Nigeria has been removed from this blog, at least temporarily.

The article was based on an unfinished, draft version of a report prepared by investigators from the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC) and the Improved Youth Health Initiative, an LGBTQ organisation working in Eastern Nigeria. The IGLHRC said that release of the draft report was premature.

Watch for renewed coverage of the incident when the report is finished.

Three men stripped and beaten for having gay sex in Nigeria

    (dailyqueernews.wordpress.com)

View original post

350 Military Personnel to deploy to Mali

RAF Families Federation

MALI3Downing Street has announced that 350 UK military personnel are to deploy to Mali and West Africa to support French forces. Also offered were: the continued deployment of the RAF C17 and Sentinel aircraft; allowing the US to operate air refuelling platforms from the UK…The UK also offered to set up a combined joint logistics HQ in Mali but the French have declined this offer…More information »

View original post

$1,000 bribe overcomes anti-gay charges in Cameroon

76 CRIMES

Two young men charged with homosexuality-related crimes have been released from police custody in Cameroon after paying a bribe, according to human rights activists who worked on their behalf.

This new, detailed account of the case of the men identified as Depadou N, 21, and Paul Arno, 24, differs greatly in timing and outcome from the version in a recent Amnesty International report on human rights violations in Cameroon.

That report said they were arrested in November 2011 and held until at least December 2012, awaiting trial on charges of engaging in male-male sexual relations. In the activists’ account, the two men were arrested Nov. 23, 2011, and released five days later. In addition, the complaint against them was dropped.

This is the men’s complex tale of harassment, intrigue and bribery in  Yaoundé, Cameroon, as told by their supporters:

“Depadou N” and “Paul Arno” — pseudonyms given to the men by…

View original post 467 more words

Australia: Floods leave 4 dead (incl 3 year-old boy), Queensland/NSW chaos Sydney drenched, thousands displaced – 290113 1055z

Three people have died and hundreds of homes are under water after heavy rain brought flooding to parts of the Australian state of Queensland.

The town of Bundaberg, where rescuers have been trying to airlift some residents to safety, is expecting its worst floods on record.

In Brisbane, the state capital, almost 5,000 homes and properties are at risk.

The rain was brought by (ex-) Tropical Cyclone Oswald, which is now affecting the northern part of New South Wales.

Two years ago, flooding in Queensland left 35 people dead, with Bundaberg among the towns affected. Bundaberg Mayor Mal Foreman said the floods would be far worse than 2011.

Residents have been told to evacuate in some areas after the Burnett River burst its banks.

At least 1,200 properties have flooded and some 30 people are trapped on the roofs of their houses in the north of the city. In Brisbane, which was paralysed by flooding two years ago, water has been creeping into low-lying parts of the central business district.

Residents of the Lockyer Valley, which was the scene of deadly flash floods in 2011, have also been told to evacuate as creeks and rivers rise. In Ipswich, the Bremer River is expected to peak later in the day, prompting flood warnings.

Police said the body of an elderly man who went to check on a yacht north of Bundaberg had been recovered on Sunday.

Two men swept away by flooding in separate incidents in Queensland were also found dead on Monday.

Monday, 28 January, 2013 at 04:34 (04:34 AM) UTC RSOE

View the current weather warnings for Queensland

News Reports:

Australia floods leave hundreds stranded in Bundaberg

BBC NEWS 28 January 2013 Last updated at 08:24z

The BBCs Nick Bryant says the floodwaters are expected to break records

Helicopter rescue crews are trying to reach hundreds of people trapped by rising floodwaters in Bundaberg in the Australian state of Queensland.

Many people are trapped on roofs, but there are fears homes could be washed away by fast-moving waters after the Burnett River burst its banks.

Three people have already died in the Queensland flooding, after a cyclone brought heavy rain.

Australian PM Julia Gillard offered her condolences to the families of victims.

Ms Gillard was speaking in Gipsland, Victoria, where she was visiting people afflicted by the recent wildfires.

Continue reading the main story

Do not wait. Move now. Yr life depends on it

Ian Stewart on Twitter Queensland police commissioner

She said it had been a tough period for Queensland, and that the whole country was being challenged by nature.

But we are a strong and smart nation and well get through this, as we always do, by pulling together, she said.

Hundreds stranded

Bundaberg Mayor Mal Foreman said the floods would be far worse than those of late 2010 and early 2011, which left 35 people dead across Queensland, with Bundaberg among the towns affected.

In 2010, the Burnett River at Bundaberg reached 7.92 metres, but at 15:00 (05:00 GMT) on Monday, the river was at 9.2m and rising slowly, the Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) said in a statement.

It is expected to peak late on Tuesday or early Wednesday. Major flooding has also been reported at Mundubbera and Gayndah, said the BoM.

Residents of North Bundaberg were ordered to evacuate immediately, with the states Police Commissioner Ian Stewart tweeting: Do not wait. Move now. Yr life depends on it.

A residents stands in front of her flooded home in Bundaberg on 27 January 2013 There are fears fast-moving waters could wash away homes in Bundaberg

Police Superintendent Rowan Bond said many people had only a few hours left in which to leave, before becoming stranded, saying there was an

imminent danger of people being killed and drowned.

But the waters are moving too quickly for boats to be used, and there are fears that homes could be swept off their foundations by the torrent.

At least 1,200 properties have flooded and State Premier Campbell Newman said up to 1,500 people could still be in need of rescue.

Weve never seen floodwaters like this before, he told reporters.

People probably feel, quite reasonably, that theyve seen this all before and they feel they can be safe in certain parts of North Bundaberg. Right now our view is they are not, and thats why we need to get them out.

Mr Newman said 14 helicopters were already at work plucking people from rooftops but that more were being brought in. He urged stranded people to group together and ensure less mobile people were not left behind.

I can assure people who may be in harms way at the moment that we are doing everything we can to come to get you to get you out of this situation, said Mr Newman.

By late afternoon, the main Bundaberg evacuation centre at Oakwood State School was itself evacuated, the Brisbane Times reports. Some 300 people were being moved to another centre near the airport.

Elsewhere in the state, some 350 homes have been flooded in Ipswich. More than 200,00 people are without power across the state.

Map

Residents of the Lockyer Valley, which was the scene of deadly flash floods in 2011, have also been told to evacuate as creeks and rivers rise.

The town of Gympie has been cut off and dozens of businesses are underwater, ABC News reports, while hundreds of homes are threatened in Ipswich, where the Bremer River is expected to peak later in the day.

Police said the body of an elderly man who went to check on a yacht north of Bundaberg had been recovered on Sunday. Two men swept away by flooding in separate incidents in Queensland were also found dead on Monday.

In Brisbane, which was paralysed by flooding two years ago, water has been creeping into low-lying parts of the central business district.

A woman and her three-year-old son were also taken to hospital in Brisbane after a tree fell on them.

The rain was brought by Tropical Cyclone Oswald, which is now affecting the northern part of New South Wales.

The BoM has warned of heavy rain, usually high tides and damaging winds, with gusts of up to 100 km/h (62 mph). Flash flood warnings have also been given.

A number of roads have been closed in the state and 6,000 homes are without power in the north.

29 Jan 2013 (GMT):

Queensland/NSW chaos – 4 killedincluding 3 year-old boy: Sydney saturated in widespread rainfall totals of between 80 and 150 millimetres overnight

Parts of Sydney have been drenched in their heaviest daily rainfall totals in more than a decade as a wild storm system washed over the city on Monday night after causing havoc in the north of the state and in Queensland.

About 1500 residents downstream of Grafton spent the night in emergency accommodation after being evacuated due to the storm, which has claimed four lives in Queensland, including that of a three-year-old boy who was hit by a falling tree in Brisbane’s north.

The residents were ordered to evacuate from their homes in Ulmarra, Cowper and Brushgrove districts shortly before 7pm on Monday due to flooding of the Clarence River.

Low-lying areas of North Lismore were also evacuated on Monday night. Floodwaters also have cut off all roads between NSW and Queensland and isolated about 2000 people in northern NSW.

The remnants of ex-tropical cyclone Oswald stalled over northern NSW on Monday night, but a separate low-pressure system formed over the Hunter and beat a path down the coast to Sydney.

Authorities are monitoring the Clarence River in Grafton, which originally was expected to peak at 7.9 metres at about 9am on Tuesday.

However that later was revised up to an expected peak of eight metres at midday.

About 3000 people living near the bridge in Grafton have received an evacuation warning. State Emergency Service workers on Monday night rescued a man from a pontoon Grafton, while an elderly couple also were rescued from a catamaran that had broken its mooring.

The Bellinger River received 280 millimetres since 9am on Monday, the heaviest rainfall in four years. Flood waters have cut Bellingen in half, and the main bridge there is completely under water.

The heaviest rainfall in the Illawarra was on the escarpment, which received 150 millimetres of rain, while Wollongong received 120 millimetres, the heaviest daily rainfall total in two years. Wind gusts of 100km/h were reported in Coffs Harbour overnight, but in Sydney the wind was not as fierce as predicted, peaking at 70km/h on Sydney Harbour.

A severe weather warning remains in place on Tuesday for the damaging winds, heavy rain and damaging surf for people in the Metropolitan, Northern Rivers, Mid North Coast, Hunter, Illawarra, South Coast and Central Tablelands forecast districts.

Weatherzone meteorologist Brett Dutschke said Sydney was saturated in widespread rainfall totals of between 80 and 150 millimetres overnight, causing localised flooding in some areas, including Camden. The wettest area of the city was Frenchs Forest, which received 155 millimetres of rain since 9am yesterday.

Richmond was saturated in 111 millimetres of rain, the biggest daily total in 16 years in the suburb, while Bankstown, Canterbury and Badgerys Creek recorded 100 millimetres, the heaviest in 12 years. Mr Dutschke said many of Sydney’s western suburbs received their heaviest daily rainfall totals in five years overnight.

State Emergency Service spokesman Michael Eburn said officers had responded to 2900 calls for assistance for help across NSW, mostly in the north of the state. However that number could rise rapidly as people wake on Tuesday and assessed the damage to their properties. “Our local units have been out in Sydney dealing with localised flooding in Camden and normal call outs, such as trees down and leaking roofs,” he said.

“It has certainly been more significant in the north of NSW. We’ve evacuated low-lying areas of North Lismore and a couple of evacuation warnings were issued for Grafton. We’ve done 19 flood rescues, and most of those are avoidable things – people entering floodwaters despite our advice.”

The low pressure system is expected to move out to sea on Tuesday, the Bureau of Meteorology said.

Tuesday, 29 January, 2013 at 03:45 (03:45 AM) UTC RSOE

 

Central and southern Queensland face a mammoth recovery task as record-breaking flood waters recede.

Thousands of people have been displaced as rivers and creeks, swollen by torrential rain from ex-tropical cyclone Oswald, rose up and inundated homes and businesses on Monday and Tuesday.

In the worst-hit city of Bundaberg, 2000 homes and 200 businesses were inundated when the river reached a record height on Tuesday afternoon.

More than 7500 displaced residents are seeking refuge in evacuation centres or with friends and family on higher ground.

Queensland Premier Campbell Newman toured Bundaberg on Tuesday and urged Queenslanders to aid disaster victims.

“They all need our support. We’ve got to reach out and help them now,” he said.

Mr Newman also paid tribute to the resilience of residents, who in some cases have weathered four floods in three years.

“It’s incredible to see the spirit of Queenslanders out on the streets of their cities and towns as they grapple with what is a big crisis.”

The news was better for residents of Brisbane and Ipswich in the southeast, where water levels peaked lower than expected.

Early indications are that water stayed below floorboard level in Brisbane, while about 35 homes in Ipswich had water in their living areas.

It was a world away from the disaster of January 2011.

Then, tens of thousands of homes in the southeast were inundated and Brisbane’s damage bill ran into the tens of millions.

In coming days the city’s key challenge will be to maintain water supplies after the flooding forced the shutdown of two processing plants.

Residents have been told to limit water use around the home until further notice.

As the flood waters recede, attention will turn to the huge damage bill and recovery task.

The premier says Bundaberg will be the focus and has arranged for 400-500 soldiers to help clean the city up.

Already 9,800 insurance claims have been lodged in Queensland worth a combined $116 million, according to the Insurance Council of Australia.

The damage to infrastructure is still being assessed but it’s been estimated the bill will still reach the hundreds of millions, without counting crop and livestock losses.

The Queensland premier is urging people to donate to the government’s Queensland Flood Appeal which is being coordinated with Red Cross.

Prime Minister Julia Gillard and Governor-General Quentin Bryce are expected to visit flood-affected regions in Queensland in coming days.” – Sydney Morning Herald

Related:

 

Tropical Cyclone 10p #GARRY (CAT1) (SS-TS) 270900Z nr 24.0S 157.7W, moving SSE at 08 Kts (JTWC) – 270113 1315z

(Image: wunderground.com) Five Day Forecast Map (Click image for source)

(Image: JTWC) TC track (Click image for source)

(Image: wunderground.com)
Storm-Centered Satellite Image
(Click image for source)

Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC)

WTPS31 PGTW 270900
MSGID/GENADMIN/JOINT TYPHOON WRNCEN PEARL HARBOR HI//
SUBJ/TROPICAL CYCLONE 10P (GARRY) WARNING NR 016//
RMKS/
1. TROPICAL CYCLONE 10P (GARRY) WARNING NR 016
01 ACTIVE TROPICAL CYCLONE IN SOUTHPAC
MAX SUSTAINED WINDS BASED ON ONE-MINUTE AVERAGE
WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY

WARNING POSITION:
270600Z — NEAR 23.5S 158.2W
MOVEMENT PAST SIX HOURS – 160 DEGREES AT 08 KTS
POSITION ACCURATE TO WITHIN 060 NM
POSITION BASED ON CENTER LOCATED BY SATELLITE
PRESENT WIND DISTRIBUTION:
MAX SUSTAINED WINDS – 035 KT, GUSTS 045 KT
WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY
BECOMING EXTRATROPICAL
REPEAT POSIT: 23.5S 158.2W

FORECASTS:
12 HRS, VALID AT:
271800Z — 25.5S 156.2W
MAX SUSTAINED WINDS – 030 KT, GUSTS 040 KT
WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY
EXTRATROPICAL

REMARKS:
270900Z POSITION NEAR 24.0S 157.7W.
TROPICAL CYCLONE (TC) 10P (GARRY), LOCATED APPROXIMATELY 550 NM
SOUTHWEST OF BORA BORA, SOCIETY ISLANDS, HAS TRACKED SOUTH-
SOUTHEASTWARD AT 08 KNOTS OVER THE PAST SIX HOURS. ANIMATED INFRARED
SATELLITE IMAGERY DEPICTS A SYSTEM THAT IS BEGINNING EXTRA-TROPICAL
TRANSITION (ETT) WITH STRATOCUMULUS WRAPPING OVER THE NORTHERN HALF
OF THE SYSTEM AND SHALLOWING CONVECTION SHEARED SOUTHEAST OF AN
EXPOSED AND ELONGATING LOW-LEVEL CIRCULATION CENTER (LLCC) WHICH IS
READILY APPERANT IN A 270450Z SSMIS 91GHZ MICROWAVE IMAGE. THE
LATEST AMSU TEMPERATURE CROSS SECTION SHOWS A BUILDING WARM CORE
ANAMOLY AT THE SURFACE WHICH IS INDICATIVE OF A FORMATIVE WARM
FRONT. BASED ON THIS DATA, TC 10P WILL CONTINUE ETT THROUGH THE
FORECAST PERIOD BECOMING A COLD CORE EXTRATROPICAL SYSTEM IN THE
NEXT 12 HOURS AS IT CONTINUES TO TRACK SOUTHEASTWARD INTO THE
MIDLATITUDE WESTERLIES. THIS IS THE FINAL WARNING ON THIS SYSTEM BY
THE JOINT TYPHOON WRNCEN PEARL HARBOR HI. THE SYSTEM WILL BE CLOSELY
MONITORED FOR SIGNS OF REGENERATION. MAXIMUM SIGNIFICANT WAVE HEIGHT
AT 270600Z IS 17 FEET.//
NNNN

