UN Conference failed to reach agreement on a treaty that would regulate the global trade in arms – Red Cross (ICRC) disappointed – Published 29 July 2012 1825 GMT/UTC

Geneva/New York (ICRC) – The United Nations Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty, which ended on 27 July in New York, failed to reach agreement on a treaty that would regulate the global trade in arms. The conference did, however, demonstrate that an overwhelming majority of States support a norm requiring States not to transfer conventional weapons to those who are likely to use them to commit war crimes or serious violations of international human rights law

“The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is disappointed that States were unable to adopt an Arms Trade Treaty as hoped,” said Peter Herby, the head of the Arms Unit at the ICRC. “In our view, the text of the final draft treaty presented by the President of the Diplomatic Conference, Ambassador Roberto García Moritán was a strong response to the humanitarian problem and a reasonable compromise.”

That text would have required States Parties to assess the risk that the conventional arms and ammunition they transfer would be used to commit serious violations of humanitarian law and human rights law – and to deny a transfer if an overriding risk exists. This assessment criterion is one of the main provisions that the ICRC has been advocating.

“An effective Arms Trade Treaty that protects civilians from the devastating consequences of inadequately regulated arms transfers remains as urgently needed as ever,” Mr Herby stressed. “Indeed, it remains a humanitarian imperative. The ICRC is committed to continuing to work with States, National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, as well as with the United Nations and other organizations, to ensure that a robust Arms Trade Treaty is adopted in the near future.”

As long as arms transfers remain insufficiently regulated, people will continue to suffer the consequences, which are incalculable. The ICRC calls on all States to implement, on a national and regional basis, the strict measures they were prepared to adopt in New York and to conclude negotiations on an Arms Trade Treaty as a matter of urgency.

The ICRC has been calling for strict controls on international arms transfers since 1999, following a study requested by States party to the 1949 Geneva Conventions. The study, which was based on the ICRC’s field experience, demonstrated that unregulated availability of weapons could exacerbate existing tensions, facilitate the indiscriminate use of weapons and increase civilian casualties. The absence of strict controls also makes it easier to commit violations of humanitarian law and threatens the provision of humanitarian assistance.

UN: Mali’s humanitarian crisis rapidly worsening, south neglected whilst world focus is on the north – Published 26 July 2012 1900 GMT/UTC

Copied from Alert Net to give this story a wider audience

Mali’s humanitarian crisis caused by hunger, displacement and violence, is rapidly worsening and the south, where needs are greatest, is being neglected as the world focuses on conflict in the north, a top U.N. official said.

(Photo: trust.org/alertnet)
A Malian family displaced by war gather at a makeshift camp in Sevare, about 600 kms (400 miles) northeast of the capital Bamako, July 11, 2012. REUTERS/Emmanuel Braun

Mali, which once enjoyed a reputation for being a stable nation in an often turbulent region, has been plagued by insecurity since a coup in March hastened a rebel advance across the north of the largely desert Sahel state.

A mix of local and foreign Islamists have outmanoeuvred separatist Tuareg rebels and now control the three northern regions, imposing strict Islamic law and stoking fears the zone has become a terrorist safe haven.

As a result of fighting, more than

420,000 people have been uprooted from their homes

within Mali or have fled to neighbouring countries such as Niger, Mauritania and Burkina Faso.

At the same time, Mali is suffering a food crisis that has swept across West Africa’s Sahel region putting 18 million lives at risk. In Mali alone,

4.6 million people face severe hunger and 175,000 children are at risk of severe acute malnutrition

according to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF).

“The humanitarian situation is deteriorating rapidly because of the inadequacy of the response. The situation in Mali is desperate, but not hopeless,” said John Ging, director of operations at the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), ending a three-day visit to the country.

He said a lack of funds was hampering a scale-up of relief operations.

Only 42 percent of the $214 million needed for the humanitarian response in Mali, has been received so far, with health, education, water and sanitation the most critically underfunded sectors, according to OCHA.

The U.N. refugee agency says in some camps, refugees are still coping with below “emergency standard” daily water supplies.