Tracking Info For Tropical Cyclone Garry

Time Lat Lon Wind(mph) Storm type

————————————————————-
12 GMT 01/20/13 12.8S 176.8W 40 Tropical Storm
18 GMT 01/20/13 12.6S 175.7W 40 Tropical Storm
00 GMT 01/21/13 11.5S 174.3W 40 Tropical Storm
06 GMT 01/21/13 11.4S 172.3W 40 Tropical Storm
18 GMT 01/21/13 11.9S 170.8W 45 Tropical Storm
06 GMT 01/22/13 13.2S 169.8W 50 Tropical Storm
18 GMT 01/22/13 13.1S 169.2W 60 Tropical Storm
06 GMT 01/23/13 13.8S 168.2W 50 Tropical Storm
18 GMT 01/23/13 13.4S 167.2W 45 Tropical Storm
06 GMT 01/24/13 14S 164.9W 70 Tropical Storm
18 GMT 01/24/13 14.9S 163.1W 85 Category 1
06 GMT 01/25/13 16.2S 160.7W 100 Category 2
18 GMT 01/25/13 16.7S 160.3W 75 Category 1
06 GMT 01/26/13 18.7S 159.7W 65 Tropical Storm
18 GMT 01/26/13 21S 159W 50 Tropical Storm
06 GMT 01/27/13 23.5S 158.2W 40 Tropical Storm

=======================================

RSMC Nadi Tropical Cyclone Warning Centre

TROPICALCYCLONEFORECASTTRACKMAP

Tropical Cyclone GARRY

Tropical Cyclone Warning Number 89 issued 0731 UTC Sunday 27 January 2013

Current and Past Cyclone Details Forecast Cyclone Details
(at 24, 48 and 72 hours from issue)
Current Location and Intensity Number
Very Destructive Hurricane Force Winds
Destructive Storm Force Winds
Damaging Gale Force Winds
Past Track and Movement
Past Location and Intensity Number
Forecast Location and Intensity Number
Very Destructive Wind Boundary
Destructive Wind Boundary
Gale Force Wind Boundary
Most Likely Future Track
Range of Likely Tracks over 72 hours

The forecast path shown above is the Nadi’s best estimate of the cyclone’s future movement and intensity. There is always some uncertainty associated with tropical cyclone forecasting and the grey zone indicates the range of likely tracks.
Name:Tropical Cyclone GARRY

Details:

Time (UTC) Intensity Category Latitude
(decimal deg.)
Longitude
(decimal deg.)
Estimated Position
Accuracy (km)
0hr 6 am January 27 1 23.2S 158.0W 65
+6hr 12 pm January 27 1 24.0S 157.2W 95
+12hr 6 pm January 27 1 25.2S 156.0W 120
+18hr 12 am January 28 tropical low 26.3S 154.8W 150
+24hr 6 am January 28 tropical low 27.8S 152.7W 175
+36hr 6 pm January 28 tropical low 31.2S 147.7W 235
+48hr 6 am January 29 tropical low 35.3S 141.5W 295
+60hr 6 pm January 29 tropical low 39.3S 134.3W 385
+72hr 6 am January 30 tropical low 43.1S 126.4W 470

Fiji time is UTC +12 hours.
For example, 0000 UTC Saturday is 1200 Saturday Fiji time.
For example, 1800 UTC Saturday is 0600 Sunday Fiji time.

Category Cyclone 1 has mean winds 34-47 knots with a central pressure greater than 985 hPa
Category Cyclone 2 has mean winds 48-63 knots with a central pressure 985-970 hPa
Category Cyclone 3 has mean winds 64-85 knots with a central pressure 970-945 hPa
Category Cyclone 4 has mean winds 86-107 knots with a central pressure 945-910 hPa
Category Cyclone 5 has mean winds greater than 107 knots with a central pressure less than 910 hPa

The next TC Forecast Track Map is scheduled to be issued within six hours.

GALE WARNING 089 ISSUED FROM RSMC NADI Jan 27/0708 UTC 2013 UTC.

TROPICAL CYCLONE GARRY CENTRE 995HPA CATEGORY 1 WAS LOCATED NEAR 23.2
SOUTH 158.0 WEST AT 270600 UTC.
POSITION FAIR.
REPEAT POSITION 23.2S 158.0W AT 270600 UTC.
CYCLONE MOVING SOUTH-SOUTHEAST AT 10 KNOTS.
EXPECT SUSTAINED WINDS OF 35 KNOTS CLOSE TO THE CENTRE.
EXPECT WINDS OVER 33 KNOTS WITHIN 70 NAUTICAL MILES OF CENTRE IN
NORTHWEST QUADRANT AND WITHIN 90 NAUTICAL MILES OF CENTRE ELSEWHERE.

FORECAST POSITION NEAR 25.2S 156.0W AT 271800 UTC
AND NEAR 27.8S 152.7W AT 280600 UTC.

ALL VESSELS WITHIN 300 NAUTICAL MILES OF CENTRE ARE REQUESTED TO SEND
REPORTS EVERY THREE HOURS TO RSMC NADI. VOS REPORTING SHIPS USE
NORMAL CHANNELS. OTHER VESSELS FAX PLUS 679 6720190 OR EMAIL NADITCC
AT MET DOT GOV DOT FJ.

ALL VESSELS WITHIN 300 NAUTICAL MILES OF CENTRE ARE REQUESTED TO SEND
REPORTS EVERY THREE HOURS TO RSMC WELLINGTON AS WELL.

THIS WARNING CANCELS AND REPLACES WARNING 088.

Special Weather Bulletin Number TWENTY-NINE for Southern Cooks ON
EX-TROPICAL CYCLONE GARRY
ISSUED FROM RSMC NADI Jan 27/1011 UTC 2013 UTC.

THE TROPICAL CYCLONE GALE WARNING PREVIOUSLY IN FORCE FOR MANGAIA IS
NOW CANCELLED.

A STRONG WIND WARNING REMAINS IN FORCE FOR SOUTHERN COOKS.

EX-TROPICAL CYCLONE GARRY CENTRE [997HPA] WAS LOCATED NEAR 23.5
DEGREES SOUTH 158.4 DEGREES WEST OR ABOUT 100 NAUTICAL MILES
SOUTH-SOUTHWEST OF MANGAIA AT 270900UTC. EX-TROPICAL CYCLONE GARRY
MOVING SOUTH-SOUTHEAST AT 09 KNOTS FURTHER AWAY FROM SOUTHERN COOKS.
MAXIMUM 10-MINUTE AVERAGE WINDS CLOSE TO THE CENTRE IS ESTIMATED TO
BE ABOUT 30 KNOTS WITH MOMENTARY GUSTS TO 45 KNOTS.

ON THIS TRACK, EX-TROPICAL CYCLONE GARRY IS NOT EXPECTED TO DIRECTLY
CAUSE GALES OVER MANGAIA.

FOR MANGAIA:
STRONG NORTHWEST WINDS WITH AVERAGE SPEEDS OF 25 TO 30 KNOTS WITH
GUSTS TO 35 KNOTS. OCCASIONAL SHOWERS. VERY ROUGH SEAS. HEAVY SWELLS,
GRADUALLY ABATING.

FOR THE REST OF THE SOUTHERN COOKS:
STRONG NORTH TO NORTHWEST WINDS WITH AVERAGE SPEEDS OF 20 TO 25
KNOTS. ROUGH SEAS. CLOUDY PERIODS WITH SOME SHOWERS. MODERATE
SWELLS.

THIS IS THE FINAL SPECIAL WEATHER BULLETIN FOR THE SOUTHERN COOKS AND
THE NEXT ISSUE WILL BE THE ROUTINE BULLETIN AT 271530 UTC.

Canadian plane missing in Antarctica, found crashed – 270113 1040z –

(Image: wikipedia.org) Antarctica (Click image for source)

Poor weather has forced the suspension of a search for three Canadians on board a missing plane in Antarctica until at least tomorrow.

The plane’s emergency locator beacon was activated on Wednesday night when the plane was en route from the South Pole to the Italian base at Terra Nova Bay.

The New Zealand Rescue Coordination Centre (RCCNZ) says a spotter plane has spent five hours flying over the Queen Alexandra Range but has been unable to find the missing aircraft due to thick cloud.

Search coordinator John Ashby says the missing Canadian-operated Twin-Otter was

(Photo: Timo Breidenstein, wikipedia.org) WinAir De Havilland Canada DHC-6-300 Twin Otter at St. Barthelemy Airport 13 December 2011 – This is not the aircraft missing (Click photo for source)

carrying emergency supplies.

“We do know that they were carrying a three-person survival bag with supplies for at least five days, plus mountain tents,” he said.

He says the forecast is for heavy snow and strong wind overnight.

The rescue centre says there have been snow flurries in the area and wind gusts of up to 160 kilometres per hour.

Another plane and two helicopters are on standby to deploy field teams for a ground search if there is a break in the weather.

New Zealand is coordinating the rescue with US authorities at McMurdo Station.

RCCNZ spokesman Steve Rendle said there were hopes the three men, whose names have not been released, were still alive.

“If the beacon is operating, which it is, that’s a good sign as a heavy landing can tend to prevent the beacon working, so that’s a positive sign at this stage,” he told Radio New Zealand.”

ABC/AFP

“The US National Science Foundation said contact was lost with the plane operated by the Canadian firm Kenn Borek Air on Wednesday while it was halfway through a routine 1,400-kilometer (870-mile) supply flight from the US Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station to the Italian base at Terra Nova Bay.

New Zealand rescue coordination center spokesman Steve Rendle said a joint US-New Zealand rescue team was ready to leave Antarctica’s main McMurdo Base at short notice “if there is a break in the weather.”

A second Twin Otter was scheduled to leave McMurdo on Thursday to set up a camp close to the beacon’s location following unsuccessful search flights by two other aircraft – a DC-3 Dakoto and a US Hercules.” -dw.de

“Bad weather is hindering search efforts, with officials now saying they want to set up a temporary base closer to where the beacon is transmitting to widen the operation.” – BBC News

Related:

27 Jan 2013:

The Canadian Press
Published Saturday, Jan. 26, 2013 6:24AM EST
Last Updated Saturday, Jan. 26, 2013 7:49PM EST

“A Canadian plane that crashed in Antarctica appears to have been on course but may have turned too early while flying through a mountain range, says an official with the agency that confirms the aircraft has been found.

Chris Henshaw, a search and rescue officer with the New Zealand Rescue Co-Ordination Centre, says the wreckage of the Twin Otter lies along the route the plane was intending to fly between the South Pole and an Italian base in Antarctica’s Terra Nova Bay.

The plane, operated by Calgary-based Kenn Borek Air, was reported missing after it failed to reach its destination on Wednesday.

Search crews in aircraft have confirmed that the wreckage has been sighted on a steep slope near the summit of Mount Elizabeth on the Queen Alexandra range, but New Zealand officials said the impact appears to have been direct and would not have been survivable for the three crew members on board.

“From looking at the maps, it is a logical route for it to fly through the mountain range,” Henshaw said about the location of the crash.

“There is a path that they actually sort of follow through. And it looks like the pilot made a turn too early. We don’t know at this stage,” he added.

New Zealand officials say the next of kin of the three men have been informed.

The pilot has been identified by friends as Bob Heath of Inuvik while media reports have identified a second crew member as Mike Denton, a newlywed from Calgary whose photographs of planes appear on the Kenn Borek website.

The third crew member had not yet been identified.

According to a statement released Friday by Kenn Borek Air, helicopter crews and mountain rescue personnel were to attempt to access the crash site on Saturday if weather conditions were favourable.

Henshaw said the weather in the area has improved and it sounded like a helicopter would be capable of landing close to the site. But he said he was still awaiting word on a decision about how they would proceed.

Julie Leroux of the Transportation Safety Board said that since the Twin Otter was operated by a Canadian company, officials here have already started working on a probe into the crash.

Leroux said Canadian investigators have already collected data and conducted interviews, but she said they don’t know yet whether it will be possible to reach the remote crash site.

“The Transportation Safety Board is waiting for more information to determine our next step,” Leroux said Saturday, speaking from Gatineau, Que., where the board is based.

Henshaw said New Zealand’s minister of foreign affairs is working with American and Canadian officials about where to go next with the investigation.

An emergency locator beacon had been detected coming from the site early on, but rescue teams were hampered by bad weather that made it difficult for planes flying over the area to see anything.

On Friday, a break in the weather allowed rescuers to set up a forward base at Beardmore Glacier, about 50 kilometres from the crash site, where there is a landing strip and a fuel depot.

A statement on the Kenn Borek Air website said visual contact with the wreckage was first made by a C-130 Hercules aircraft of the New York Air National Guard, and the sighting was later confirmed by another Twin Otter deployed by the airline.

Kenn Borek Air, which is also a fixture in Canada’s North, has been sending planes to Antarctica for the past 28 years.

Heath has been described as a highly experienced pilot by friends.

Fellow pilot Sebastian Seykora said Heath had been flying in Antarctica for at least a decade.” – cp24.com

Russia: Underground car park fire in Moscow leaves 10 dead, 14 injured – 260113 2250z

Nine* people died and at least 14 were injured on Saturday after a fire at an underground car park in a building in southwest Moscow, local police said.

(Photo: en.rian.ru) Moscow Garage Fire

Seven of them died while on the way to hospital, Emergencies Ministry spokesman Viktor Bryukov said.

Another ten people were rescued unharmed, he added. All those who died were thought to be construction workers who were carrying out work on the site, and were from the “near-abroad,” a term officials in Russia often use for those from former Soviet republics.

Many people from the former USSR republics work in construction in Russia, and some sleep on site. The building had been visited several times by fire safety inspectors, Brukov said.

An Emergencies Ministry source said the preliminary cause of the fire, which broke out just before 5 p.m. local time, was due to an infringement of fire safety regulations which caused construction materials to catch fire.

The building where the fire happened, at Khersonskaya Street in the Zyuzino district, was a new one that had only been completed last year, city construction officials said.

Saturday, 26 January, 2013 at 16:50 (04:50 PM) UTC RSOE

*RIA Novosti: Ten people died and at least 14 were injured on Saturday after a fire at an underground car park in a building in southwest Moscow, local police said.

Russian:

*9 человек погибли и по меньшей мере 14 получили ранения в субботу после пожара в подземной автостоянкой в здании на юго-западе Москвы, местной полиции сказал.

Семеро из них погибли, по пути в больницу, пресс-секретарь МЧС Виктор Bryukov сказал.

Еще десять человек были спасены невредимыми, добавил он. Все те, кто умер считались строительных рабочих, выполнявших работы на сайте, и были из “ближнего зарубежья”, термин, чиновники в России часто используются для тех из бывших советских республик.

Многие люди из республик бывшего СССР работают в строительстве в России, а некоторые спят на сайте. Здание было посетили несколько раз инспекторы пожарной безопасности, Brukov сказал.

Источник МЧС сказал, что предварительная причина пожара, который вспыхнул только до 5 часов вечера по местному времени, было связано с нарушением правил пожарной безопасности в результате чего строительные материалы к возгоранию.

Здание, в котором произошел пожар, в Херсонской улице, в районе Зюзино, была новой, которые только были завершены в прошлом году, городские чиновники строительство сказал.

Субботу, 26 января 2013 в 16:50 (04:50 PM) UTC RSOE

* РИА Новости: десять человек погибли и по меньшей мере 14 получили ранения в субботу после пожара в подземной автостоянкой в здании на юго-западе Москвы, местной полиции сказал.

IRAN: (UNCONFIRMED) Fordow nuclear facility explosion leaves 240 trapped, regime suspects sabotage – 260113 1525z

WARNING! This is information not confirmed!

An explosion deep within Irans Fordow nuclear facility has destroyed much of the installation and trapped about 240 personnel deep underground, according to a former intelligence officer of the Islamic regime.

The previously secret nuclear site has become a center for Irans nuclear activity because of the 2,700 centrifuges enriching uranium to the 20-percent level. A further enrichment to weapons grade would take only weeks, experts say.

The level of enrichment has been a major concern to Israeli officials, and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu repeatedly has warned about the 20-percent enriched stockpile.

The explosion occurred Monday, the day before Israeli elections weakened Netanyahus political control.

Iran, to avoid alarm, had converted part of the stockpile to fuel plates for use in the Tehran Research Reactor. However, days after the recent failed talks with the International Atomic Energy Agency, Iranian officials announced the enrichment process will not stop even for a moment.

The regimes uranium enrichment process takes place at two known sites: the Natanz facility with more than 10,000 centrifuges and Fordow with more than 2,700.

The regime currently has enough low-grade (3.5 percent) uranium stockpiled for six nuclear bombs if further enriched.

However, more time is needed for conversion of the low-grade uranium than what would be needed for a stockpile at 20 percent. It takes 225 kilograms of enriched uranium at the 20-percent level to further enrich to the 90-percent level for one nuclear bomb.

According to a source in the security forces protecting Fordow, an explosion on Monday at 11:30 a.m. Tehran time rocked the site, which is buried deep under a mountain and immune not only to airstrikes but to most bunker-buster bombs.

The report of the blast came via Hamidreza Zakeri, formerly with the Islamic regimes Ministry of Intelligence and National Security, The blast shook facilities within a radius of three miles.

Security forces have enforced a no-traffic radius of 15 miles, and the Tehran-Qom highway was shut down for several hours after the blast, the source said. As of Wednesday afternoon, rescue workers had failed to reach the trapped personnel.

The site, about 300 feet under a mountain, had two elevators which now are out of commission. One elevator descended about 240 feet and was used to reach centrifuge chambers. The other went to the bottom to carry heavy equipment and transfer uranium hexafluoride. One emergency staircase reaches the bottom of the site and another one was not complete. The source said the emergency exit southwest of the site is unreachable.

The regime believes the blast was sabotage and the explosives could have reached the area disguised as equipment or in the uranium hexafluoride stock transferred to the site, the source said.

The explosion occurred at the third centrifuge chambers, with the high-grade enriched uranium reserves below them. The information was passed on to U.S. officials but has not been verified or denied by the regime or other sources within the regime.

Though the news of the explosion has not been independently verified, other sources previously have provided WND with information on plans for covert operations against Irans nuclear facilities as an option before going to war. The hope is to avoid a larger-scale conflict. Israel, the U.S. and other allies already have concluded the Islamic regime has crossed its red line in its quest for nuclear weapons, other sources have said.

Saturday, 26 January, 2013 at 05:04 (05:04 AM) UTC RSOE

“…….However, this information was not revealed for security reasons until several days ago when sources said the regimes intelligence agency, through an alleged spy in the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad, had learned of the decision to conduct sabotage on Irans nuclear sites on a much larger scale than before.

As reported, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad called an urgent meeting Tuesday with the intelligence minister, the head of Irans Atomic Energy Organization and other officials to discuss the threat, and now its clear the meeting included the sabotage at Fordow……”- wnd.com

“….The Fordo underground uranium enrichment plant was again reported targeted for sabotage, according to an unconfirmed report published by Reza Kahlil, who is described as a former Iranian Revolutionary Guards officer who worked under cover as a double agent for the CIA until he escaped to the United States.

Kahlil reported that at 11:30 a.m., Monday, Jan. 21, the day before Israels general elections, a large explosion occurred 100 meters deep inside the underground plant, trapping 240 nuclear staff in the third centrifuge chamber. Among them, he said, were Iranian and Ukrainian technicians.
There was no information about casualties or the extent of damage to the 2,700 centrifuges which have been turning out 20-percent enriched uranium.

Khalil cited his source as Hamidreza Zakeri, a former Iranian Intelligence Ministry agent, who said the regime believes the blast was sabotage and the explosives could have reached the area disguised by the CIA as equipment imported for the site or defective machinery.

None of the information about an explosion at Fordo has been verified either by US officials or regime sources in Tehran.” – debka.com

 

Vote of 338-1 for Russian ‘gay propaganda’ bill

Russian:

Голосование по законопроекту 338-1 “гей-пропаганды” русский
Опубликовано 25 января 2013 года Колин Стюарт
Елена Мизулина, глава думского комитета по вопросам семьи, женщин и детей делам (Фото: Дмитрий Рожков через Wikimedia Commons)

Елена Мизулина, глава думского комитета по вопросам семьи, женщин и детей делам (Фото: Дмитрий Рожков через Wikimedia Commons)

Русский парламент, или Дума, подавляющим большинством проголосовала сегодня за запрет на так называемую “пропаганду гомосексуализма из”, где дети могли бы присутствовать.

Результаты голосования в первом чтении законопроект был 338 в течение (или 336, по другим аккаунтом *), 1 против, 1 воздержался, а остальные 50 или около того, депутаты не голосуют.

Далее Комитет по вопросам семьи, женщин и детей Вопросы несет ответственность за переработку законопроекта, в том числе определение или замене нечетным термин “гомосексуализм”.

Елена Мизулина, председатель комитета, сказал, что целевая группа, включая представителей ЛГБТ-сообщества будут созданы для изучения этого вопроса. Комитет по сообщениям примет предлагаемые поправки к законопроекту до 25 мая.

Законопроект, известный как статья 6.13.1, предусматривает штраф 4000-5000 рублей (US $ 132 – $ 165) для физических лиц, 40,000-50,000 рублей (US $ 1.300 – $ 1.600) для должностных лиц и 400,000-500,000 рублей (US $ 13,200 – $ 16,500 ) для компаний.

Аналогичные законы были приняты в 10 регионах России.

Игорь Кочетков, председатель русского ЛГБТ-Сеть, сказал: Государственная Дума должна принять законы, запрещающие любую дискриминацию. Если целевая группа готова изменить Билл 6.13.1 таким образом, чтобы она больше не содержит положения, оскорбления и дискриминация в отношении ЛГБТ-сообщества, то мы готовы принять участие в этой команде и сделать наши предложения “.

Он сказал, важным решением будет выбор людей, для целевой группы:

“Это важно услышать мнение не только связанных сторон, а также мнения независимых защитников прав человека. Мы считаем, что помимо людей, упомянутых Мизулина, команда должна иметь представителей русского омбудсмена Федерации и прав человека, организации, имеющие опыт в защите свободы выражения мнений и право на осуществление свободы мирных собраний.

“Только если эти условия будут соблюдены, мы можем говорить о рассмотрении этого законопроекта не по религиозным или политическим мотивам, но с точки зрения прав человека и уважения человеческого достоинства”.

BBC сообщает:

Законопроект стоят еще два чтения в Государственной Думе, после чего он должен быть одобрен верхней палатой (Советом Федерации) и президент России Владимир Путин, прежде чем он может стать законом.

Если он будет принят, это будет означать, что по всей России мероприятий, способствующих права гомосексуалистов будут запрещены и организаторы оштрафовали, BBC Стив Розенберг сообщает из Москвы.

В прошлом году топ суд Москвы оставил в силе запрет на гей-парадов в столице России, фактически запретив им в течение следующих 100 лет.

Европейский суд по правам человека оштрафовал Россию за запрет таких парадов в Москве.

* На самом деле, есть большие расхождения в различных счетов от общего числа голосов за законопроект, но все согласны с тем, что только один голос был в оппозиции к законопроекту.
Статьи по теме

Протесты: Анти-гей законопроект нарушает русские традиции любви, уважения (76crimes.com)
Призыв к акции протеста против законопроекта гей-пропаганды русский (76crimes.com)
Русская Дума Пасы запрет на гей “пропаганда” в 390-1 голосов в первом чтении: VIDEO (towleroad.com)

76 CRIMES

The lower house of the Russian parliament, or Duma, voted overwhelmingly today in favor of a ban on so-called “propaganda of homosexualism” where children might be present.

The vote on the bill’s first reading was 338 for (or 336, by another account*), 1 against, with 1 abstention and the remaining 50 or so Duma members not voting.

Next the Committee on Family, Women and Children Matters is responsible for refining the bill, including defining or replacing the odd term “homosexualism.”

Elena Mizulina, the head of the committee, said a task force including a representative of LGBT people will be created to study the issue. The committee reportedly will accept proposed amendments to the bill until May 25.

The bill, known as article 6.13.1, provides for fines of 4,000-5,000 rubles (U.S. $132-$165) for individuals, 40,000-50,000 rubles (US$1,300-$1,600) for officials, and 400,000-500,000 rubles (US$13,200-$16,500) for companies.

Similar laws have been enacted in…

View original post 336 more words

Kenya: Lorry hits passengers boarding ferry in South Coast Likoni, Mombasa, at least 11 killed, many trapped – 260113 1310z

At least eleven people have died and an unknown number injured, after a lorry lost control and struck passengers boarding the ferry in South Coast Likoni – Mombasa.

Kenya Red Cross Society disaster response team & Emergency Medical services ambulance from Mombasa Branch were dispatched. Rescue operation is underway. KRCS reports that scores are still trapped under the lorry.

Pictures from Kenya Red Cross Society

More pictures here LIKONI FERRY TRAILER TRAGEDY

 

Mountain Rescue teams called to assist after heavy snow strands hundreds of motorists on the M6 for hours – 260113 0835z

Embedded image permalink

“Hundreds of drivers have spent hours trapped in their vehicles on the M6 in Lancashire after heavy snow brought the motorway to a standstill.

The motorway became blocked in both directions between junctions 25 and 27, near Wigan, last night after vehicles became stuck in more than a foot of snow and some drivers abandoned their cars.

Lancashire Police said the motorway was moving again this morning, but north and south carriageways remained heavily congested with long tailbacks.

One man had to be taken to hospital after becoming ill in his car while it was stuck.

M6 snow chaos
The M6 gridlock. Pic Kevin Collister

Many drivers – some stuck for up to eight hours – contacted Sky News overnight to share their tales of woe.

Kevin Collister, stuck on the motorway just past the M58 junction heading northbound, said: “There is absolutely no movement whatsoever on my side of the carriageway, all the snow is squashed down into ice and there are wagons trying to move and sliding sideways.

“It’s an absolute nightmare, we’ve been here for three hours so far. A few people are saying we might be here for the night but we’re just hoping we can get through.”

Conservative MP David Morris, stuck on the southbound carriageway, said: “We’ve ground to a halt on both sides. Nothing is really moving.

“But the emergency services have been fantastic and are doing the best for us, and everyone is in good spirits.

Snowman on M6. Pic Ashely Pinches
Some M6 motorists made the most of the snow. Pic Ashley Pinches

“I’ve just seen a snowball fight and the man next door to me has built a snowman on top of his car roof … it’s very surreal.”

Barry Pinches, on his way to Blackpool, told Sky News: “At one stage we didn’t think we would make it but it looks like things are moving slowly now. We saw some snow ploughs on the southbound carriageway but there doesn’t seem to be too many of them – they have their work cut out.”

Pete Martin, from the Highways Agency, confirmed to Sky News that the carriageways had been gritted before the snow came down.

“We had an extremely intense fall of snow across Lancashire between 8.30pm and midnight and basically there wasn’t enough traffic to keep the lanes moving,” he said.

“A number of HGVs lost traction between junctions 25 and 27 and once they blocked the carriageway the snow stacked up and the result was a number of stranded vehicles.

“We’ve had traffic officers helping motorists, and gritters and snow ploughs trying to clear up – a lot of resources are dealing with what has happened.”

M6 junctions closed
The M6 was blocked both ways in Lancashire

Lancashire Police said officers, Highways Agency staff and mountain rescue teams were working in conjunction to help stranded drivers.

The force said: “We want to reassure anybody who’s stuck that we’re on our way with colleagues from the Highways Agency.

“The snow ploughs are out and about and the mountain rescue teams are also helping with recovery – be reassured we’ll get to you.”

It also warned drivers not to venture out while road and motorway conditions remained “treacherous”.

Hazardous driving conditions have led to collisions and delays on many routes across the north of England, including the M18, M60, M65, M56 and M58.

Meanwhile, all flights have been suspended at Leeds Bradford International Airport this morning as a fresh blanket of snow covered most of the Yorkshire region.

North Yorkshire Fire Service said a couple had to be rescued from a snow drift on the North York Moors last night.

A spokesman said: “Due to extreme weather conditions a husband and wife had driven into a snow drift and were unable to get out. The wife had undergone surgery a week before and they had tried to dig themselves out for over two hours.

“A well-known breakdown company would not attend. Fire crews from Goathland and Whitby attended and managed to get the couple and the vehicle to the safety of a local hotel.

Snow on M61. Pic AA SORT
Hazardous conditions on the M61. Pic AA Special Operations

“Usually the fire service only attend life risk incidents but on this occasion an exception was made.”

North Yorkshire Police said some main roads were blocked by snow and abandoned vehicles including the A59 between Harrogate and Skipton and the B6265 at Rylstone.

The Met Office has 12 amber warnings in place from the Midlands up to central England, urging the public to be prepared for likely disruption caused by the heavy snow.

There are also a number of yellow warnings in Wales, southwest England and London and the South East.

Weather experts have warned of the risk of flooding this weekend, as heavy rain moves in and rising temperatures spark a rapid thaw of the built-up snow and ice.

In southwest Wales, emergency services are already responding to a rise in calls as roads and properties become flooded.

There are also reports of flooding on the M5 between junction 25 for Taunton and junction 26.

UK Hit By Heavy Snow Fall
The snow-blanketed racecourse in Bath

The Environment Agency has 19 flood warnings in place, 15 for the South West and four for Wales.

A further 76 flood alerts have been issued, including 41 for the South West, 16 for Wales, 15 for the South East and one for the North East.

A spokesman said: “Emergency teams from the Environment Agency will be out in force throughout the weekend to shore up defences, monitor river levels and clear blockages from watercourses.”

Temperatures will steadily rise from tomorrow to an average of 4C before reaching more than 10C in the south on Sunday followed by wet and windy weather next week.

The severe weather over the past week has hit working hours, according to a survey of more than 2,000 workers by Green Flag Breakdown.

The motoring organisation said one in five people had been too afraid to drive because of the icy and snowy conditions, and a further 5% tried to take to the road but had to turn back.” – Sky News

More here: http://news.sky.com/story/1043086/weather-snow-storm-brings-m6-to-standstill

Various Mountain Rescue teams (Bowland Pennine MRT, BoltonMRT,Oldham MRT and Rossendale and Pendle MRT) have been called in to assist.

Holocaust Memorial Day – 27 January 2013 – Remembering the victims of the Holocaust, Nazi Persecution and subsequent genocides – Updated 070213 1820z

(Latest material at bottom of page)

The Holocaust

Between 1933 and 1945, the Nazis attempted to annihilate all of Europes Jews. It is this event which we now refer to as The Holocaust or the Shoah, a variation on a Hebrew word.