Ging said there was a misconception that, without a solution to the security and political crisis in the north of Mali, little could be done to scale up the humanitarian response.

“In fact, 80 percent of the country’s humanitarian needs are in the south where there is relative stability,” he said in a statement.

He also highlighted the humanitarian response under way in the north despite limited access due to the violence there.

“Remarkable work is being done by national and international NGOs in the north,” Ging said. “They have been creative in overcoming many obstacles to access the people in need, and their humanitarian interventions are stemming further mass displacement.”

Ging’s comments came a week after Washington called on Mali’s authorities to accept offers by African states to send a military force to stabilise Mali and help retake control of its north.

By Katie Nguyen – Alert Net

Would-be boat theives spark search in Falmouth area, waste resources

Falmouth Coastguard Rescue Team - "Semper Paratus"

21/07/12 @ 20:54 Falmouth team paged to search for a missing hire boat with 4 persons on board believed to be in the Falmouth area. CRT deployed a search team at Falmouth dinghy hard to search to Greenbank. While deploying info came in that the boat was in the Penryn area. Team proceeded along with Falmouth ILB and they located the boat behind Ocean BMW. It seems on this occasion that the boat had been deliberately not returned and dumped possibly for later collection. Fal CRT, Fal ILB and ALB and R193 also tasked to assist.

20120722-144627.jpg

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Tropical Storm VICENTE (FERDIE): Southern China particularly Guangxi Province should closely monitor the progress of this storm – Updated 24 July 2012 1440 GMT/UTC

VICENTE (FERDIE) rapidly dissipating over Guangxi Province in China…downgraded to a Tropical Storm.

(Image: wundergound.com)
Typhoon Vicente Tracking Map
(Click image for source)

(Image: usno.navy.mil/JTWC)
Multispectral Satellite Imagery
(Click image for source)

VICENTE will continue to enhance the Southwest Monsoon (aka. Habagat) across Northern and Central Luzon particularly the western sections. Breezy conditions & mostly cloudy conditions w/ occasional to sometimes continuous rains, thunderstorms & squalls will be expected along the abovementioned areas today.

Residents and visitors along Southern China particularly Guangxi Province should closely monitor the progress of Vicente (Ferdie).

Do not use this for life or death decision. This advisory is intended for additional information purposes only. Kindly refer to your country’s official weather agency for local warnings, advisories & bulletins.

维森特 (FERDIE) 迅速消退 … … 在中国广西省降至一个热带风暴。

维森特将继续加强西南季风 (aka。Habagat) 跨北部和中部的吕宋岛特别是西方的部分。习习的条件和偶尔有时连续暴雨、 雷暴和狂风骤雨条件将今天预期沿上述领域。
居民和游客沿南中国特别是广西省应密切监察维森特 (Ferdie) 的进展情况。
请不要使用此生或死的决定。这个咨询是额外的信息仅用于目的。请参阅本地警告、 通报、 公告贵国的官方天气机构。
24 July 2012 1512 GMT/UTC:
Weather Channel: Typhoon #Vicente rapidly developed before slamming into China.
天气频道: 台风维森特迅速发展砰进入中国之前。
Photos/recap: http://wxch.nl/PDTWIY
Weather Underground’s Dr. Masters says, “Category 4 #Typhoon #Vicente hits China”
天气地下博士硕士说,”类别 4 台风维森特打中国”
24 July 2012 1550 GMT/UTC: @JournoDannyAsia: HK Observatory has put a Strong Monsoon signal out
24 July 2012 1720 GMT/UTC:

T2K TrackMap (for Public): 5 PM PhT Tue Jul 24

External Links for TS VICENTE (FERDIE)
View NOAA-CIRA’s: Latest Full Wind Analysis
JTWC Latest Tracking Chart: wp0912.gif
Multi-Agency Forecast TrackMap: Near Real-Time
TSR Wind Probabilities: Current to 1 Day Ahead
JAXA TRMM Page: Latest Rainrate (in mm/hr)
NASA TRMM Page: Vicente’s Rainrate Archives (in mm/hr)
Zoomed Satellite Pic: NOAA’s Near Real-Time
Wunderground Animation: 6-12 hr. GIF Loop

thenhbushmantyphoon.blogspot.co.uk

NDRRMC Severe Weather Bulletins for Tropical Depression “FERDIE”