The Nazis spread their hatred through the use of propaganda and legislation designed to deny human rights to Jews and used centuries of anti-semitism as their foundation. By the end of the Holocaust, 6 million Jewish men, women and children had been murdered in ghettos, mass-shootings, in concentration and extermination camps, and many millions more were affected by the Nazis extreme policies.

As soon as the Nazis came to power they introduced laws and legislation intended to deny Jews the freedom of movement, work and other basic rights. Boycotts of Jewish doctors, lawyers and shops began in 1933 and by 1935 Jews were not allowed to join the civil service or the army. The introduction of the Nuremberg laws in September 1935 further increased Jewish marginalisation. Jews were banned from marrying non-Jews and their citizenship was removed including their right to vote. As time progressed, more restrictions were brought in and Jews were barred from all professional occupations and Jewish children were prohibited from attending public schools. In 1938, further laws decreed that men must take the middle name Israel and women Sarah, all German Jews would have their passports marked with a J

On 9 November 1938 the Nazis initiated pogroms (an organised persecution of a particular group) against the Jews in all Nazi territories. It was a night of vandalism, violence and persecution that many have since described as the beginning of the Holocaust. 91 Jews were murdered, 30,000 were arrested and 191 synagogues were destroyed. This night became known as Kristallnacht the night of broken glass, so called because of the smashed glass which covered the streets from the shops which were looted.

listen to the testimony of Holocaust survivors such as Dr Martin Stern.

find out about the Nazis final solution to annihilate all of European Jewry.

read about the ghettoisation programme.

The Rise of the Nazi Party

1919 German Workers Party (later, Nazi Party) established.

1921 Adolf Hitler becomes Party Chairman.

1921-1922 Period of growth in support for the Nazis due to the appeal to young unemployed men who were suffering due to the economic crisis under the Weimar Republic.

1922 Inspired by the National Fascist Party in Italy, Hitler introduced the straight-armed salute, which became synonymous with the Nazi party, and is still used by Neo-Nazi and Fascist groups today.

1923 The Nazi Party carried out an unsuccessful coup against the government which resulted in imprisonment for Hitler. Whilst incarcerated Hitler wrote his manifesto Mein Kampf in which he outlined his ideology on a true Aryan race and expressed his violent anti-semitism.

1923-27 the Nazi Party continued to gain popularity.

1929 By this point, the Nazi Party had approximately 130,000 members. The Nazis gained support by implanting the idea that the ongoing financial crisis, which saw unemployment rise and businesses fail was due to Jewish financiers, building on existing anti-semitism.

1933 With over 400,000 party members, Hitler was appointed Chancellor. Once in office, he quickly secured almost unlimited power through manipulation and terror, though he remained publicly respectful to the President, Paul Von Hindenburg. When the latter died in 1934 Hitler became Fuhrer. Governmental practice was changed, with a law being passed which allowed the Nazis to pass laws without parliamentary approval. They later banned all other political parties, turning Germany into a one-party state.

Kindertransport & Refugees

The Kindertransport

The Kindertransport was a unique humanitarian programme which ran between November 1938 and September 1939. Approximately 10,000 children, the majority of whom were Jewish, were sent from their homes and families in Austria, Germany, Czechoslovakia and Poland to Great Britain.

Immediately after the Nazis came to power in 1933 the persecution of Jews began this reached a pre-war peak with Kristallnacht (the Night of the Broken Glass) on 9/10 November 1938. 267 synagogues were destroyed, 100 people were killed, all remaining Jewish stores in the Reich were destroyed and almost 30,000 people were taken to concentration camps.

Sir Samuel Hoare, the Home Secretary, agreed that to speed up the immigration process by issuing travel documents on the basis of group lists rather than individual applications. Strict conditions were placed upon the entry of the children. Jewish and non-Jewish agencies promised to fund the operation and to ensure that none of the refugees would become a financial burden on the public. Every child would have a guarantee of 50 to finance his or her eventual re-emigration.

The Movement for the Care of Children from Germany, later known as the Refugee Childrens Movement (RCM), sent representatives to Germany and Austria to establish the systems for choosing, organising, and transporting the children. On 25 November, after discussion in the House of Commons British citizens heard an appeal for foster homes on the BBC Home Service. Soon there were 500 offers, and RCM volunteers started visiting these possible foster homes and reporting on conditions. They did not insist that prospective homes for Jewish children should be Jewish homes.

The first Kindertransport from Berlin departed on 1 December, and the first from Vienna on 10 December. In March 1939, after the German army entered Czechoslovakia, transports from Prague were hastily organised. Trains of Polish Jewish children were also arranged in February and August 1939.

The last group of children from Germany departed on 1 September 1939, the day the German army invaded Poland and provoked Great Britain, France, and other countries to declare war. The last known Kindertransport from the Netherlands left on 14 May 1940, the day the Dutch army surrendered to Germany.

After the war ended many of the children stayed in Britain or emigrated to the newly formed state of Israel, America, Canada or Australia. Most of the children had been orphaned since leaving their homes, losing their families in the Ghettos or camps they had escaped.

Refugees

The Jewish refugees who fled to Britain before the outbreak of war in 1939 to escape Hitler came from Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia. They were the first sizable group of refugees in the successive waves of immigration that flowed into Britain from the middle decades of the last century. By 1939, Britain was playing host to over 60,000 some 50,000 of whom settled permanently. They were joined after 1945 by a smaller group of Jews who had survived the Holocaust in Europe.

These refugees sought asylum from racial, religious and political persecution; even though Nazi measures against the Jews had not by 1939 escalated into the attempt at total extermination witnessed during the wartime Holocaust. The vicious and systematic discrimination to which Jews were subjected made life intolerable for them even before 1939.

The admission of Jewish refugees from Central Europe was opposed by sections of the press, by right-wing political forces, by groups like Oswald Mosleys British Union of Fascists, and by those arguing for the preservation of British jobs at a time of high unemployment against the perceived threat of imported foreign labour. The refugees had their supporters in liberal circles and among those whose compassion was aroused by the plight of the Nazis victims. Only after the intensification of Nazi persecution of the Jews that took place in 1938/39 did Britain accept larger numbers of refugees, admitting some 50,000 in the last eighteen months before the outbreak of war, including some 10,000 unaccompanied Jewish children who came on Kindertransport.

The pre-war refugees from Germany were drawn largely from the Jewish middle classes. Well educated, cultured and often with professional qualifications or experience, they had mostly been well integrated into the societies of their native lands, and they continued on the path of assimilation in Britain. After the war most took British nationality and settled down to build new lives for themselves and their families.

They largely preserved their German-language culture and their Continental identity, while integrating broadly successfully into British society. The skills, enterprise and education that they brought with them ensured that they contributed significantly to British life.

Ghettos & Deportation

Ghettos

During the Nazi regime of hatred, ghettos were a central step in the process of control, dehumanisation, and mass murder of the Jews and Gypsies.

Nazi Germany invaded Poland on 1 September 1939 and as a result, the UK and other Western European countries declared war. Thus, the Second World War began but the initial fighting in Poland lasted only a few weeks, as Polands old-fashioned army was quickly defeated by the modern, advanced German forces. In spring 1940 the Nazis established ghettos in the larger towns and cities across Poland.

The Germans regarded the establishment of ghettos as a provisional measure to control and segregate Jews while the Nazi leadership in Berlin deliberated upon options to realise the goal of removing the Jewish population, which in turn formed the Final Solution.

The largest ghetto in Poland was Warsaw, where 400,000 Jews were crowded into 1.3 square miles of the city. Other ghettos in Poland included those in the cities of Lodz, Krakow, Bialystok, Lvov, Lublin, Vilna, Czestochowa, and Minsk. Many thousands of western European Jews were also deported to ghettos in the east.

The ghettos were specially selected areas where Jews were forced to live. Some had walls built around them, others were marked out by barbed wire. They were nearly always in the poorest areas of town and desperately cramped with poor sanitation. As time went on, food restrictions were introduced and terrible conditions led to hundreds of thousands dying from disease or malnutrition. Men, women and children were forced to leave their homes taking only the possessions they could carry and move into overcrowded houses and rooms, where their movement was strictly prohibited. Conditions in the ghettos were appalling, where families were crowded together without adequate supplies of food or water. Many people died from starvation, disease and casual executions carried out by the Nazis.

All Jewish inhabitants of the ghettos were forced to wear a Star of David, making them instantly recognisable to the Nazi authorities. Many Jews were used as forced labour in factories and businesses outside of the ghetto. Daily life in the ghettos was administered by Nazi-appointed Judenraete (Jewish Council). Ghetto police carried out the orders of the Nazis, assisting with deportations, punishment and oppression.

Deportations

After the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 the Nazis stepped up their policy against those they hated through murder on an industrial scale. By December 1941 over 1.5 million Jews had been killed by beatings, starvation or mass shootings. Camps were established as soon as the Nazis came to power and those who were considered to be opponents of the regime were imprisoned and treated with great brutality.

The first concentration camp was established at Dachau on 23 March 1933. Following Kristallnacht huge numbers of Jews were imprisoned in camps simply because they were Jews. As the Nazis captured more territory the camp system was greatly expanded and used as a tool in the creation of the racial state.

The Wannsee Conference (20/01/1942) attended by German SS and State Officials saw the formulation of the attempted mass-deportation of European Jews to extermination camps that existed or were being constructed in German-occupied Poland. If successful this Final Solution would see the extermination of Jews, not only in Nazi-occupied countries, but throughout Ireland, Great Britain, Sweden and Turkey. Deportation on this scale required organisation on an industrial scale and included many Government departments the Ministry of Transportation to arrange train schedules and routes, the Order of Police to direct and manage the deportation and the Foreign Office to organise cross-border travel for Jews in allied countries. The co-ordination of these deportations showed how normal hatred had become.

It is generally accepted that the Nazis attempted to disguise their intent, referring to the removal of Jews from ghettos to extermination camps as resettlement in the East. Jews would be rounded up from the ghettos and made to prepare for their resettlement taking with them few of their most valuable possessions if they were able.

The Germans used freight and passenger trains for the deportations. No food or water was provided for those on the trains, despite being sealed into packed freight cars with little or no room to sit or lay down those inside endured intense heat during the summer and freezing temperatures during the winter. Aside from a bucket, there was no sanitary facilities, adding to the indignity faced by those being deported. Many of those packed onto these trains died on route to the camps through starvation or over-crowding.

Auschwitz-Birkenau was the largest Nazi extermination camp, where transports such as these arrived on a daily basis from virtually every Nazi-occupied country in Europe.

Life in the Camps

The first concentration camp was established at Dachau on 23 March 1933. As the Nazis captured more territory, the camp system was greatly expanded and used as a tool in the creation of a single-race state. In total, the Nazis created approximately 20,000 camps including transit, forced labour, and extermination camps throughout German-occupied countries.

Camp inmates were subject to forced labour, overcrowding, poor sanitary conditions, starvation and cruel treatment with many thousands dying.

The Nazis extended the camp system to include 6 extermination camps: Chelmno, Treblinka, Sobibor, Belzec, Majdanek and Auschwitz-Birkenau. The mobile killing units which were originally used to kill inmates were expanded with the development of gas chambers.

Auschwitz-Birkenau

Arrival in the camp started with a selection process men, women and children were removed from the transports, which arrived daily and had their valuables taken away. Men were separated from women and children. A Nazi physician would quickly assess whether each person was healthy enough to survive forced labour, and based on this visual inspection, individuals were sent to the camps or to the gas chambers. The disabled, elderly, pregnant women, babies, young children or the sick, stood little chance of surviving this selection.

Those who were selected for death were led to the gas chambers, and, in order to prevent panic, some victims were told they were going to the showers to remove the lice from their bodies. They were made to hand over any remaining valuables and remove all of their clothes. After being ushered into the gas chambers, the doors would be shut and bolted. In some extermination centres, carbon monoxide was pumped into the chambers, and in others, a toxic insecticide called Zyklon-B. The poison took up to 20 minutes to kill those in the chambers. Camp prisoners were then forced by the SS guards to remove the corpses from the chambers and to remove hair, gold teeth and fillings. The corpses were then burned in ovens within the crematoria or were buried in mass graves.

Bergen Belsen

Bergen Belsen was set up in 1940 as a Prisoner of War camp until 1943, when it was divided into the prisoners camp and the Star Camp in which prisoners classed as valuable and whom the Nazis planned to exchange with the Allies for German civilians. Few prisoners were exchanged. Bergen-Belsen also served as a collection camp for sick and injured prisoners transported from other concentration camps. They were housed in a separate section, the so-called hospital camp. Bergen Belsen was also the destination of survivors of death marches from other concentration camps. It is estimated there were over 60,000 prisoners in Belsen by April 1945. Approximately 35,000 prisoners died of typhus, malnutrition and starvation in the first few months of 1945.

Many Nazi concentration camps were built as forced labour camps, supplying cheap manual labour to local industries. Work was hard and treatment was brutal. Not working quickly or hard enough, whilst being starved, was punishable by death.

Theresienstadt concentration camp

Theresienstadt (often referred to as Terezin) was set up as a transit camp. Its main purpose was to serve as a transit camp for European Jews on their way to Auschwitz. Conditions were incredibly harsh. In a space previously inhabited by 7,000 Czechs, now over 50,000 Jews were gathered. Food was scarce, punishment by beatings or death was the norm. Terezin supplied slave labour to local industries.

Terezin was publicised by the Nazis as a place of high culture many artists, musicians and others from the arts were held there prior to deportation. But the camp served as a much more sinister propaganda exercise. Under pressure from the international community, the Nazis permitted the International Red Cross to visit the transit camp in July 1944. An intensive period of deportations took place prior to the visit, and the camp was beautified gardens were planted, concerts were held and a propaganda film was created. The hoax worked and the International Red Cross were satisfied with the treatment of the prisoners. After the visit, deportations resumed.

Badge system

Although the symbols worn by prisoners differed from camp to camp, the Nazis used the wearing of badges to differentiate between the prisoners in camps. The wearing of badges and prisoner numbers signified the absolute removal of human rights of an individual.

The badges sewn onto prisoner uniforms enabled SS guards to identify the alleged grounds for incarceration, although these did differ from camp to camp, its generally accepted that:

Yellow star or triangle Jewish prisoner
Green triangle Criminals
Red triangle Political prisoners
Black triangles Roma & Sinti (Gypsies), asocials, (nonconformists, vagrants, Lesbians)
Pink triangles Gay men
Purple triangles Jehovahs Witnesses

Prisoners also had the first initial of the place they came from on their badges if they were non-German, and a variety of colours if they fell into a number of categories (ie a Jewish political prisoner would have a yellow and red star).

We look to survivor stories to tell us more about what life was like in the camps.

Liberation, Resistance & Rescuers

Resistance

Jews responded to the ghetto restrictions with a variety of resistance efforts. Ghetto residents frequently engaged in so-called illegal activities, such as smuggling food, medicine, weapons or intelligence across the ghetto walls, often without the knowledge or approval of the Jewish councils.

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

The most well-known attempt by Jews to resist the Nazi regime took place in the Warsaw Ghetto in April 1943 and lasted for almost a month.

This was organised by the Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa Z.O.B (Jewish Fighting Organisation), and headed by 23 year old Mordecai Anielewicz with the aim of encouraging Jewish inhabitants to resist being rounded up into rail cars which would take them to the concentration camps.

In January 1943 shots had been fired during one such deportation by the Z.O.B using the small number of arms that had been smuggled into the Ghetto. After a few days of the attack, Nazi troops retreated. This success inspired further revolt.