NDRRMC (SitRep 3): 13 incidents occurred due to TD #FERDIE; 2 dead, 6 missing http://fb.me/MnhdGT9a

Flooded roads in Metro Manila, traffic update & more from TV5 (Quezon City, Philippines)

China: 10 dead after record rain pounds Beijing, more rain to come

Awesome view of typhoon Vicente over Hong Kong (@Dom_Lau) http://pic.twitter.com/ZFavC8WM

Hong Kong ‘Storm of the decade’ – thenanfang.com

BE READY FOR BAD WEATHER and other emergencies – Advice and resources

(Image: usno.navy.mil/JTWC)
TC Warning Graphic
(Click image for source)

WTPN31 PGTW 240300
MSGID/GENADMIN/JOINT TYPHOON WRNCEN PEARL HARBOR HI//
SUBJ/TROPICAL CYCLONE FINAL WARNING//
RMKS/
1. TYPHOON 09W (VICENTE) WARNING NR 014    
   01 ACTIVE TROPICAL CYCLONE IN NORTHWESTPAC
   MAX SUSTAINED WINDS BASED ON ONE-MINUTE AVERAGE
   WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY
    ---
   WARNING POSITION:
   240000Z --- NEAR 22.3N 112.2E
     MOVEMENT PAST SIX HOURS - 300 DEGREES AT 12 KTS
     POSITION ACCURATE TO WITHIN 040 NM
     POSITION BASED ON CENTER LOCATED BY A COMBINATION OF 
     SATELLITE AND RADAR
   PRESENT WIND DISTRIBUTION:
   MAX SUSTAINED WINDS - 100 KT, GUSTS 125 KT
   WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY
   REPEAT POSIT: 22.3N 112.2E
    ---
   FORECASTS:
   12 HRS, VALID AT:
   241200Z --- 23.0N 109.6E
   MAX SUSTAINED WINDS - 060 KT, GUSTS 075 KT
   WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY
   VECTOR TO 24 HR POSIT: 270 DEG/ 11 KTS
    ---
   24 HRS, VALID AT:
   250000Z --- 23.0N 107.3E
   MAX SUSTAINED WINDS - 035 KT, GUSTS 045 KT
   WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY
   DISSIPATING AS A SIGNIFICANT TROPICAL CYCLONE OVER LAND
   VECTOR TO 36 HR POSIT: 270 DEG/ 10 KTS
    ---