On 19 April 1943 the Nazis entered the Warsaw Ghetto to carry out its liquidation approximately 750 Z.O.B fighters fought the well-armed and trained soldiers. The revolt lasted for just over a month until, on 16 May they were finally defeated. More than 56,000 Jews were taken from the Warsaw Ghetto during the liquidation with 7000 being shot upon capture and the remaining 49,000 deported to concentration camps.

There were also violent revolts in Vilna, Bialystok, Czestochowa, and several smaller ghettos.

Rescuers

Many people and organisations rescued victims of the Nazi regime. Some non-Jewish rescuers have been recognised by Yad Vashem as Righteous Among the Nations for their actions during the Holocaust. Those regarded as rescuers may have hidden someone for a few hours, overnight or two or three years. Some may have saved one life, others saved thousands. Whatever the scale each deed was as significant as each other. Both the Talmud and the Koran remind us: Whoever saves a life, it is as if he saved the world entire.

During the Nazi period everyone had to make moral choices. Some people became perpetrators, others were bystanders. A small minority chose to help the persecuted these are the rescuers and helpers. This was an extraordinary selfless choice. It meant risking not only their own lives but the lives of their own family and children. Many paid with their lives. None succeeded in halting the Holocaust but many people were enabled to survive as a result of their efforts. Each chose to defy the power of the Nazis and their collaborators mostly single-handedly. That choice made a huge difference to many individual lives. More importantly they showed the power of the individual and provided hope in otherwise hopeless circumstances by demonstrating the importance of moral courage in action.

During the Nazi period the vast majority of people were not perpetrators, but bystanders. We know that fear was a major contributing factor to the success of Nazi policy generally and the genocide of Jews, and the persecution of Roma and Sinti, Black, disabled and Lesbian and Gay people specifically.

But there were courageous people who stood out from time to time. They were found in every Nazi-occupied country and from all walks of life. What is clear is that most of these people were very ordinary people, making individual choices of conscience. Their actions demonstrated that true heroes are often just ordinary people acting on their convictions. Many were surprised that what they had done was deemed to be exceptional.

The Nazis were brutal in their reprisals against anyone caught trying to assist. Bystanders therefore had good reason to be concerned for their personal safety. This in turn makes the actions of those who did resist the more remarkable. Their actions were selfless, but no less calculated. They knew the potential risk, but took the risk anyway.

Frank Foley

Frank Foley was born in Somerset in 1884. In the 1930s, he worked for the Foreign Office and became Head of the British Passport Control Office in Germany. Eyewitnesses recall Mr Foley as an unassuming hero a small, slightly overweight man with round glasses. However, Foley was in fact Britains most senior spy in Berlin.

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/8/8c/Frank_foley.jpg

During his time in Berlin, Foley is known to have saved an estimated 10,000 German Jews after Hitler and the Nazi Party came to power in Germany in 1933. He used his role in the Passport Office as a cover for his real job as an Intelligence Officer working for the British Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), later called MI6. This made his efforts on behalf of the Jews even more dangerous.

Foley first moved to work in Berlin in 1920. He was therefore able to observe and report back on the political and social changes that took place in Germany as a result of the rise to power of Hitler and the Nazi Party. Foley was also able to see the impact of the many anti-Semitic measures introduced by the Nazis and the effect these had on the every day lives of Jews.

If he had been arrested, Foley would have had no diplomatic immunity as he was working as a spy, but for years he ignored many Nazi laws and helped Jews leave the country. He made no money from his rescue efforts but risked his own life to save so many others. He also did not seek recognition or praise for his acts of rescue.

Foley broke many Nazi laws, for example he entered concentration camps such as Sachsenhausen and presented visas to the camp authorities so that Jews could be freed to travel. Foley also hid Jews in his home and used his secret service skills to help them obtain false papers, forged passports and visas. By issuing these visas, Foley was also breaking British laws.

Whilst Oskar Schindlers efforts in saving thousands of Jews were immortalised in the book Schindlers Ark by Thomas Keneally and the film Schindlers List by Steven Spielberg, Frank Foleys bravery has gone largely unnoticed.

Schindler was a factory owner, employing and thereby saving the lives of 1,400 Jews who would ordinarily have been sent to the concentration camps.

Many of the Jews Schindler saved remained in contact after fleeing Germany, thus giving a voice to his story.

In contrast, many of the thousands helped to safety with forged visas supplied by Frank Foley, were unaware of the identity of their life saving benefactor.

Many Jews would arrive in Palestine with visas they knew they shouldnt have, so understandably kept this information quiet.

During his lifetime, Foley received no recognition or honour for his actions in the UK. In 1999 though, Foleys actions resulted in his being recognised as Righteous Amongst the Nations at Yad Vashem in Israel.

On 24th November 2004, the 120th anniversary of Foleys birth, a plaque was unveiled in his honour at the British Embassy in Berlin. Amongst those who travelled to Berlin to take part in a special ceremony was Elisheva Lernau, 91 who had been rescued by Foley. Elisheva said, His name is written on my heart I owe my life to this man I never met, a man of humanity in a time of unparalleled inhumanity.

In Highbridge, Somerset a plaque has been placed on the house where Foley was born and in May 2005 a statue was unveiled in his honour.

Liberation

When Allied troops began a number of offensive strikes in Nazi-occupied Europe, they began to uncover the concentration camps throughout. After the first liberation the camp of Majdanek in Poland in summer 1944, Nazi forces began to burn down the crematoria and the mass graves. Prisoners were forced to walk into the interior of Germany, already suffering from starvation and ill-treatment, many died on the enforced death march.

In late 1944, Soviet troops also overran the sites Sobibor, Belzec, and Treblinka, which had been disused by the Nazis from 1943.
Soviet soldiers liberated Auschwitz-Birkenau on 27 January 1945. They found several thousand emaciated survivors, and the smouldering remains of the gas chambers and crematoria the Nazi attempt to destroy evidence of their crimes against humanity. In the following months, the Soviets liberated Stutthof, Sachsenhausen and Ravensbruck.

US troops liberated Buchenwald in April 1945, followed by Flossenburg, Dachau and Mauthausen.

British Troops liberated Bergen Belsen on 15 April 1945. Liberator Iolo Lewis recalls the sight that met the liberators:

I was absolutely horrified to find out what had happened where I stood and the inhumanity of man against man. I have never been the same since, mentally. How could people do this sort of thing to other people? The people were not lively. They were treated like animals. They had lost reason. When the medics came in they tried to save a lot of people.

We cannot begin to imagine the scenes which confronted the liberators. Disease such as typhoid was rife, and an ever present danger to the malnourished survivors. Many camps had to be burnt to the ground in order to ensure the containment of diseases. The liberation of the camps exposed the full extent of the Nazis Final Solution to the rest of the world.

Life after the Holocaust

The Nuremberg Trials

After the war, judges from the Allied powers convened to bring those responsible for crimes committed during the Holocaust to trial. These took place in Nuremberg, Germany between 1945 and 1946. 22 Nazis were bought before the court, with 12 being sentenced to death. Charged with Crimes against Humanity, the majority of the defendants pleaded guilty to the charges against them, but claimed they were just following orders. Those who were directly involved with the murder of over 11 million men, women and children were most harshly sentenced however, those who played a large role in the Holocaust, who facilitated the Nazis Final Solution (eg Government officials, business-men who used forced labour, and other executives) were sentenced to lenient prison sentences or no punishment at all.

Many Nazi war criminals, including Adolf Hitler who committed suicide at the end of the war, were never sentenced. Many fled the country and have never been found. However, people like the late survivor Simon Wiesenthal continued to hunt Nazis across the world. Wiesenthal found Adolf Eichmann, who had helped to instigate the Final Solution in Argentina, and he was brought to trial and executed in 1961.

The Nuremberg Trials led to the establishment of The International Criminal Court in 2002 over 50 years later as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression, although it cannot currently exercise jurisdiction over the crime of aggression. As of July 2010 111 States are members of the ICC.

(Goaty: How Nazis Escaped Justice in SouthAmerica: http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/new-book-explores-how-so-many-nazis-escaped-justice-in-south-america-a-879101.html)

Rebuilding Lives

Despite what they went through survivors never clamoured to be heard and did not demand attention. Few sought revenge against those who had tormented them and most only reluctantly claimed compensation, even for what was theirs by right. Instead, they quietly went about the business of rebuilding lives and reconstructing the societies in which they lived. They set an unrivalled example of dignity to us all.

Many survivors share their stories with us. They do not insist on any reward: to them it is a civic duty. They take heart that society is learning from what they had to suffer, the knowledge that younger generations are listening to what they have to say and carrying their message forward. Survivors are not special just because they are survivors. Most will say that they did not escape from Germany or live through the ghettos or the camps because of something intrinsic to them. Most will readily admit that they survived thanks to sheer luck. Survivors of Nazi persecution and mass murder are special because of what they survived and what they have to tell us about that horrific experience.

Few comforting stories emerged from the Nazi dark ages. One of the most important things we can learn from the survivors of Nazi persecution and mass murder is that for people who emerge from war and genocide, suffering and grief do not end instantly with the declaration of peace.

For those in the camps, liberation was a muted experience. They were alive, but they had lost everything. Thousands died of malnutrition and disease even after Allied troops arrived. The sights that greeted Allied servicemen and women marked them for ever. They brought immediate aid to the survivors in terrible conditions and at great risk to themselves. The troops and relief workers should be honoured for that bravery and skill.

But after the initial rescue, survivors often faced incomprehension and even hostility. Those who went back to their own countries frequently discovered that their homes were occupied by other people and that their belongings were gone. They were treated with fear and resentment.

About 50,000 Jewish camp survivors gathered in the British and American zones of occupation in Germany, refusing to return to places that were no more than a graveyard. Outbreaks of violent anti-semitism in Poland led to over a hundred thousand Polish Jewish survivors joining them. But no country in the world was willing to take substantial numbers of Jewish Displaced Persons, DPs, as the survivors became known.

The British government refused to allow an influx of Jewish refugees and only a few thousand came to Britain under a scheme for the distressed relatives of Jews already in the UK. The Government permitted 10,000 Jewish and non-Jewish children to enter the country but ruled out any old enough to work, even though tens of thousands of non-Jewish DPs, including Poles, Balts, Ukrainians, and ethnic Germans, were recruited for labour in Britain.

Few survivors received anything more than essential medical treatment. About 750 boys and girls who were brought to Britain by the British Jewish community were given excellent care and sustained attention but they were the exception. Neither the survivors nor the liberating troops, many of whom were traumatised by what they had seen, received the kind of support that we would deem essential to their psychological well-being.

In the post-war trials of war criminals the testimony of survivors was almost totally ignored and they were at the bottom of the list of those to get restitution. It took decades before they obtained justice. In Germany Roma and Gay men had no chance of obtaining redress: the laws under which they had been persecuted remained in force for many years. Their experiences, like the Nazi treatment of Black people, were hardly mentioned. And yet most of the former Jewish refugees and the camp survivors who reached Britain between 1938 and 1945 came through and avoided the canker of bitterness. Some completed education while others began their schooling in a new tongue. They mastered trades and professions, and embarked on productive working lives. They married and raised families. They maintained their religious affiliations and cherished memories of a culture that was now in ruins. Above all, they avoided the temptation to hate or to teach their children to hate.

Victims of Nazi Persecution

The Nazis intended to create a society which valued everyone being the same and hated anyone who did not conform to their idea of a true Aryan.

Singling out Jews for complete annihilation in the Holocaust was not the full extent of Nazi hatred. Anyone who did not fit their narrow idea of who was normal was targeted for persecution and discrimination across Nazi-occupied Europe.

The Porrajmos

Europes Gypsies were targeted by the Nazis for total destruction. The Porrajmos (The Devouring) is the term used to describe the Nazi genocide of Europes Roma and Sinti (Gypsy) population. Upward of 200,000 Gypsies were murdered or died as a result of starvation or disease. Many more were imprisoned, used as forced labour or subject to forced sterilisation and medical experimentation.

In June 1936, a Central Office to Combat the Gypsy Nuisance opened in Munich and later that year, Berlin police were given the authority to conduct raids against Gypsies so that they would not mar the image of the city as the host of the summer Olympic Games.

Between 1939 and 1940 labour camps for people avoiding work and living off crime were set up in the Czech Republic. Roma and Sinti men, women and children were also sent to camps in Lety and Hodonin, and in 1940, statistics about Gypsies, mixed Gypsies and people with Gypsy style of life were officially collected. Those found to be in any of these categories were sent to the camps. Out of c.2500 internees at these camps, over 50% were deported to Auschwitz and many more died due to starvation and maltreatment within the camps.

In June 1938, Gypsy Clean-up Week took place throughout Germany. In Roma and Sinti men, women and children were targeted for persecution, hatred and imprisonment.

The experience of Europes Gypsy population has parallels with that of the Jewish people. Both were targeted on the grounds of their race and had previously suffered centuries of discrimination. The Nuremberg Laws which prohibited marriage between Jews and Aryans and enshrined the loss of citizenship rights were also applied to Gypsies. As with Jewish children, Gypsy children were banned from public schools and Gypsies found it increasingly difficult to maintain or secure employment.

As the Second World War began, the persecution of Gypsies intensified. Deportations of Gypsies to ghettos including Lodz and to concentration camps including Dachau, Mauthausen and Auschwitz-Birkenau which had a specific Gypsy Camp began.

On 26 February 1943, the first transport of Roma and Sinti men, women and children arrived in Auschwitz-Birkenau. Of the 23,000 Gypsies imprisoned within the camp, its estimated that around 20,000 were murdered.

On 2 August 1944 the Zieguenlager (Gypsy Camp) at Auschwitz was liquidated and 2897 Roma and Sinti were exterminated in the gas chambers. The surviving prisoners were deported to Buchenwald and Ravensbruck concentration camps for forced labour.

Despite the atrocities committed against Gypsies by the Nazi regime their experiences were only fully recognised by the West German Government in 1981 and the Porrajmos is only now becoming more widely known.

listen to historian Donald Kenrick talk about the Porrajmos

Gay Victims of Nazi persecution

Lesbian and gay life in Germany began to thrive at the beginning of the 20th century. Berlin in particular was one of the most liberal cities in Europe with a number of lesbian and gay organisations, cafs, bars, publications and cultural events taking place.

By the 1920s, Paragraph 175 of the Penal Code (which criminalised homosexual acts) was being applied in an increasingly limited fashion. Magnus Hirschfelds Institute for Sexual Science led the world in its scientific approach to sexual diversity and acted as an important public centre for Berlin lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered life. In 1929 the process towards complete decriminalisation had been initiated within the German legislature.

Nazi conceptions of race, gender and eugenics dictated the regimes hostile policy on homosexuality. Within days of Hitler becoming Chancellor repression against gay men and lesbians commenced. On 6 May 1933, the Nazis violently looted and closed The Institute for Sexual Science, burning its extensive collection on the streets. Other organisations were also shut down. The existing laws were toughened and the courts and police were encouraged to take draconian steps. Unknown numbers of German gay men and lesbians fled abroad, entered into marriages in order to appear to conform to Nazi ideological norms, and experienced severe psychological trauma. The thriving gay culture in Berlin was lost.