   36 HRS, VALID AT:
   251200Z --- 22.9N 105.1E
   MAX SUSTAINED WINDS - 020 KT, GUSTS 030 KT
   WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY
   DISSIPATED AS A SIGNIFICANT TROPICAL CYCLONE OVER LAND
    ---
REMARKS:
240300Z POSITION NEAR 22.5N 111.6E.
TYPHOON 09W (VICENTE), LOCATED APPROXIMATELY 110 NM WEST OF HONG 
KONG, HAS TRACKED WEST-NORTHWESTWARD AT 12 KNOTS OVER THE PAST SIX 
HOURS. TY 09W MADE LANDFALL AT APPROXIMATELY 232000Z AND, AS 
INDICATED IN RADAR AND SATELLITE IMAGERY, HAS WEAKENED AND BECOME 
MORE DISORGANIZED SINCE. MODELS ARE IN GOOD AGREEMENT THAT TY 09W 
WILL CONTINUE TO TRACK WESTWARD OVER THE ROUGH TERRAIN OF SOUTHERN 
CHINA AND DISSIPATE BY TAU 36 OVER NORTHERN VIETNAM. THIS IS THE 
FINAL WARNING ON THIS SYSTEM BY THE JOINT TYPHOON WRNCEN PEARL 
HARBOR HI. THE SYSTEM WILL BE CLOSELY MONITORED FOR SIGNS OF 
REGENERATION.//
NNNN
WTPN31 PGTW 240300
联合/MSGID 进行/GENADMIN 台风 WRNCEN 珍珠港喜 / /
琉璃/热带气旋最后警告 / /
RMKS /
1.台风 09W (维森特) 警告 NR 014
01 活跃热带气旋在 NORTHWESTPAC
基于一分钟的平均最高持续的风速
只有有效风半径超过打开过的水
警告的位置:
240000Z—近 22.3N 112.2E
过去的六个小时-12 KTS 300 度运动
位置精确到内 040 NM
基于中心位于结合的位置
卫星和雷达
目前风力分布:
最大持续的风速-100 KT、 阵风 125 KT
只有有效风半径超过打开过的水
重复存款: 22.3N 112.2E
预测:
12 小时,在有效:
241200Z—23.0N 109.6E
最大持续的风速-060 KT、 阵风 075 KT
只有有效风半径超过打开过的水
向量到 24 小时存款: 270 摄氏度 / 11 KTS
24 小时,在有效:
250000Z—23.0N 107.3E
最大持续的风速-035 KT、 阵风 045 KT
只有有效风半径超过打开过的水
作为重要的热带气旋在陆地逐渐消退
向量到 36 小时存款: 270 摄氏度 / 10 KTS
36 小时,在有效:
251200Z—22.9N 105.1E
最大持续的风速-020 KT、 阵风 030 KT
只有有效风半径超过打开过的水
作为重要的热带气旋在陆地消散
备注:
240300Z 位置附近 22.5N 111.6E。
台风 09W (维森特),位于约 110 香港西部 NM
香港,一直跟踪西西北地区在过去的六 12 海里/小时
小时。在大约 232000Z,作为登陆 TY 09W
表示在雷达和卫星图像,已减弱并成为
自从杂乱无章的更多。模型是很好的协议中,TY 09W
将继续向西的南部不平的地面跟踪
中国和消失的 36 头在越南北部。这就是
此系统由联合台风 WRNCEN 珠江上最后警告
港口你好。系统将会密切监察的迹象
REGENERATION.//
NNNN