The police established lists of homosexually active persons. Records from 1937-1940 include the names of over 90,000 suspects. Significant numbers of gay men were arrested, of whom an estimated 50,000 received severe jail sentences in brutal conditions. Most homosexuals were not sent to concentration camps but were instead exposed to inhumane treatment in police prisons. There they could be subjected to hard labour and torture, or be executed or experimented upon. The Nazis dehumanised the prisoners in their camps and some of their prisons by giving them a symbol, which coded them according to the reason for their detention, and assigned them a number to replace their name. Some 10-15,000 people were deported for being gay to concentration camps. Many, but not all, were assigned pink triangles. Most died in the camps, often from exhaustion. Many were castrated and some subjected to gruesome medical experiments. Collective murder actions were undertaken against gay detainees, exterminating hundreds at a time. Some people belonged to more than one targeted group. For example, Jewish gays wore a yellow triangle and a pink triangle together.

During the 1935 redrafting of Paragraph 175 in Germany, there was much debate about whether to include lesbianism, which had not been recognised in the earlier version. Ultimately lesbians were not included in the legislation and they were subsequently not targeted in the same way as gay men. In Austria, after Anschluss (the annexation of Austria into greater Germany under the Nazi regime), a similar debate led to the inclusion of lesbianism in the penal code. lesbians suffered the same destruction of community networks as gay men. They were allowed to play no role in public life and therefore they often experienced a double economic disadvantage.

After the war, the Allies chose not to remove the Nazi-amended Paragraph 175. Neither they, nor the new German states, nor Austria would recognise homosexual prisoners as victims of the Nazis a status essential to qualify for reparations. Indeed, many gay men continued to serve their prison sentences.

People who had been persecuted by the Nazis for being gay had a hard choice: either to bury their experience and pretend it never happened with all the personal consequences of such an action or to try to campaign for recognition in an environment where the same neighbours, the same law, same police and same judges prevailed.

Unsurprisingly very few victims came forward. Those who did even those who had fought the Nazis and survived death camps were thwarted at every turn. Few known victims are still alive but research is now beginning to reveal the hidden history of Nazi homophobia and post-war discrimination.

read the testimony of Albrecht Becker who was persecuted by the Nazis

listen to Ben Sumerskill of Stonewall speak about LGB discrimination

In 1934, a special Gestapo (Secret State Police) division on homosexuals was set up. One of its first acts was to order the police pink lists from all over Germany The police had been compiling these lists of suspected homosexual men since 1900. On September 1, 1935, a harsher, amended version of Paragraph 175 of the Criminal Code, originally framed in 1871, went into effect, punishing a broad range of lewd and lascivious behavior between men. In 1936 Nazi leader Heinrich Himmler created a Reich Central Office for the Combating of Homosexuality and Abortion: Special Office (II S), a subdepartment of Executive Department II of the Gestapo. The linking of homosexuality and abortion reflected the Nazi regimes population policies to promote a higher birthrate of its Aryan population. On this subject Himmler spoke in Bad Tlz on February 18, 1937, before a group of high-ranking SS officers on the dangers both homosexuality and abortion posed to the German birthrate.

Under the revised Paragraph 175 and the creation of Special Office IIS, the number of prosecutions increased sharply, peaking in the years 1937-1939. Half of all convictions for homosexual activity under the Nazi regime occurred during these years. The police stepped up raids on homosexual meeting places, seized address books of arrested men to find additional suspects, and created networks of informers to compile lists of names and make arrests.

An estimated 1.2 million men were homosexuals in Germany in 1928. Between 1933-45, an estimated 100,000 men were arrested as homosexuals, and of these, some 50,000 officially defined homosexuals were sentenced. Most of these men spent time in regular prisons, and an estimated 5,000 to 15,000 of the total sentenced were incarcerated in concentration camps.

How many of these 5,000 to 15,000 175ers perished in the concentration camps will probably never be known. Historical research to date has been very limited. One leading scholar, Ruediger Lautmann, believes that the death rate for 175ers in the camps may have been as high as sixty percent.

All prisoners of the camps wore marks of various colors and shapes, which allowed guards and camp functionaries to identify them by category. The uniforms of those sentenced as homosexuals bore, various identifying marks, including a large black dot and a large 175″ drawn on the back of the jacket. Later a pink triangular patch (rosa Winkel) appeared. Conditions in the camps were generally harsh for all inmates, many of whom died from hunger, disease, exhaustion, exposure to the cold, and brutal treatment. Many survivors have testified that men with pink triangles were often treated particularly severely by guards and inmates alike because of widespread biases against homosexuals. As was true with other prisoner categories, some homosexuals were also victims of cruel medical experiments, including castration. At Buchenwald concentration camp, SS physician Dr. Carl Vaernet performed operations designed to convert men to heterosexuals: the surgical insertion of a capsule which released the male hormone testosterone. Such procedures reflected the desire by Himmler and others to find a medical solution to homosexuality.

The vast majority of homosexual victims were males; lesbians were not subjected to systematic persecution. While lesbian bars were closed, few women are believed to have been arrested. Paragraph 175 did not mention female homosexuality. Lesbianism was seen by many Nazi officials as alien to the nature of the Aryan woman. In some cases, the police arrested lesbians as asocials or prostitutes. One woman, Henny Schermann, was arrested in 1940 in Frankfurt and was labeled licentious Lesbian on her mug shot; but she was also a stateless Jew, sufficient cause for deportation. Among the Jewish inmates at Ravensbrck concentration camp selected for extermination, she was gassed in the Bernburg psychiatric hospital, a euthanasia killing center in Germany, in 1942.

Consequently, the vast majority of homosexuals arrested under Paragraph 175 were Germans or Austrians. Unlike Jews, men arrested as homosexuals were not systematically deported to Nazi-established ghettos in eastern Europe. Nor were they transported in mass groups of homosexual prisoners to Nazi extermination camps in Poland.

It should be noted that Nazi authorities sometimes used the charge of homosexuality to discredit and undermine their political opponents. Charges of homosexuality among the SA (Storm trooper) leadership figured prominently among justifications for the bloody purge of SA chief Ernst Rhm in June 1934. Nazi leader Hermann Gring used trumped-up accusations of homosexual improprieties to unseat army supreme commander Von Fritsch, an opponent of Hitlers military policy, in early 1938. Finally, a 1935 propaganda campaign and two show trials in 1936 and 1937 alleging rampant homosexuality in the priesthood, attempted to undercut the power of the Roman Catholic Church in Germany, an institution which many Nazi officials considered their most powerful potential enemy.

After the war, homosexual concentration camp prisoners were not acknowledged as victims of Nazi persecution, and reparations were refused. Under the Allied Military Government of Germany, some homosexuals were forced to serve out their terms of imprisonment, regardless of the time spent in concentration camps. The 1935 version of Paragraph 175 remained in effect in the Federal Republic (West Germany) until 1969, so that well after liberation, homosexuals continued to fear arrest and incarceration.

Research on Nazi persecution of homosexuals was impeded by the criminalization and social stigmatization of homosexuals in Europe and the United States in the decades following the Holocaust. Most survivors were afraid or ashamed to tell their stories. Recently, especially in Germany, new research findings on these forgotten victims have been published, and some survivors have broken their silence to give testimony. ushmm.org

Full movie “Bent” starring Clive Owen, also Mick Jagger.

A film about the rarely acknowledged persecution and annihilation of German homosexuals in the Nazi concentration camps.

Disabled Victims and the T4 Euthanasia Programme

Mentally and physically disabled people were targeted under Nazi hatred. From 1939 1941 the Nazis carried out their T4 programme (so called because Tiergartenstrasse 4 was the headquarters of the General Foundation for Welfare and Institutional Care in Berlin).

People with physical disabilities, mental health needs and chronic illnesses were deemed to be damaging to the common good by the Nazi party. In 1933 the Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring allowed for the forced sterilisation of those regarded as unfit, including people with conditions such as epilepsy, schizophrenia and alcoholism. Prisons, nursing homes, asylums, care homes for the elderly and special schools were targeted to select people for sterilisation. It has been estimated that between 1933 and 1939, 360,000 individuals were subjected to forced sterilisation.

In 1939 the killing of disabled children and adults began. From August 1939 the Interior Ministry required doctors and midwives to report all cases of newborns with severe disabilities. All children under the age of three who were suffering from illnesses or disabilities, such as Downs syndrome, hydrocephaly, cerebral palsy or suspected idiocy, were targeted under the T4 programme. A panel of medical experts were required to give their approval for the euthanasia of each child.

Many parents were unaware of the fate of their children, instead being told that they were being sent for improved care. After a period of time parents were told their children had died of pneumonia and their bodies cremated to stop the spread of disease.

Following the outbreak of war in September 1939 the programme expanded with less emphasis on assessment and approval. Adults with disabilities, chronic illnesses, mental health problems and criminals who were not of German origin were included in the programme. Six killing centres were established to speed up the process, the previous methods of killing people by lethal injection or starvation being too slow to cope with large numbers of adults. The first experimental gassings took place at the killing centre in Brandenberg and thousands of disabled patients were killed in gas chambers disguised as shower rooms.

The model used for killing disabled people was later applied to the industrialised murder within Nazi concentration camps such as Auschwitz-Birkenau.

It is estimated that close to 250,000 disabled people were murdered under the Nazi regime.

watch the story of Robert Wagemann whose Mother saved him from the T4 programme

Black experience

Although there was no systematic elimination of Black people under the Nazi regime it is clear that many were persecuted, alienated and even murdered during this period. In the 1920s, around 24,000 Black people were living in Germany.

Following World War One and the Treaty of Versailles (1919), the victorious Allies occupied the Rhineland in western Germany. The use of French colonial troops, some of whom were Black, in these occupation forces exacerbated anti-Black racism in Germany. Racist propaganda against Black soldiers depicted them as rapists of German women and carriers of venereal and other diseases. The Nazis, at the time a small political movement, viewed them as a threat to the purity of the Germanic race. In Mein Kampf, Hitler charged that the Jews had brought the Negroes into the Rhineland with the clear aim of ruining the hated white race by the necessarily-resulting bastardisation. Nazi propaganda posters, showing friendship across racial groups, referred to a loss of racial pride. African-German mixed race children were economically and socially marginalised in German society, and not allowed to attend university. Racial discrimination prohibited them from seeking most jobs, including service in the military.

When the Nazis came to power, one of the first directives was aimed at these mixed-race children. Underscoring Hitlers obsession with racial purity, by 1937, every identified mixed-race child in the Rhineland had been forcibly sterilised, in order to prevent further race polluting, as Hitler termed it.

Hans Hauck, a Black survivor of Nazi racial policies and a victim of the mandatory sterilisation programme, explained in the film Hitlers Forgotten Victims that, when he was forced to undergo sterilisation as a teenager, he was given no anaesthetic. Once he received his sterilisation certificate, he was free to go, as long as he agreed to have no sexual relations with Germans.

To help usher in the Nazi dream of a pure, blond haired, blue-eyed race, Black Germans, like Jews, Roma and Sinti, Gay people and those with any criminal record were called asocial. Many Black people found that under the Nazis they no longer had jobs and that they were excluded from many aspects of life.

European and American Blacks were also interned in the Nazi concentration camp system. Lionel Romney, a sailor in the U.S. Merchant Marine, was imprisoned in the Mauthausen concentration camp. Jean Marcel Nicolas, a Haitian national, was incarcerated in the Buchenwald and Dora-Mittelbau concentration camps in Germany. Jean Voste, an African Belgian, was incarcerated in the Dachau concentration camp. Bayume Mohamed Hussein from Tanganyika (today Tanzania) died in the Sachsenhausen camp, near Berlin.

Black prisoners of war faced illegal incarceration and mistreatment at the hands of the Nazis, who did not uphold the regulations imposed by the Geneva Convention (International agreement on the conduct of war and the treatment of wounded and captured soldiers). Lieutenant Darwin Nicholas, an African American pilot, was incarcerated in a Gestapo prison in Butzbach. Black soldiers of the American, French, and British Armies were worked to death on construction projects or died as a result of mistreatment in concentration or prisoner-of-war camps. Others were never even incarcerated, but were instead immediately killed by the SS or Gestapo.

As the war progressed and Prisoners of War were taken, the Nazi regime separated Black prisoners from white ones. Once taken prisoner by Hitlers troops, Black prisoners received harsher treatment and less food than white POWs and whilst most white POWs were imprisoned many of the Black soldiers either worked until they died or were executed.

read about the persecution of Black people under the Nazi regime

Jehovahs Witnesses

On 1 April 1935 the Nazis made it illegal to be a Jehovahs Witness. Thousands were imprisoned or murdered for their refusal to swear allegiance to the Nazi regime or to participate in military combat. Jehovahs Witnesses faced an impossible decision. They could only secure their own release by renouncing their faith. Most refused and faced continued imprisonment or execution.

Approximately 2,000 Jehovahs Witnesses were murdered under the Nazi regime, 250 of whom were executed for refusing to take part in armed conflict.

read the testimony of Simone Arnold

Asocials

The Nazis incarcerated and murdered those they deemed to be asocial including those who were politically opposed to national socialism, such as Communists, Socialists, Social Democrats, Trade Union leaders and those who were imprisoned due to criminal activity.

In order to identify these prisoners within a camp, the Nazis used a badge system criminals wore a green triangle, political opponents a red triangle and black for non-conformists (including vagrants and in some cases, the Roma and Sinti).

read the collected letters of Marian Serejski in I am healthy and I feel fine who was held as a political prisoner in Auschwitz

Non-Jewish Poles and Slavic Prisoners of War

The Nazis viewed Poles and other Slavic peoples as inferior, and slated them for subjugation, forced labour, and eventual annihilation. Poles who were considered ideologically dangerous (including thousands of intellectuals and Catholic priests) were targeted for execution in an operation known as AB-Aktion. Between 1939 and 1945, at least 1.5 million Polish citizens were deported to German territory for forced labour. Hundreds of thousands were also imprisoned in Nazi concentration camps. It is estimated that the Germans killed at least 1.9 million non-Jewish Polish civilians during World War Two.

In the German-occupied Soviet Union, the Commissar Order (issued to the German army by the Armed Forces High Command) targeted Red Army political officers to be murdered. During the autumn and winter of 1941-1942, German military authorities and the German Security Police collaborated on a racist policy of mass murder by shooting of Soviet Prisoners of War, Jews, persons with Asiatic features, and top political and military leaders. Around three million others were held in makeshift camps without proper shelter, food, or medicine with the deliberate intent that they die.

read This Way for the Gas, Ladies and Gentleman, a series of short stories by Polish Poet who was imprisoned in Auschwitz

Copied (in the public interest) from:

Holocaust Memorial Day Trust logo

Holocaust Memorial Day Trust
PO Box 61074
London SE1P 5BX
(t) 0845 838 1883
2005 2013 Holocaust Memorial Day Trust, all rights reserved. The Holocaust Memorial Day Trust is a registered charity. No. 1109348

Colour footage of the Third Reich and their crimes

(Credit: Youtube user itseasyforyou)

WARNING THIS VIDEO IS GRAPHIC

Victims of Nazi anatomists named

BBC NEWS 28 January 2013 Last updated at 03:39

By Victoria Gill BBC reporter

Liane Berkowitz (c) German Resistance Memorial Centre Teenage victim: Liane Berkowitz was pregnant when she was imprisoned by the Nazi regime

Liane Berkowitz was just 19 years old when she was executed by the Nazis.

She was arrested by the Gestapo in 1942 when they caught her putting up posters that displayed messages of protest against an exhibition of Nazi propaganda. She was pregnant at the time of her arrest, but this just led to her execution being postponed until after the birth of her child.

Lianes grim story did not end in her death; her body was one of thousands that were delivered to anatomists and used for dissection and experimentation.

The identity of victims who met this same fate is now coming to light thanks to researchers who are scouring legal records to identify the victims of Nazi terror who ended up on anatomists dissection tables.

Liane was one of 182 people whose corpses were claimed by the anatomy researcher Hermann Stieve, who, at the time, was a leading anatomist at the University of Berlin.

The full names of the people on Stieves list the vast majority of whom were women has now been published by Dr Sabine Hildebrandt, a German-born anatomist based at the University of Michigan.

Stieve himself put this list together in 1946, explained Dr Hildebrandt, who has been investigating the history of German anatomy for a decade. Stieves own thorough record of his macabre work has enabled her to identify his victims.

Stieves crimes have been exposed, but Dr Hildebrandt has now focused her efforts of telling the stories of his victims.

I wanted to find out who these people were, Dr Hildebrandt told the BBC. I wanted to make them known again.

Doomed women

Stieve was interested particularly in reproductive anatomy; a key reason why so many victims on his list were women.

Before 1933, he was able to source the bodies of executed men, but no women; Germany was not executing women.

Then, suddenly, during the Third Reich, women were being executed too.

About half of these women, including Liane Berkowitz, were executed for treason; some were betrayed to the Gestapo by fellow citizens for airing their anti-Nazi politics.

William Seidelman, former professor of medicine at the University of Toronto, has also spent years uncovering links between medicine and murder in the Third Reich.

In a 1999 paper in Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies he revealed some of the details of how Stieve worked closely with the prison in Berlin where prisoners were executed.

When a woman of reproductive age was due to be executed, Stieve was informed, a date of execution was decided upon, and the prisoner told the scheduled date of her death, wrote Prof Seidelman.

Stieve was particularly interested in the effects of stress and psychological trauma on the doomed womans menstrual pattern.

Upon the womans execution, her pelvic organs were removed for examination. Stieve published reports based on those studies without hesitation or apology.

Stieve referred to the organs he used as material. His publications during this time were some of the first to suggest that stress in the form of being sentenced to death disrupted a womans menstrual cycle.

In a mission to reveal the human lives behind this material, Dr Hildebrandt studied through the personal files of Stieves victims, which are held at the Memorial Site for the German Resistance in Berlin.

She cross-checked each file against a copy of Stieves list that is on file at the German Ministry of Justice, identifying every person on the list.

Continue reading the main story

Nazi experiments

  • According to medical historian Paul Weindling, almost 25,000 victims of Nazi scientific experiments have now been identified.
  • Dr Weindling says there were different phases to the Nazis experiments. The first was linked to eugenics and forced sterilisation.
  • The second phase coincided with the start of the war. Doctors began experimenting on patients in psychiatric hospitals, Prof Weindling writes in a BBC report. Sporadic experiments were made in concentration camps like Sachsenhausen near Berlin, and anthropological observations at Dachau.
  • The third phase began in 1942, when the SS and German military took greater control of the experiments. There was a surge in the numbers of experiments, with lethal diseases including malaria and louse-borne typhus administered to thousands of victims.
  • During a fourth phase in 1944-45, explains Dr Weindling, scientists knew the war was lost but they continued their experiments.

Dr Hildebrandt noted the correct spelling of the names of the 174 women and eight men on the list, their exact dates of birth and death, their nationality, the reason for their execution and any other biographical information she could find.

Some of the files contained personal letters expressing final wishes of condemned prisoners. Some of them expressed wishes to be reunited with their families in death, said Dr Hildebrandt.

One letter by Libertas Schulze-Boysen, a German-born resistance fighter who was once a member of the Nazi party, but left in 1937 and went on join the resistance and collect photographic evidence documenting National Socialist crimes of violence.

Libertas was arrested in September 1942 and sentenced to death for treason in December of the same year.

In a letter to her mother, she wrote: As a last wish I have asked that my material substance be left to you. If possible, bury me in a beautiful place amidst sunny nature.

Dark history

Dr Hildenbrandt said that her research made it painfully clear how little anatomists at the time were interested in the fate of the people whose bodies they were dissecting.

This left German anatomical research tainted by association.

Of the 31 anatomical departments at universities in Germany and its occupied territories between 1933 and 1945, Dr Hildebrandt found that all of them without exception received bodies of the executed from execution chambers.

The issue only came to public attention in the past two decades.

Prof Seidelman explained that, in 1989, an anatomy lecturer at the University of Tubingen indicated that specimens he was showing were from Russian or Polish slave labourers executed during the Third Reich.

Prof Seidelman told the BBC: The students were dismayed and demanded an explanation.

The university held a formal investigation, and all anatomy specimens of suspect or uncertain origin were buried in a special section of the Tubingen cemetery and, on July 8, 1990, a commemorative ceremony was held.

Continue reading the main story

Pernkopfs Atlas: A textbook tainted by Nazi association

Image from Pernkopf's Atlas of Anatomy
  • Eduard Pernkopf, chairman of anatomy at the University of Vienna between 1933 and 1945, was a member of the Nazi party whose sourcing of executed prisoners for dissections is on permanent record in his now infamous anatomical atlas.
  • The detailed illustrations in anatomical atlas that Pernkopf produced made it famous among anatomy students.
  • Pernkopf worked 18-hour days dissecting corpses while a team of artists created the images; he worked for over two decades on the book.
  • AS Sabine Hildebrandt revealed in a 2006 paper in the journal Clinical anatomy, as well as confirming Pernkopfs strong affiliation to the Nazi party, this project revealed the delivery of at least 1,377 bodies of executed persons to the Anatomical Institute of Vienna during the Third Reich. The possible use of these bodies as models cannot be excluded for up to half of the approximately 800 plates in the atlas.

Several universities, have carried out formal investigations into their own anatomy departments procurement of bodies during the Third Reich.

Many institutes in Austria were also involved, notably the University of Vienna.

The University of Vienna had a special streetcar hearse that delivered the cadavers from the execution chamber of the regional court to the anatomy institute, explained Prof Seidelman.

Eduard Pernkopf, who was chairman of anatomy there between 1933 and 1945, left a printed legacy in the form of a now infamous anatomy tome. It is now understood that many of the incredibly detailed illustrations in Pernkopfs atlas depicted the bodies of victims of Nazi terror.

Prof Seidelman said that researchers were at the very early stage of the journey of revealing the stories of those humans who became experimental material.

They became inanimate objects, he added.

Dr Hildebrandt agrees that the issue still casts a shadow on anatomy today, and while a great deal has been published about the crimes of the perpetrators, German post-war anatomy was built in part on the bodies of [the] victims.

She added: Its time to return the names to the numbers to give faces and biographies to the so far anonymous victims of anatomy in the Third Reich in order to remember and honour their humanity and the iniquities they had to endure.

More on This Story

Related Stories

Useful links

There are many organisations which will be able to assist and advise you with the organisation of your event. Some work with Holocaust and genocide survivors, others focus on remembrance and education and some work in community relations.

Holocaust Memorial Day Trust
0845 838 1883
enquiries@hmd.org.uk
www.hmd.org.uk
PO Box 61074, London, SE1P 5BX
Follow us on Twitter

45 Aid Society Holocaust Survivors
Established in 1963 the 45 Aid Society consists mainly of survivors of concentration camps who came to Britain in 1945/46. The Society is active in the community, helps members and charities and is a major source of survivors who give testimony of their experiences to schools, councils and community groups.
Flat 4, Broadlands, Hillside Road, Radlett, Hertfordshire, WD7 7BX
Tel: 01923 850816
Email: 45aidsociety@onetel.com

Aegis Trust
The Aegis Trust campaigns to prevent genocide worldwide. Aegis activities include: research, policy, education, remembrance, awareness of genocide issues in the media and humanitarian support for victims of genocide.
Aegis Trust, P.O. Box 2002, Newark, Nottinghamshire NG22 9ZG
Tel: 01623 836627
Email: office@aegistrust.org
Website: www.aegistrust.org

Arnold-Liebster Foundation
The Arnold-Liebster Foundation provides information and resources for teachers and students wishing to explore the experience of Jehovahs Witnesses under the Nazi regime. The website provides survivor testimony, study guides, DVD & Video resources and much more.
Email: alst@alst.org
Web: www.alst.org

Article 1
Article 1 works to inform governments and citizens about the prevention of genocide and mass atrocities. We investigate and expose systematic and grave violations of human rights, making recommendations to decision-makers, the media and the public.
Tel: 020 7243 0300
Email: benedetta.cassinelli@article1.org
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/WagingPeace
Twitter: @WagingPeaceUK
Website:www.article1.org

Association of Jewish Refugees
The Association of Jewish Refugees provides an extensive range of social and welfare services, and grants financial assistance to Jewish victims of Nazi persecution living in Great Britain. In addition to a dedicated social services team, AJR operates a nationwide network of regional groups and offer a volunteers service and advice on Holocaust compensation claims.
Jubilee House, Merrion Avenue, Stanmore, Middlesex, HA7 4RL
Tel: 0208 385 3070
Email: enquiries@ajr.org.uk
Website: www.ajr.org.uk

Anne Frank Trust
The Anne Frank Trust works with young people in Britain today to help build a society based on acceptance, mutual respect, compassion and responsibility.
It does this through touring exhibitions about Anne Frank and educational work in schools. Opened in October 2010, The Anne Frank Library is the newest lending and reference specialising in books and resources about Anne Frank, the Holocaust and the wider topics of prejudice and discrimination, social responsibility, conflict and behaviour, and all the moral issues surrounding these topics. Teachers and HE/FE students are welcome to use the library, but strictly by appointment only, via the details below. The Online Catalogue enables remote access to an index of the resources available in The Anne Frank Library.
Star House, 104/108 Grafton Road, Kentish Town, London, NW5 4BA
Tel: 020 7284 5858
Email: info@annefrank.org.uk
Website: www.annefrank.org.uk

New iPad app: Seeing the world through Anne Franks eyes http://dlvr.it/2rVPKK

Beth Shalom Holocaust Centre
Beth Shalom, The Holocaust Centre was Britains first dedicated Holocaust Memorial and Education centre and supports anyone needing resource and ideas for commemoration. Resources designed for commemoration are available. The Holocaust Centre is also open for individual and group visits.
Laxton, Newark, Notts, NG22 0PA
Tel: 01623 836627
Email: office@bethshalom.com
Website: www.bethshalom.com

Black History Month
Black History Month is celebrated across the UK every October and highlights and celebrates the achievements of the Black community and aims to uncover hidden histories of Black communities.
Studio 4, Hiltongrove, 14 Southgate Road, London, N1 3LY
Tel: 020 7407 7747
Email: info@blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk
Website: www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk

Board of Deputies of British Jews
Protects and supports the interests, religious rights and customs of Jews in the UK. The education department monitors trends in education and ensures sensitivity to Jewish needs within the national education system.
6 Bloomsbury Square, London, WC1A 2LP
Tel: 020 7543 5400
Email: info@bod.org.uk
Website: www.bod.org.uk

Child Survivors Association AJR
The Child Survivors Association AJR represents a group of child survivors of the Holocaust and their partners which arranges regular meetings. It is a Special Interest Group of the Association of Jewish Refugees. For more details contact Henri on 020 8954 5298 or email H.Obstfeld@talk21.com

Churches Together in Britain and Ireland (CTBI)
Churches Together in Britain and Ireland is the umbrella body for all the major Christian Churches in Britain and Ireland. It liaises with ecumenical bodies in Britain and Ireland as well as ecumenical organisations at European and world levels.
Tel: 020 7654 7254
Email: info@ctbi.org.uk
Website: www.ctbi.org.uk

Claims Conference
The Claims Conference was set up in 1951 to negotiate compensation and lost assets taken by the Nazis during the Holocaust. They also obtain funds for relief, rehabilitation and resettlement of Jewish victims of Nazi persecution.
Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany Inc. (Claims Conference)
1359 Broadway, Room 2000, New York, NY 10018.
Tel: +001 (646) 536-9100
Email: info@claimscon.org
Website: www.claimscon.org/index.asp

The Council of Christians and Jews
The Council of Christians and Jews was founded in 1942. Against a background of the Second World War and the Holocaust, Chief Rabbi Hertz and Archbishop William Temple decided to take an initiative that would bring Christians and Jews together to combat anti-Semitism and other forms of prejudice in Britain. Today CCJ has more than 50 branches throughout the UK and continues to enjoy support at all levels. CCJ works with Christian and Jewish communities to promote mutual understanding and combat prejudice and anti-Semitism.
CCJ, 1st Floor, Camelford House, 89 Albert Embankment, LONDON SE1 7TP
Tel: 020 7820 0090
UK local rate number 0845 1662 205
Email:cjrelations@ccj.org.uk
Website: www.ccj.org.uk

Equality and Human Rights Commission
The Equality and Human Rights Commission champions equality and human rights for all. The Equality and Human Rights Commission was established on 1 October 2007 and carries on the work of the Commission for Racial Equality, the Disability Rights Commission and the Equal Opportunities Commission which have now been abolished.
3 More London, Riverside, Tooley Street, London, SE1 2RG
Tel: 020 3117 0235
Email: info@equalityhumanrights.com
Website: www.equalityhumanrights.com

Hindu Forum
The Hindu Forum of Britain (HFB) is the largest umbrella body for British Hindus with over 270 member organisations from different regions around the country. HFBs main activities are public policy and community consultation for the government; capacity building and project development for the Hindu community; and developing good interfaith relations with other faith communities to build a cohesive and inclusive Britain.
Unit 3, 861, Coronation Road, Park Royal, London NW10 6PT
Tel: 020 8965 0671 or 07915 383 103
Email: info@hinduforum.org
Website: www.hinduforum.org.uk

Holocaust Educational Trust
HET works to promote knowledge of the Holocaust and its relevance for today and provides an outreach programme including educator-led workshops and survivor speakers. The Lessons from Auschwitz Course for teachers and post-16 students incorporate a visit to the former Nazi camp and pre and post-visit seminars.
The Holocaust Educational Trust, BCM Box 7892, London WC1N 3XX
Tel: 020 7222 6822
Email: info@het.org.uk
Website: www.het.org.uk

Holocaust Survivors Centre
The Holocaust Survivors Centre is part of Jewish Care and is a Jewish Social Centre for Survivors who lived in Europe or came to Britain as refugees. The centre offers a varied social programme including art and creative writing classes, outings to theatre, as well as a drop in cafe facility for informal get-togethers. The centre also offers practical advice and befriending. Survivor testimonies are recorded and public speaking skills developed.
Melanie Gotlieb & Rachelle Lazarus
Corner of Church Road & Parson Street, Hendon NW4 1QA
Tel: 0208 202 9844
Email: hsc@jcare.org

The Holocaust Survivors Friendship Association
The HSFA is a Leeds-based charity set up in 1996. Their primary aim is to preserve the memory of the Holocaust and use its lessons to work towards a more tolerant society in which difference and diversity are celebrated. HSFA members regularly visit schools to give living witness accounts of their personal experiences as refugees, hidden children and survivors of Nazi concentration camps.
Contact HSFA Website: HSFA

Hope Survivors Foundation
Hope Survivors Foundation is an UK-based organisation, founded by survivors of the Rwandan genocide, with their supporters and friends. Formerly operating as IBUKA (UK), Hope Survivors Foundation is continuing with the same mission and objectives as before to support survivors of the genocide in Rwanda and to raise awareness of the genocide and contribute to a world free from genocide and crimes against humanity.
Tel: 07507 360001
Email: info@hope-survivors.org.uk
Website: www.hope-survivors.org.uk