#NorthKorea #flooding from #Khanun leaves 88 dead, 134 injured – Published 28 July 2012 1743 GMT/UTC

(Image: wunderground.com)
TD 08W now TS Khanun
(Click image for source)

BE READY FOR BAD WEATHER and other emergencies – Advice and resources

Tropical Depression 08W is now Tropical Storm Khanun, continues to intensify while moving WNW across the NW Pacific Ocean.

Residents and visitors along Ryukyu & Okinawa Islands and Kyushu, Japan should closely monitor the progress of this storm.

Do not use this for life or death decision. This advisory is intended for additional information purposes only. Kindly refer to your country’s official weather agency for local warnings, advisories & bulletins.

TD 08W [Now Tropical Storm Khanun] – Update #002 thenhbushmantyphoon.blogspot.co.uk 2 July 2012

Tropical Depression 08W is now Tropical Storm Khanun (08W) – westernpacificweather.com

Update 28 July 2012:

North Korea flooding from Khanun leaves 88 dead, 134 injured

(Image: NOAA)
CURRENT NOAA/MTSAT-2 SATELLITE IMAGE
(Click image for source)

wtpn31 pgtw 160900
msgid/genadmin/joint typhoon wrncen Pearl Harbor hi//
subj/tropical cyclone warning//
rmks/
1. Tropical depression 08w (eight) warning nr 004
   01 active tropical cyclone in northwestpac
   Max sustained winds based on one-minute average
   wind radii valid over open water only
    ---
   warning position:
   160600z --- near 24.2n 136.1e
     movement past six hours - 305 degrees at 16 kts
     position accurate to within 040 nm
     position based on center located by satellite
   present wind distribution:
   Max sustained winds - 030 kt, gusts 040 kt
   wind radii valid over open water only
   repeat posit: 24.2n 136.1e
    ---
   forecasts:
   12 hrs, valid at:
   161800z --- 25.7n 132.9e
   Max sustained winds - 035 kt, gusts 045 kt
   wind radii valid over open water only
   vector to 24 hr posit: 310 deg/ 16 kts
    ---
   24 hrs, valid at:
   170600z --- 27.6n 130.1e
   Max sustained winds - 040 kt, gusts 050 kt
   wind radii valid over open water only
   radius of 034 kt winds - 060 nm northeast quadrant
                            055 nm southeast quadrant
                            055 nm southwest quadrant
                            060 nm northwest quadrant
   vector to 36 hr posit: 330 deg/ 17 kts
    ---
   36 hrs, valid at:
   171800z --- 30.4n 128.1e
   Max sustained winds - 040 kt, gusts 050 kt
   wind radii valid over open water only
   radius of 034 kt winds - 060 nm northeast quadrant
                            055 nm southeast quadrant
                            055 nm southwest quadrant
                            060 nm northwest quadrant
   vector to 48 hr posit: 350 deg/ 17 kts
    ---
   extended outlook:
   48 hrs, valid at:
   180600z --- 33.8n 127.3e
   Max sustained winds - 035 kt, gusts 045 kt
   wind radii valid over open water only
   vector to 72 hr posit: 010 deg/ 18 kts
    ---
   72 hrs, valid at:
   190600z --- 40.8n 128.9e
   Max sustained winds - 020 kt, gusts 030 kt
   wind radii valid over open water only
   dissipated as a significant tropical cyclone over land
    ---
remarks:
160900z position near 24.6n 135.3e. Tropical depression 08w, located approximately 475 nm east- southeast of Kadena AB, Okinawa, has tracked northwestward at 16 knots over the past six hours. Maximum significant wave height at 160600z is 10 feet. Next warnings at 161500z, 162100z, 170300z and 170900z.// 

Red Cross: Syria is now in civil war, Humanitarian Law applies – Published 15 July 2012 1300 GMT/UTC

The International Committee of the Red Cross said on Sunday it now considers the conflict in Syria a civil war, meaning international humanitarian law applies throughout the country.

The Geneva-based group’s assessment is an important reference that helps parties in a conflict determine how much and what type of force they can or cannot use.

ICRC spokesman Hicham Hassan said Sunday that the humanitarian law now applies wherever hostilities are taking place in Syria, where fighting has spread beyond the hotspots of Idlib, Homs and Hama.

International humanitarian law grants parties to a conflict the right to use appropriate force to achieve their aims. But attacks on civilians and abuse or killing of detainees can constitute war crimes.

The declaration came as Syria denied U.N. claims that government forces used heavy weapons during a military operation that has brought widespread international condemnation against President Bashar Assad’s regime. – MSNBC

Basic rules of International Humanitarian Law

  1. Persons hors de combat (outside of combat) and those not taking part in hostilities shall be protected and treated humanely.
  2. It is forbidden to kill or injure an enemy who surrenders or who is hors de combat.
  3. The wounded and sick shall be cared for and protected by the party to the conflict which has them in its power. The emblem of the “Red Cross,” or of the “Red Crescent,” shall be required to be respected as the sign of protection.
  4. Captured combatants and civilians must be protected against acts of violence and reprisals. They shall have the right to correspond with their families and to receive relief.
  5. No one shall be subjected to torture, corporal punishment or cruel or degrading treatment.
  6. Parties to a conflict and members of their armed forces do not have an unlimited choice of methods and means of warfare.
  7. Parties to a conflict shall at all times distinguish between the civilian population and combatants. Attacks shall be directed solely against military objectives.

ICRC: What is international humanitarian law? PDF format (33kb)

Syria: ICRC urges full respect for international humanitarian law July 31, 2012

  • As the armed conflict in Syria escalates and takes a heavy toll on civilians, the ICRC is appealing to all parties to the conflict to fully respect the rules and principles of international humanitarian law, which is commonly known as the laws of war.

Related:

Geneva Conventions

Hague Conventions