Imperial War Museum (The Holocaust Exhibition and Crimes against Humanity)
The Holocaust Exhibition at the Imperial War Museum receives around 700 visitors daily, and features archival material and testimony to describe the Nazi persecution of the Jews and other groups. Surrounding galleries tell the wider story of conflict since 1914 and include Crimes against Humanity, an exhibition on genocide. Open daily 10am 6pm, free entry.
Imperial War Museum, Lambeth Road, London,SE1 6HZ
Tel: 020 7416 5320
Website: www.iwm.org.uk

Institute of Education, Holocaust Education Development Programme
FREE Continuing Professional Development (CPD) in Holocaust Education is now available to secondary school teachers and PGCE students across England. The high quality, high-impact CPD is delivered by internationally recognised experts from the Holocaust Education Development Programme (HEDP), part of the world renowned Institute of Education, University of London. The CPD has been informed by an in-depth national survey and is delivered in regional workshops providing effective, age-appropriate, classroom-ready resources.
Website:www.hedp.org.uk

Inter Faith Network for UK
The Inter Faith Network for the UK was founded in 1987 to promote good relations between people of different faiths in this country. Its member organisations include representative bodies from the Bahai; Buddhist; Christian; Hindu; Jain; Jewish; Muslim; Sikh; and Zoroastrian communities; national and local inter faith bodies; and academic institutions and educational bodies concerned with inter faith issues.
Website: www.interfaith.org.uk

Jehovahs Witnesses
There were 25,000 Jehovahs Witnesses in Germany in 1933. Thousands suffered in Nazi prisons and camps. Unlike other prisoners, each Witness could be set free simply by signing a statement renouncing his faith. They were the only religious group to take a consistent, organised stand against the Nazi regime. Jehovahs Witnesses in Britain offer the Jehovahs Witnesses Stand Firm against Nazi Assault teaching pack.
Office of Public Information for Jehovahs Witnesses in Britain
Watch Tower House, The Ridgeway, LONDON NW7 1RN
Tel: 020 8906 2211

Jewish Museum, London
The Jewish Museum aims to increase knowledge and understanding of Jewish history, culture and religious life, as part of Britains diverse heritage. The London Museum of Jewish Life was founded in 1983 as the Museum of the Jewish East End, with the aim of rescuing and preserving the disappearing heritage of Londons East End the heartland of Jewish settlement in Britain. While the East End has remained an important focus, the Museum expanded to reflect the diverse roots and social history of Jewish people across London. It also developed an acclaimed programme of Holocaust and anti-racist education.
Website: www.jewishmuseum.org.uk

Jewish Music Institute
The Jewish Music Institute is dedicated to the celebration, preservation and development of the living heritage of Jewish music for the benefit of all. JMI Forums such as the International Forum for Suppressed Music, the International Forum for Yiddish Culture and the Forum for the Promotion of Arab-Jewish Dialogue Through Music, provide an international focus for study and musicianship.
Jewish Music Institute, SOAS, University of London, PO Box 232, Harrow, Middx, HA1 2NN
Tel: 020 8909 2445
Website: www.jmi.org.uk

Kindertransport
A special interest group of the Association of Jewish Refugees, the Kindertransport represent the children who fled Nazi-controlled Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia between 1938 and 1939 and prior to the start of the Second World War.
Contact can be made through the offices of the AJR or with Bertha on 0208 952 4280 or Hermann on 0208 427 6754

LGBT History Month
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender History Month takes place in the UK every February and celebrates the lives and achievements of the LGBT community.
BM LGBT History Month, London, WC1N 3XX
Website: http://www.lgbthistorymonth.org.uk/
Email: listmgr@lgbthistorymonth.org.uk

London Jewish Cultural Centre
The London Jewish Cultural Centre works to promote anti-racist education and citizenship initiatives. Its cultural and educational programmes are aimed at a broad audience of Jews and non-Jews, encouraging inter-faith and inter-cultural dialogue and activities. They work with Holocaust survivors who tell their stories to students in schools and colleges throughout the UK. The LJCC aims to build bridges between the Jewish experience of persecution and racism and that faced by those persecuted today, whether because of race, ethnicity or cultural difference.
London Jewish Cultural Centre, Ivy House, 94 96 North End Road, London, NW11 7SX
Tel: 020 8457 5000
Email: admin@ljcc.org.uk
Website: www.ljcc.org.uk

Manchester Jewish Museum
Manchester Jewish Museum contains the History, culture and religion of Manchester Jewry. The Holocaust is featured as it impacted upon people who came to Manchester before 1939 or who survived to leave testimonies on tape and written form. They have a number of resources about the Holocaust and can put people in contact with survivors.
Manchester Jewish Museum, 190 Cheetham Hill Road, Manchester, M8 8LW.
Tel. 0161 834 9879
Website: www.manchesterjewishmuseum.com

The Refugee Council
The Refugee Council is the largest organisation in the UK working with asylum seekers and refugees. The Refugee Council not only gives help and support, but also works with asylum seekers and refugees to ensure their needs and concerns are addressed.
Refugee Council Head Office, 240-250 Ferndale Road, London SW9 8BB
Tel: 020 7346 6700
Website: www.refugeecouncil.org.uk

Show Racism the Red Card
Show Racism the Red Card is an anti-racism charity, which was established in January 1996. The aim of the organisation is to produce anti-racist educational resources, which harness the high profile of professional footballers to combat racism.
Tel: 0191 257 8519
Email: info@theredcard.org
Website: http://www.srtrc.org/

Stephen Lawrence Charitable Trust
Established in 1998, the Stephen Lawrence Charitable Trust invests in young people whose aspirations and life chances are constrained by economic, cultural and social hardship, brroadens access to the architectural, planning and associated professions and promotes equality, diversity and social cohesion.
The Stephen Lawrence Charitable Trust, The Stephen Lawrence Centre, 39 Brookmill Road, London, SE8 4HU
Tel: 020 8100 2800
Email: information@stephenlawrence.org.uk
Website: www.stephenlawrence.org.uk

The Forum for Yom Ha Shoah
For all enquiries relating to Yom Ha Shoah, the annual Jewish day of remembrance for victims of the Holocaust, please contact the Forum.
Email: info@yomhashoah.org.uk
Website:http://www.yomhashoah.org.uk/

The Survivors Fund (SURF)
SURF was established in 1997 to assist survivors of the Rwandan genocide, and works through survivor led partner organisations in Rwanda to address the complex needs of survivors. SURFs vision is a world where the rights and dignity of survivors are respected, its mission is to rebuild a sense of self and trust in humanity amongst survivors. Survivors Fund can provide resources on the Rwanda genocide, and will try to provide speakers for events where possible.
10 Rickett Street, West Brompton, London SW6 1RU
Tel: 020 7610 2589
Email: info@survivors-fund.org.uk
Website: www.survivors-fund.org.uk

USC Shoah Foundation Institute
Established in 1994 by Steven Spielberg to collect and preserve the testimonies of survivors and other witnesses of the Holocaust, the USC Shoah Foundation Institute maintains one of the largest video digital libraries in the world. The Institute is part of the College of Letters, Arts & Sciences at the University of Southern California; its mission is to overcome prejudice, intolerance, and bigotry and the suffering they cause through the educational use of the Institutes visual history testimonies.
Website:http://college.usc.edu/vhi/
Teacher Education and Resources:http://college.usc.edu/vhi/education/
Watch videos on the Institutes Youtube Channel
Join the Institutes Facebook community
Follow the Institute on Twitter

Wiener Library
The Wiener Library is the worlds oldest Holocaust memorial institution, tracing its history back to 1933. It collects material related to the Holocaust, its causes and legacies.
The Wiener Library, Institute of Contemporary History
29 Russell Square, London WC1B 5PD
Email: info@wienerlibrary.co.uk
Website: www.wienerlibrary.co.uk

Northumberland County Weather Updates

There is a 100% probability of severe cold weather/icy conditions/ snow between 0900 on Friday and 1800 on Saturday in parts of England. This weather could increase the health risks to vulnerable patients and disrupt the delivery of services. Please refer to the national Cold Weather Plan and your Trust’s emergency plan for appropriate preventive action.

This is an extension to the Level 3 Alert, originally issued on Sunday 20th January. Cold conditions will persist across much of England during Friday and, for eastern areas, into Saturday. There will be a further period of significant snowfall for many parts, especially the Midlands, East Anglia and northern England, although snowfall is also possible to the north and east of London for a time overnight. Less cold conditions, already across the far southwest of England, will extend across other areas over the next 24 hours or so. This will cause snow to…

View original post 162 more words

Volunteer for AKUT Bodrum Search and Rescue

AKUT Bodrum Arama ve Kurtarma iin gnll
Yorum bırakın

Bodrum365 tarafından 23 Ocak 2013

AKUAkut BodrumT Arama Kurtarma Derneği,
1996 yılında kurulan, bugne kadar Trkiye’de tek afet arama kurtarma yardım kuruluudur. Adanmı gnlller Yzlerce una hizmet
sivil toplum, kar amacı gtmeyen kurulu.Dernek aynı zamanda Bodrum’da bir merkezi vardır. Eğer AKUT gnll ilgileniyorsanız, sadece kendi resmi web sitesinde ynergeleri izleyin. Tm merkezler, gnlller iin srekli atlyeler yapıyoruz.

18, Konacık, Bodrum: Akut Bodrum Gaz deresi mevkiinde Resim yer alır.

Onlar da ulaılabilir AKUT Bodrum Group. website

Bodrum 365

AKUAkut BodrumT Search and Rescue Association,
established in 1996, so far is the sole disaster search and rescue relief organization in Turkey. Hundreds of dedicated volunteers serve at this
non-governmental, non-profit organization. The association also has a center in Bodrum. If you are interested in volunteering for AKUT, simply follow the instructions on their official website. All centers conduct continuous workshops for their volunteers.

AKUT Bodrum is located at Gaz Deresi Mevkii, No: 18, Konacık, Bodrum.

They can also be reached via AKUT Bodrum Group.

View original post

Turkish Airlines plane made emergency landing after it was struck by lightning and caught fire – 250113 1225z

Turkish Airlines say a plane with 114 people aboard made an emergency landing after it was struck by lightning and one of its engines caught fire.

It said the plane, en route to Izmir from Istanbul, was preparing to land at Izmir when the lightning struck late Thursday.

The pilot quickly activated the motor’s own fire-extinguishing gear, declared an emergency and landed safely.

The company said Friday no one was hurt.

Amateur video taken from the ground and broadcast by private NTV television showed a flame shooting in the night sky.

The state-run Anadolu agency said residents in Izmir who witnessed the flame rushed to the airport for news of the plane.

Turkey on Friday, 25 January, 2013 at 10:51 (10:51 AM) UTC RSOE

This video taken inside the plane was posted on Youtube:

Turkish:

Trk Hava Yolları uağı yıldırım arptı sonra acil ini yaptı ve alev – 250.113 1225z
Goaty en News tarafından 25 Ocak 2013

Trk Hava Yolları, yıldırım arpmı ve motorları bir yangın yakalandıktan sonra 114 kii ile bir uakta acil ini yaptı sylyorlar.

Bu uak, İstanbul’dan İzmir’e yolda, yıldırım ge Perembe vurunca İzmir inmeye hazırlanıyordu syledi.

Pilot hızlı motorun kendi yangın sndrme vites etkinletirildiğinde, bir acil durum ilan ve gvenli bir ekilde indi.

irket kimse yaralanmadı Cuma syledi.

NTV televizyonu tarafından zemin ve yayın alınan Amatr video gece gkyznde bir alev ekim gsterdi.

Devlet tarafından iletilen Anadolu Ajansı alev tanık İzmir’de sakinleri uağın haberleri iin havaalanına kotu dedi.

10:51 (10:51) Cuma gn Trkiye, 25 Ocak 2013 UTC RSOE

Uağın iine ekilen bu video Youtube yayınlanmıtır:

76 CRIMES

Newspapers have played a significant role in fanning anti-gay feelings in Cameroon in the past and continue to do so, says Amnesty International.  These are excerpts from Amnesty’s newly released report on Cameroon.

In October 2012, L’Anecdote newspaper was again in court to answer charges of abuse, defamation, contempt of public bodies and blackmail  in connection with articles it had published in June 2012. In the articles, the newspaper had published names of public authorities it claimed had been involved in same-sex sexual relations. The case against the newspaper had been brought by a joint action of the public prosecutor and a senior university lecturer.

When the hearing before the Ekounou Court of First Instance started on 3 October, lawyers for the publication director of L’Anecdote requested an adjournment. The court adjourned the hearing and the case had not concluded by the end of December 2012.

The report also states:

View original post 169 more words

10th region in Russia adopts ‘gay propaganda’ law

76 CRIMES

As of today, 10 regions in Russia have laws against so-called “propaganda of homosexualism,” reports Maria Kozlovskaya of the Russian LGBT Network.

The 10th region to adopt such a censorship law is Kaliningrad, where the regional parliament (duma) voted for the law today.

The Kaliningrad version of the law differs from similar laws elsewhere in Russia in that it prohibits propaganda among all people in the region, including adults. In  other regions, the law typically bans public displays or discussions of homosexuality in the presence of minors.

The author of the law was Oleg Bolychev, deputy in the Kaliningrad Regional Duma. The law provides for fines of 3,000 to 5,000 rubles ($100 to $166) for violations committed by individuals, fines of 30,000 to 50,000 rubles ($1,000 to $1,666) for officials, and 500,000 to 1 million rubles ($16,000 to $32,000) for organizations.

Igor Kochetkov, chair of the Russian LGBT Network, commented:

View original post 269 more words

The Jolly Good News

DFF7FA10-D69A-4389-B5DE-A7EE3AF6889D_w268_r1A new study shows that synthetic HDL nanoparticles with gold at their core can kill B-cell lymphoma, the most common form of lymphoma, in cultured human cells. The study, conducted by C. Shad Thaxton, M.D. and Leo I. Gordon, M.D., both of Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine, also showed that the nanoparticles inhibited B-cell lymphoma tumor growth in mice.

View original post 365 more words

Russia skyscraper fire: International Business Center Moscow – 250113 1000z

Деловой центр Москва-Сити  Москва бизнес центр

(Photo: RIA Novosti)
Moscow Business Center tower catches fire

“Fire has burned one of the towers under construction in the International Business Center Moscow.

One worker suffered burns while trying to douse the flames. Firefighters have sent a helicopter to extinguish the fire. The fire was on the 24th floor, and immediately spread to the 25 and the 26 of the building under construction.” – RT

“An officer with the capitals police has told reporters the top floors of a tower under construction are shrouded with smoke. The source of fire seems to be on the 23-24th floor of the skyscraper. A dense cloud of smoke is preventing the police from locating it .All construction workers have been evacuated from the building site.

Another blaze occurred at the Moscow IBC on April 2, 2012, when the 66-67 floors of the Federation Tower caught fire. The flame was put out by midnight with the help of four firefighting helicopters. It was given the last but one intensity category.”

Voice of Russia, IF

Russian:

“Огонь сжег одну из башен строящегося в Международный деловой центр Москвы.

Один рабочий получил ожоги, пытаясь потушить пламя. Пожарные направили вертолет для тушения пожара.Пожар был на 24 этаже, и сразу же распространился на 25 и 26 из строящегося здания. “- RT

“Офицер с полицией столицы сообщил журналистам верхних этажах башни под строительство окутаны дымом. Источник огня, кажется, на 23-24-м этаже небоскреба. Плотное облако дыма предотвращения полицией его размещения. Все строительные рабочие были эвакуированы из здания сайте.

Video

Другой пожар произошел в Москве IBC 2 апреля 2012 года, когда 66-67 этажах башни Федерация загорелся. Огонь был потушен к полуночи с помощью четырех вертолетов пожаротушения. Он был дан последний, но один интенсивности категории “.

Голос России, если